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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2012

01-11-2012 | Original Paper

Disrupted Stimulus Control But Not Reward Sensitivity in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Matching Law Analysis

Auteurs: Phil Reed, Rose Hawthorn, Sam Bolger, Katie Meredith, Ruth Bishop

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2012

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Abstract

The matching law suggests that behavior is emitted in proportion to the level of reinforcement available. The current study investigated this effect in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and focused on the effects of magnitude of reinforcement (Study 1), and rate of reinforcement (Studies 2 and 3), on matching performance. Studies 1 and 2 employed lower functioning children with ASD, and demonstrated matching in both groups, but that the group with ASD displayed greater levels of stimulus bias. Study 3 employed higher functioning children with ASD, and found little evidence of matching, but higher stimulus bias in the group with ASD. These effects suggest a disruption of stimulus control, but not reward sensitivity, in individuals with ASD.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Disrupted Stimulus Control But Not Reward Sensitivity in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Matching Law Analysis
Auteurs
Phil Reed
Rose Hawthorn
Sam Bolger
Katie Meredith
Ruth Bishop
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2012
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1494-z