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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2013

01-09-2013 | Original Paper

ERP Correlates of Recognition Memory in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Esha Massand, Dermot M. Bowler, Laurent Mottron, Anthony Hosein, Boutheina Jemel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2013

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Abstract

Recognition memory in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tends to be undiminished compared to that of typically developing (TD) individuals (Bowler et al. 2007), but it is still unknown whether memory in ASD relies on qualitatively similar or different neurophysiology. We sought to explore the neural activity underlying recognition by employing the old/new word repetition event-related potential effect. Behavioural recognition performance was comparable across both groups, and demonstrated superior recognition for low frequency over high frequency words. However, the ASD group showed a parietal rather than anterior onset (300–500 ms), and diminished right frontal old/new effects (800–1500 ms) relative to TD individuals. This study shows that undiminished recognition performance results from a pattern of differing functional neurophysiology in ASD.
Voetnoten
1
The old-new effects reported here are unlikely to reflect item differences due to the assignment of word stimuli into ‘Target’ and ‘Lure’ categories, given that the old-new effects in the TD group look very similar to other published studies (Rugg and Doyle 1992; Rugg et al. 1995; Rugg and Curran 2007).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
ERP Correlates of Recognition Memory in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Esha Massand
Dermot M. Bowler
Laurent Mottron
Anthony Hosein
Boutheina Jemel
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2013
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1755-x