Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 4/2016

07-04-2016

Effects of moderate and vigorous physical activity on fitness and body composition

Auteurs: Clemens Drenowatz, Vivek K. Prasad, Gregory A. Hand, Robin P. Shook, Steven N. Blair

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 4/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Current physical activity (PA) guidelines indicate that moderate-intensity (MPA) and vigorous intensity (VPA) PA provide similar benefits when total volume is equal. The present study examined the associations of MPA and VPA with body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in free-living young adults. A total of 197 young adults (52.8 % male) were followed over a period of 15 months. Body composition was assessed via dual X-ray absorptiometry and time spent in various PA intensities was determined with a multi-sensor device every 3 months. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed with a graded exercise test at baseline and 15-months follow-up. Change in VPA was positively associated with cardiorespiratory fitness while MPA had beneficial associations with percent body fat. In overweight/obese participants the association with VO2peak was similar for MVPA bouts and VPA. Even though MPA and VPA have positive associations with overall health, their associations on key health parameters differ.
Literatuur
go back to reference Ainsworth, B. E., Haskell, W. L., Herrmann, S. D., Meckes, N., Bassett, D. R., Tudor-Locke, C., et al. (2011). 2011 Compendium of physical activities: A second update of codes and MET values. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43, 1575–1581. CrossRefPubMed Ainsworth, B. E., Haskell, W. L., Herrmann, S. D., Meckes, N., Bassett, D. R., Tudor-Locke, C., et al. (2011). 2011 Compendium of physical activities: A second update of codes and MET values. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43, 1575–1581. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bastien, M., Poirier, P., Lemieux, I., & Després, J. P. (2014). Overview of epidemiology and contribution of obesity to cardiovascular disease. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, 56, 369–381. CrossRefPubMed Bastien, M., Poirier, P., Lemieux, I., & Després, J. P. (2014). Overview of epidemiology and contribution of obesity to cardiovascular disease. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, 56, 369–381. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Blair, S. N., LaMonte, M. J., & Nichaman, M. Z. (2004). The evolution of physical activity recommendations: How much is enough? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 79, 913S–920S. PubMed Blair, S. N., LaMonte, M. J., & Nichaman, M. Z. (2004). The evolution of physical activity recommendations: How much is enough? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 79, 913S–920S. PubMed
go back to reference Bruce, R. (1971). Exercise testing of patients with coronary heart disease: Principles and normal standards for evaluation. Annals of Clinical Research, 3, 323–332. PubMed Bruce, R. (1971). Exercise testing of patients with coronary heart disease: Principles and normal standards for evaluation. Annals of Clinical Research, 3, 323–332. PubMed
go back to reference Burgomaster, K. A., Hughes, S. C., Heigenhauser, G. J., Bradwell, S. N., & Gibala, M. J. (2005). Six sessions of sprint interval training increases muscle oxidative potential and cycle endurance capacity in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 98, 1985–1990. CrossRefPubMed Burgomaster, K. A., Hughes, S. C., Heigenhauser, G. J., Bradwell, S. N., & Gibala, M. J. (2005). Six sessions of sprint interval training increases muscle oxidative potential and cycle endurance capacity in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 98, 1985–1990. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chau, J. Y., van der Ploeg, H. P., Merom, D., Chey, T., & Bauman, A. E. (2012). Cross-sectional associations between occupational and leisure-time sitting, physical activity and obesity in working adults. Preventive Medicine, 54, 195–200. CrossRefPubMed Chau, J. Y., van der Ploeg, H. P., Merom, D., Chey, T., & Bauman, A. E. (2012). Cross-sectional associations between occupational and leisure-time sitting, physical activity and obesity in working adults. Preventive Medicine, 54, 195–200. