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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 1/2021

28-10-2020 | Book Review

Hadeel Al-Alosi: The Criminalisation of Fantasy Material: Law and Sexually Explicit Representations of Fictional Children

New York, NY: Routledge, 2018, 167 pp, ISBN 978-0-203-70182-9

Auteur: Noah T. Holloway

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 1/2021

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Excerpt

How do lawmakers balance an interest in uninhibited freedom of expression in art and literature against the goal of protecting children from exploitation? Hadeel Al-Alosi, in her book titled The Criminalisation of Fantasy Material: Law and Sexually Explicit Representations of Fictional Children, provides guidance on this very question insofar as it pertains to purely fictional representations of children. While possession, distribution, and production of child pornography that exploits real children are rightly criminalized in most countries, Al-Alosi provides a narrow analysis of the arguments surrounding criminalization of obscene material representing fictional children. The result of this focus is a work that provides significant utility for a diverse audience composed of academics, students (in both law and undergraduate programs), professors, and anyone with an interest in criminal law, First Amendment law, or fantasy material overall. Ultimately, this empirical analysis strives to neutrally identify any potential harm to real children posed by fictional material, describe the freedom of expression implications that arise from criminalization, and challenge readers’ determinations of whether fictional material can have serious real-world implications. …
Voetnoten
1
Due to its frequent use, “fictional child pornography” is referred to consistently by Al-Alosi as “FCP”. Thus, this review will employ the same approach.
 
2
While Japanese laws are not a subject of the overall analysis, Al-Alosi clarifies that it was necessary to describe Japanese fantasy materials because they are consumed by large Western audiences and may be subject to Western laws prohibiting fictional pornography.
 
3
Such harms include the normalization of grooming, apprehension that such material may encourage real child abuse, and a potential for the general public to become desensitized to the serious nature of real child abuse.
 
4
The Offense Principle factors consider (1) the magnitude of the offense, (2) the ability of unwilling witnesses to avoid being offended; and (3) whether the offense was voluntarily incurred. These three factors are then weighed against (1) the importance of the offending conduct, (2) the availability of alternative times and places that the conduct would cause less offense; and (3) whether the offense is caused with spiteful motives.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Al-Alosi, H. (2018). The criminalisation of fantasy material: law and sexually explicit representations of fictional children. New York, NY: Routledge. CrossRef Al-Alosi, H. (2018). The criminalisation of fantasy material: law and sexually explicit representations of fictional children. New York, NY: Routledge. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Hadeel Al-Alosi: The Criminalisation of Fantasy Material: Law and Sexually Explicit Representations of Fictional Children
New York, NY: Routledge, 2018, 167 pp, ISBN 978-0-203-70182-9
Auteur
Noah T. Holloway
Publicatiedatum
28-10-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 1/2021
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-020-01334-7