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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2021

18-01-2021

Do Childhood Emotional Lability and ADHD Symptoms Have Shared Neuropsychological Roots?

Auteurs: Dagmar Van Liefferinge, Edmund J. S. Sonuga-Barke, Marina Danckaerts, Nady Van Broeck, Saskia van der Oord

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 3/2021

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Abstract

Emotional Lability (EL) is a source of impairment in multiple mental disorders of children, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It has been proposed that the overlap between EL and ADHD symptoms is the result of common neuropsychological deficits. The aim of the present study was to test this hypothesis by using a multi-method approach. In a mixed sample of 61 children (49 community sample and 12 children with an ADHD diagnosis) aged between 8 and 12 years, we examined the relationship between parental reports of ADHD and EL, real-time children’s emotional expressions in an experimental context, children’s performance on neuropsychological tasks and parental ratings of neuropsychological functioning. Parental EL ratings were significantly predicted by task-based reaction time variability and by questionnaire measures of Self-Direction & Organization and Arousal Regulation. Parental EL ratings were also significantly related to both ADHD symptom dimensions. After controlling for shared neuropsychological factors, ADHD symptoms no longer predicted parental EL ratings. Neuropsychological task performance was not significantly related to real time emotional expressions. However, positive emotional expressions were significantly predicted by higher parental ratings of Cognition and negative emotional expressions by parental ratings of low Effort engagement – accounting for some of the correlation with ADHD symptoms. The current results highlight the plausible role of cognitive energetic processes in explaining the EL and ADHD symptom association.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Do Childhood Emotional Lability and ADHD Symptoms Have Shared Neuropsychological Roots?
Auteurs
Dagmar Van Liefferinge
Edmund J. S. Sonuga-Barke
Marina Danckaerts
Nady Van Broeck
Saskia van der Oord
Publicatiedatum
18-01-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 3/2021
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-020-09859-8