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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 8/2021

22-06-2021 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Reduced Anxiety Following Mindfulness and Adaptive Working Memory Training in Women with Breast Cancer

Auteurs: Jessica Swainston, Nazanin Derakshan

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 8/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

Breast cancer is a life-threatening disease that leaves survivors vulnerable to clinical levels of psychological disorder. Expanding on recent research that indicates both mindfulness and working memory training can reduce levels of emotional vulnerability separately, we investigate how the combined effects of these interventions impact emotion regulation in female survivors of breast cancer.

Methods

Participants completed a 10-day course of either mindfulness-based meditation (Mindfulness), mindfulness-based meditation and working memory training (Mindfulness N-Back), working memory training (N-Back) or, for the control group, a 1-back task (1-back). Assessment of emotional vulnerability took place at pre- and post-intervention, as well as at 1- and 6-month follow-up time points to assess whether any observed effects would persist.

Results

Findings indicated that an independent course of either mindfulness-based meditation or working memory training, as well as a combined course of both, can result in reductions in anxious symptomatology compared to an active control group. Whilst effects were sustained for all experimental training groups (Mindfulness, N-Back, Mindfulness N-Back) at 1-month post-intervention, at 6-month follow-up effects were only apparent for the independent groups (Mindfulness, N-Back).

Conclusions

This study suggests that the engagement of attentional control processes through both independent and combined courses of mindfulness-based meditation and adaptive working memory training can result in sustained reductions in anxiety symptomatology in women diagnosed with breast cancer.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Reduced Anxiety Following Mindfulness and Adaptive Working Memory Training in Women with Breast Cancer
Auteurs
Jessica Swainston
Nazanin Derakshan
Publicatiedatum
22-06-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 8/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01651-3