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ciolac, E. G., Bocchi, E. A., Bortolotto, L. A., Carvalho, V. O., Greve, J. M., & Guimarães, G. V. (2010). Effects of high-intensity aerobic interval training vs. moderate exercise on hemodynamic, metabolic and neuro-humoral abnormalities of young normotensive women at high familial risk for hypertension. Hypertension Research, 33, 836–843. CrossRefPubMed Ciolac, E. G., Bocchi, E. A., Bortolotto, L. A., Carvalho, V. O., Greve, J. M., & Guimarães, G. V. (2010). Effects of high-intensity aerobic interval training vs. moderate exercise on hemodynamic, metabolic and neuro-humoral abnormalities of young normotensive women at high familial risk for hypertension. Hypertension Research, 33, 836–843. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cleland, V. J., Schmidt, M. D., Dwyer, T., & Venn, A. J. (2008). Television viewing and abdominal obesity in young adults: Is the association mediated by food and beverage consumption during viewing time or reduced leisure-time physical activity? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 87, 1148–1155. PubMed Cleland, V. J., Schmidt, M. D., Dwyer, T., & Venn, A. J. (2008). Television viewing and abdominal obesity in young adults: Is the association mediated by food and beverage consumption during viewing time or reduced leisure-time physical activity? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 87, 1148–1155. PubMed
go back to reference De Feo, P. (2013). Is high-intensity exercise better than moderate-intensity exercise for weight loss? Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 23, 1037–1042. CrossRefPubMed De Feo, P. (2013). Is high-intensity exercise better than moderate-intensity exercise for weight loss? Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 23, 1037–1042. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Drenowatz, C., Hand, G. A., Shook, R. P., Jakicic, J. M., Hebert, J. R., Burgess, S., & Blair, S. N. (2015a). The association between different types of exercise and energy expenditure in young nonoverweight and overweight adults. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 40, 211–217. CrossRef Drenowatz, C., Hand, G. A., Shook, R. P., Jakicic, J. M., Hebert, J. R., Burgess, S., & Blair, S. N. (2015a). The association between different types of exercise and energy expenditure in young nonoverweight and overweight adults. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 40, 211–217. CrossRef
go back to reference Drenowatz, C., Jakicic, J. M., Blair, S. N., & Hand, G. A. (2015b). Differences in correlates of energy balance in normal weight, overweight and obese adults. Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, 9, 592–602. CrossRef Drenowatz, C., Jakicic, J. M., Blair, S. N., & Hand, G. A. (2015b). Differences in correlates of energy balance in normal weight, overweight and obese adults. Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, 9, 592–602. CrossRef
go back to reference Duscha, B. D., Slentz, C. A., Johnson, J. L., Houmard, J. A., Bensimhon, D. R., Knetzger, K. J., & Kraus, W. E. (2005). Effects of exercise training amount and intensity on peak oxygen consumption in middle-age men and women at risk for cardiovascular disease. Chest, 128, 2788–2793. CrossRefPubMed Duscha, B. D., Slentz, C. A., Johnson, J. L., Houmard, J. A., Bensimhon, D. R., Knetzger, K. J., & Kraus, W. E. (2005). Effects of exercise training amount and intensity on peak oxygen consumption in middle-age men and women at risk for cardiovascular disease. Chest, 128, 2788–2793. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Duvivier, B. M., Schaper, N. C., Bremers, M. A., van Crombrugge, G., Menheere, P. P., Kars, M., & Savelberg, H. H. (2013). Minimal intensity physical activity (standing and walking) of longer duration improves insulin action and plasma lipids more than shorter periods of moderate to vigorous exercise (cycling) in sedentary subjects when energy expenditure is comparable. PLoS ONE, 8, e55542. doi: 10.​1371/​journal.​pone.​0055542 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Duvivier, B. M., Schaper, N. C., Bremers, M. A., van Crombrugge, G., Menheere, P. P., Kars, M., & Savelberg, H. H. (2013). Minimal intensity physical activity (standing and walking) of longer duration improves insulin action and plasma lipids more than shorter periods of moderate to vigorous exercise (cycling) in sedentary subjects when energy expenditure is comparable. PLoS ONE, 8, e55542. doi: 10.​1371/​journal.​pone.​0055542 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Gebel, K., Ding, D., Chey, T., Stamatakis, E., Brown, W. J., & Bauman, A. E. (2015). Effect of moderate to vigorous physical activity on all-cause mortality in middle-aged and older Australians. JAMA Internal Medicine, 175, 970–977. CrossRefPubMed Gebel, K., Ding, D., Chey, T., Stamatakis, E., Brown, W. J., & Bauman, A. E. (2015). Effect of moderate to vigorous physical activity on all-cause mortality in middle-aged and older Australians. JAMA Internal Medicine, 175, 970–977. