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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2021

06-01-2021

Which Emotion Regulation Strategies are Most Associated with Trait Emotion Dysregulation? A Transdiagnostic Examination

Auteurs: Alexander R. Daros, Anthony C. Ruocco

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 3/2021

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Abstract

Although definitions of emotion dysregulation infer difficulties in selecting and implementing emotion regulation (ER) strategies, surprisingly few studies have examined the relationship between trait emotion dysregulation and a wide range of specific ER strategies. The present study used a data-driven approach to assess trait- and state-related ER strategy use in 99 women (aged 18–55) recruited from the community with varying levels of trait emotion dysregulation. Participants completed self-report questionnaires assessing habitual ER strategy implementation and self-ratings of ER strategy use in vivo during negative mood inductions. Principal components analysis revealed four self-report questionnaire-based and three mood-induction-based groupings comprising both optimal and suboptimal strategies. After adjusting for demographic and clinical variables, results from self-report questionnaires indicated that trait emotion dysregulation was significantly associated with higher endorsements of suboptimal strategies in two groupings (e.g., self-criticism, rumination, and social withdrawal; catastrophizing and blaming others) and lower endorsements of optimal ER strategies in one grouping (e.g., cognitive reappraisal and problem solving). In the context of mood induction, trait emotion dysregulation was significantly associated with higher endorsements of suboptimal ER strategies from one cluster only (e.g., expressive suppression, thought avoidance, and self-criticism). Such transdiagnostic, data-driven approaches can uncover how the application of specific ER strategies both habitually and during negative mood states is associated with trait emotion dysregulation.

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Voetnoten
1
The original DERS emphasizes responses to negative emotions, asking participants to often think of times “When I am upset…” and prompting negative affective states such as “ashamed”, “guilty”, and “irritated” suggesting an emphasis on emotion dysregulation in response to negative emotional experiences. Alternate versions address emotion dysregulation in response to positive emotions (Weiss et al. 2015) and current state- versus trait-like experiences in response to negative emotions (Lavender et al. 2017).
 
2
Two participant diagnostic reports could not be completed because of incomplete information and were coded as Diagnosis Deferred.
 
3
These measures were chosen because of an interest in how individuals downregulate negative emotional experiences associated with depression, anxiety, and BPD. We also chose measures that would allow us to assess a diverse range of strategies and coping tactics while also achieving adequate coverage (e.g., full scale or subscale) for the most commonly researched emotion regulation strategies from the affective science literature: cognitive reappraisal, problem-solving, emotional acceptance, thought and expressive suppression, rumination, experiential and behavioral avoidance.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Which Emotion Regulation Strategies are Most Associated with Trait Emotion Dysregulation? A Transdiagnostic Examination
Auteurs
Alexander R. Daros
Anthony C. Ruocco
Publicatiedatum
06-01-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 3/2021
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-020-09864-x