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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 1/2021

05-12-2020 | Empirical Research

Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial that Altruism Moderates the Effect of Prosocial Acts on Adolescent Well-being

Auteurs: Sarah M. Tashjian, Danny Rahal, Maira Karan, Naomi Eisenberger, Adriana Galván, Steve W. Cole, Andrew J. Fuligni

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 1/2021

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Abstract

Despite growing public and scientific interest in the positive benefits of prosociality, there has been little research on the causal effects of performing kind acts for others on psychological well-being during adolescence. Developmental changes during adolescence, such as greater perspective taking, can promote prosociality. It was hypothesized that performing kind acts for others would improve adolescent well-being (positive and negative affect, perceived stress) and increase prosocial giving. As part of a randomized controlled trial, 97 adolescents (Mage = 16.224, SD = 0.816, range 14–17; 53.608% female) were assigned to either perform kind acts for others (Kindness to Others, N = 33), perform kind acts for themselves (Kindness to Self, N = 34), or report on daily activities (Daily Report, N = 30) three times per week for four weeks. Well-being factors were measured weekly and giving was tested post-intervention. Overall, changes over time in well-being did not differ across conditions. However, altruism emerged as a significant moderator such that altruistic adolescents in the Kindness to Others condition showed increased positive affect, decreased negative affect, and decreased stress. Increased positive affect was also linked to greater prosocial giving for Kindness to Others adolescents. These findings identify individual differences that may shape the effects of doing kind acts for others on well-being during adolescence.

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Literatuur
go back to reference Rushton, J. P., Chrisjohn, R. D., & Fekken, G. C. (1981). The altruistic personality and the self-report altruism scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 1, 292–302. Rushton, J. P., Chrisjohn, R. D., & Fekken, G. C. (1981). The altruistic personality and the self-report altruism scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 1, 292–302.
go back to reference Su, T., Tian, L., & Huebner, E. S. (2019). The reciprocal relations among prosocial behavior, satisfaction of relatedness needs at school, and subjective well-being in school: a three-wave cross-lagged study among Chinese elementary school students. Current Psychology, 1–13. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12144-019-00323-9 Su, T., Tian, L., & Huebner, E. S. (2019). The reciprocal relations among prosocial behavior, satisfaction of relatedness needs at school, and subjective well-being in school: a three-wave cross-lagged study among Chinese elementary school students. Current Psychology, 1–13. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12144-019-00323-9
Metagegevens
Titel
Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial that Altruism Moderates the Effect of Prosocial Acts on Adolescent Well-being
Auteurs
Sarah M. Tashjian
Danny Rahal
Maira Karan
Naomi Eisenberger
Adriana Galván
Steve W. Cole
Andrew J. Fuligni
Publicatiedatum
05-12-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 1/2021
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-020-01362-3