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hägg, S., Fall, T., Ploner, A., Mägi, R., Fischer, K., Draisma, H. H., et al. (2015). Adiposity as a cause of cardiovascular disease: A Mendelian randomization study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 44, 578–586. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Hägg, S., Fall, T., Ploner, A., Mägi, R., Fischer, K., Draisma, H. H., et al. (2015). Adiposity as a cause of cardiovascular disease: A Mendelian randomization study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 44, 578–586. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Hamer, M., & Chida, Y. (2008). Walking and primary prevention: A meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42, 238–243. CrossRefPubMed Hamer, M., & Chida, Y. (2008). Walking and primary prevention: A meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42, 238–243. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hand, G., Shook, R., Paluch, A., Baruth, M., Crowley, P., Jaggers, J., et al. (2013). The Energy Balance Study: The design and baseline results for a longitudinal study of energy balance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84, 275–286. CrossRefPubMed Hand, G., Shook, R., Paluch, A., Baruth, M., Crowley, P., Jaggers, J., et al. (2013). The Energy Balance Study: The design and baseline results for a longitudinal study of energy balance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84, 275–286. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hansen, B. H., Holme, I., Anderssen, S. A., & Kolle, E. (2013). Patterns of objectively measured physical activity in normal weight, overweight, and obese individuals (20–85 years): A cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE, 8, e53044. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Hansen, B. H., Holme, I., Anderssen, S. A., & Kolle, E. (2013). Patterns of objectively measured physical activity in normal weight, overweight, and obese individuals (20–85 years): A cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE, 8, e53044. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Haskell, W. L., Lee, I. M., Pate, R. R., Powell, K. E., Blair, S. N., Franklin, B. A., et al. (2007). Physical activity and public health: Updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39, 1423–1434. CrossRefPubMed Haskell, W. L., Lee, I. M., Pate, R. R., Powell, K. E., Blair, S. N., Franklin, B. A., et al. (2007). Physical activity and public health: Updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39, 1423–1434. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Heinonen, I., Helajärvi, H., Pahkala, K., Heinonen, O. J., Hirvensalo, M., Pälve, K., & Raitakari, O. T. (2013). Sedentary behaviours and obesity in adults: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. BMJ Open, 3, e002901. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Heinonen, I., Helajärvi, H., Pahkala, K., Heinonen, O. J., Hirvensalo, M., Pälve, K., & Raitakari, O. T. (2013). Sedentary behaviours and obesity in adults: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. BMJ Open, 3, e002901. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Irving, B. A., Davis, C. K., Brock, D. W., Weltman, J. Y., Swift, D., Barrett, E. J., et al. (2008). Effect of exercise training intensity on abdominal visceral fat and body composition. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40, 1863–1872. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Irving, B. A., Davis, C. K., Brock, D. W., Weltman, J. Y., Swift, D., Barrett, E. J., et al. (2008). Effect of exercise training intensity on abdominal visceral fat and body composition. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40, 1863–1872. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Keating, S. E., Machan, E. A., O’Connor, H. T., Gerofi, J. A., Sainsbury, A., Caterson, I. D., & Johnson, N. A. (2014). Continuous exercise but not high intensity interval training improves fat distribution in overweight adults. Journal of Obesity, 2014, 834865. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Keating, S. E., Machan, E. A., O’Connor, H. T., Gerofi, J. A., Sainsbury, A., Caterson, I. D., & Johnson, N. A. (2014). Continuous exercise but not high intensity interval training improves fat distribution in overweight adults. Journal of Obesity, 2014, 834865. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Kemmler, W., Scharf, M., Lell, M., Petrasek, C., & von Stengel, S. (2014). High versus moderate intensity running exercise to impact cardiometabolic risk factors: The randomized controlled RUSH-study. BioMed Research International, 2014, 843095. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Kemmler, W., Scharf, M., Lell, M., Petrasek, C., & von Stengel, S. (2014). High versus moderate intensity running exercise to impact cardiometabolic risk factors: The randomized controlled RUSH-study. BioMed Research International, 2014, 843095. