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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 11/2015

22-07-2015 | Empirical Research

Does College Matter for Emerging Adulthood? Comparing Developmental Trajectories of Educational Groups

Auteurs: Lauren L. Mitchell, Moin Syed

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 11/2015

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Abstract

Critics of emerging adulthood theory have suggested that it only applies to college students, but this assertion has largely gone untested. The purpose of the present study was to compare developmental trajectories of non-students versus college-educated youth in theoretically relevant domains of work, love, and financial independence. Using data from the Youth Development Study (N = 1139, 49.6 % female, 63.3 % White, 10.9 % Southeast Asian, 1.5 % Other Asian, 8.6 % Black, 5.3 % Mixed Race, 4.0 % Latino, 0.8 % Native American), latent growth curve models were fitted to chart each group’s development, from ages 14 to 30. Different trajectories were revealed for hours worked, children, and financial dependence on parents, spouses, and government aid. No differences were found in employment rates, marriage rates, or financial dependence on own income. These results provide a clearer picture of emerging adulthood for non-students, and highlight problems with generalizing college student research to all emerging adults.
Voetnoten
1
Technically, participants ranged from ages 14–15 in Wave 1 of the survey, and from ages 30–31 in the final wave. Throughout the remainder of the paper, waves are referenced by the youngest age that they include, for the sake of brevity.
 
2
The YDS survey uses the term “Hispanic” rather than “Latino.” However, the term “Hispanic” is considered offensive in some regions. Thus, we have chosen to instead use the more broadly accepted term, “Latino.”
 
3
Because the binary portion of the model has the intercept fixed at zero, the slope of the continuous portion of the model does not match the initial value for number of hours worked.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Does College Matter for Emerging Adulthood? Comparing Developmental Trajectories of Educational Groups
Auteurs
Lauren L. Mitchell
Moin Syed
Publicatiedatum
22-07-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 11/2015
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0330-0

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