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Kessler, H., Sisson, S., & Short, K. (2012). The potential for high-intensity interval training to reduce cardiometabolic disease risk. Sports Medicine, 42, 489–509. CrossRefPubMed Kessler, H., Sisson, S., & Short, K. (2012). The potential for high-intensity interval training to reduce cardiometabolic disease risk. Sports Medicine, 42, 489–509. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Laursen, A. H., Kristiansen, O. P., Marott, J. L., Schnohr, P., & Prescott, E. (2012). Intensity versus duration of physical activity: Implications for the metabolic syndrome. A prospective cohort study. BMJ Open, 2, e001711. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Laursen, A. H., Kristiansen, O. P., Marott, J. L., Schnohr, P., & Prescott, E. (2012). Intensity versus duration of physical activity: Implications for the metabolic syndrome. A prospective cohort study. BMJ Open, 2, e001711. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Lee, C. D., Blair, S. N., & Jackson, A. S. (1999). Cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 69, 373–380. PubMed Lee, C. D., Blair, S. N., & Jackson, A. S. (1999). Cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 69, 373–380. PubMed
go back to reference Little, J. P., Safdar, A., Wilkin, G. P., Tarnopolsky, M. A., & Gibala, M. J. (2010). A practical model of low-volume high-intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: Potential mechanisms. Journal of Physiology, 588, 1011–1022. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Little, J. P., Safdar, A., Wilkin, G. P., Tarnopolsky, M. A., & Gibala, M. J. (2010). A practical model of low-volume high-intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: Potential mechanisms. Journal of Physiology, 588, 1011–1022. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Löllgen, H. (2013). Importance and evidence of regular physical activity for prevention and treatment of diseases. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 138, 2253–2259. CrossRefPubMed Löllgen, H. (2013). Importance and evidence of regular physical activity for prevention and treatment of diseases. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 138, 2253–2259. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Milanović, Z., Sporiš, G., & Weston, M. (2015). Effectiveness of high-intensity interval training (HIT) and continuous endurance training for VO 2max improvements: A systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials. Sports Medicine, 45, 1469–1481. CrossRefPubMed Milanović, Z., Sporiš, G., & Weston, M. (2015). Effectiveness of high-intensity interval training (HIT) and continuous endurance training for VO 2max improvements: A systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials. Sports Medicine, 45, 1469–1481. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nybo, L., Sundstrup, E., Jakobsen, M. D., Mohr, M., Hornstrup, T., Simonsen, L., et al. (2010). High-intensity training versus traditional exercise interventions for promoting health. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42, 1951–1958. CrossRefPubMed Nybo, L., Sundstrup, E., Jakobsen, M. D., Mohr, M., Hornstrup, T., Simonsen, L., et al. (2010). High-intensity training versus traditional exercise interventions for promoting health. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42, 1951–1958. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference O’Donovan, G., Blazevich, A. J., Boreham, C., Cooper, A. R., Crank, H., Ekelund, U., & Stamatakis, E. (2010). The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: A consensus statement from the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28, 573–591. CrossRefPubMed O’Donovan, G., Blazevich, A. J., Boreham, C., Cooper, A. R., Crank, H., Ekelund, U., & Stamatakis, E. (2010). The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: A consensus statement from the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28, 573–591. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ohkawara, K., Tanaka, S., Miyachi, M., Ishikawa-Takata, K., & Tabata, I. (2007). A dose-response relation between aerobic exercise and visceral fat reduction: Systematic review of clinical trials. International Journal of Obesity (London), 31, 1786–1797. CrossRef Ohkawara, K., Tanaka, S., Miyachi, M., Ishikawa-Takata, K., & Tabata, I. (2007). A dose-response relation between aerobic exercise and visceral fat reduction: Systematic review of clinical trials. International Journal of Obesity (London), 31, 1786–1797. CrossRef
go back to reference Pannacciulli, N., Salbe, A. D., Ortega, E., Venti, C. A., Bogardus, C., & Krakoff, J. (2007). The 24-h carbohydrate oxidation rate in a human respiratory chamber predicts ad libitum food intake. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 86, 625–632. PubMedPubMedCentral Pannacciulli, N., Salbe, A. D., Ortega, E., Venti, C. A., Bogardus, C., & Krakoff, J. (2007). The 24-h carbohydrate oxidation rate in a human respiratory chamber predicts ad libitum food intake. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 86, 625–632. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Pattyn, N., Coeckelberghs, E., Buys, R., Cornelissen, V. A., & Vanhees, L. (2014). Aerobic interval training vs. moderate continuous training in coronary artery disease patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 44, 687–700. CrossRefPubMed Pattyn, N., Coeckelberghs, E., Buys, R., Cornelissen, V. A., & Vanhees, L. (2014). Aerobic interval training vs. moderate continuous training in coronary artery disease patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 44, 687–700. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee. (2008). Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report, 2008. Washigton, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee. (2008). Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report, 2008. Washigton, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
go back to reference Pomerleau, M., Imbeault, P., Parker, T., & Doucet, E. (2004). Effects of exercise intensity on food intake and appetite in women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 80, 1230–1236. PubMed Pomerleau, M., Imbeault, P., Parker, T., & Doucet, E. (2004). Effects of exercise intensity on food intake and appetite in women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 80, 1230–1236. PubMed
go back to reference Proper, K. I., Singh, A. S., van Mechelen, W., & Chinapaw, M. J. (2011). Sedentary behaviors and health outcomes among adults: A systematic review of prospective studies. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 40, 174–182. CrossRefPubMed Proper, K. I., Singh, A. S., van Mechelen, W., & Chinapaw, M. J. (2011). Sedentary behaviors and health outcomes among adults: A systematic review of prospective studies. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 40, 174–182. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ramos, J. S., Dalleck, L. C., Tjonna, A. E., Beetham, K. S., & Coombes, J. S. (2015). The impact of high-intensity interval training versus moderate-intensity continuous training on vascular function: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 45, 679–692. CrossRefPubMed Ramos, J. S., Dalleck, L. C., Tjonna, A. E., Beetham, K. S., & Coombes, J. S. (2015). The impact of high-intensity interval training versus moderate-intensity continuous training on vascular function: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 45, 679–692. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shah, R. V., Murthy, V. L., Colangelo, L. A., Reis, J., Venkatesh, B. A., Sharma, R., et al. (2016). Association of fitness in young adulthood with survival and cardiovascular risk: The coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study. JAMA Internal Medicine, 176, 87–95. CrossRefPubMed Shah, R. V., Murthy, V. L., Colangelo, L. A., Reis, J., Venkatesh, B. A., Sharma, R., et al. (2016). Association of fitness in young adulthood with survival and cardiovascular risk: The coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study. JAMA Internal Medicine, 176, 87–95. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shiroma, E. J., Sesso, H. D., Moorthy, M. V., Buring, J. E., & Lee, I. M. (2014). Do moderate-intensity and vigorous-intensity physical activities reduce mortality rates to the same extent? Journal of the American Heart Association, 3, e000802. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Shiroma, E. J., Sesso, H. D., Moorthy, M. V., Buring, J. E., & Lee, I. M. (2014). Do moderate-intensity and vigorous-intensity physical activities reduce mortality rates to the same extent? Journal of the American Heart Association, 3, e000802. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Slentz, C. A., Duscha, B. D., Johnson, J. L., Ketchum, K., Aiken, L. B., Samsa, G. P., et al. (2004). Effects of the amount of exercise on body weight, body composition, and measures of central obesity: STRRIDE–a randomized controlled study. Archives of Internal Medicine, 164, 31–39. CrossRefPubMed Slentz, C. A., Duscha, B. D., Johnson, J. L., Ketchum, K., Aiken, L. B., Samsa, G. P., et al. (2004). Effects of the amount of exercise on body weight, body composition, and measures of central obesity: STRRIDE–a randomized controlled study. Archives of Internal Medicine, 164, 31–39. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Smith, D. T., Hoetzer, G. L., Greiner, J. J., Stauffer, B. L., & DeSouza, C. A. (2003). Effects of ageing and regular aerobic exercise on endothelial fibrinolytic capacity in humans. Journal of Physiology, 546, 289–298. CrossRefPubMed Smith, D. T., Hoetzer, G. L., Greiner, J. J., Stauffer, B. L., & DeSouza, C. A. (2003). Effects of ageing and regular aerobic exercise on endothelial fibrinolytic capacity in humans. Journal of Physiology, 546, 289–298. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Snitker, S., Larson, D. E., Tataranni, P. A., & Ravussin, E. (1997). Ad libitum food intake in humans after manipulation of glycogen stores. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 65, 941–946. PubMed Snitker, S., Larson, D. E., Tataranni, P. A., & Ravussin, E. (1997). Ad libitum food intake in humans after manipulation of glycogen stores. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 65, 941–946. PubMed
go back to reference Swain, D. P., & Franklin, B. A. (2006). Comparison of cardioprotective benefits of vigorous versus moderate intensity aerobic exercise. American Journal of Cardiology, 97, 141–147. CrossRefPubMed Swain, D. P., & Franklin, B. A. (2006). Comparison of cardioprotective benefits of vigorous versus moderate intensity aerobic exercise. American Journal of Cardiology, 97, 141–147. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Thomas, D. M., Bouchard, C., Church, T., Slentz, C., Kraus, W. E., Redman, L. M., et al. (2012). Why do individuals not lose more weight from an exercise intervention at a defined dose? An energy balance analysis. Obesity Reviews, 13, 835–847. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Thomas, D. M., Bouchard, C., Church, T., Slentz, C., Kraus, W. E., Redman, L. M., et al. (2012). Why do individuals not lose more weight from an exercise intervention at a defined dose? An energy balance analysis. Obesity Reviews, 13, 835–847. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Thomas, D. M., Schoeller, D. A., Redman, L. A., Martin, C. K., Levine, J. A., & Heymsfield, S. B. (2010). A computational model to determine energy intake during weight loss. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 92, 1326–1331. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Thomas, D. M., Schoeller, D. A., Redman, L. A., Martin, C. K., Levine, J. A., & Heymsfield, S. B. (2010). A computational model to determine energy intake during weight loss. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 92, 1326–1331. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Vissers, D., Hens, W., Taeymans, J., Baeyens, J. P., Poortmans, J., & Van Gaal, L. (2013). The effect of exercise on visceral adipose tissue in overweight adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, 8, e56415. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Vissers, D., Hens, W., Taeymans, J., Baeyens, J. P., Poortmans, J., & Van Gaal, L. (2013). The effect of exercise on visceral adipose tissue in overweight adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, 8, e56415. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Welk, G. J., McClain, J. J., Eisenmann, J. C., & Wickel, E. E. (2007). Field validation of the MTI Actigraph and BodyMedia armband monitor using the IDEEA monitor. Obesity (Silver Spring), 15, 918–928. CrossRef Welk, G. J., McClain, J. J., Eisenmann, J. C., & Wickel, E. E. (2007). Field validation of the MTI Actigraph and BodyMedia armband monitor using the IDEEA monitor. Obesity (Silver Spring), 15, 918–928. CrossRef
go back to reference Westerterp, K. R. (1999). Obesity and physical activity. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 23, 59–64. CrossRefPubMed Westerterp, K. R. (1999). Obesity and physical activity. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 23, 59–64. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference World Health Organization. (2009). Global health risks: Mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. Geneva: WHO Press. World Health Organization. (2009). Global health risks: Mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. Geneva: WHO Press.
go back to reference World Health Organization. (2010). Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Geneva: WHO Press. World Health Organization. (2010). Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Geneva: WHO Press.
Metagegevens
Titel
Effects of moderate and vigorous physical activity on fitness and body composition
Auteurs
Clemens Drenowatz
Vivek K. Prasad
Gregory A. Hand
Robin P. Shook
Steven N. Blair
Publicatiedatum
07-04-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 4/2016
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-016-9740-z