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26-09-2018 | Original Article

Discomfort Intolerance in Relation to Asthma Outcomes

Tijdschrift:
Cognitive Therapy and Research
Auteurs:
Alison C. McLeish, Kristen M. Kraemer, Emily M. O’Bryan

Abstract

Anxiety symptoms and disorders are common among those with asthma and contribute to poorer health outcomes. Building on work examining anxiety-related cognitive-affective risk factors in asthma, the current study sought to explore associations between discomfort intolerance (i.e., the inability to withstand or tolerate unpleasant bodily sensations) in relation to lung function, asthma control, and quality of life. Participants were 61 adults with asthma (61.9% female; 54.8% African American; Mage = 34.72, SD 13.58) who were administered a self-report assessment battery and a lung function assessment. We found that, above and beyond the effects of anxiety sensitivity-physical concerns, greater discomfort intolerance was significantly associated with poorer lung function (9.5% variance), asthma control (9.9% variance), and overall asthma-related quality of life (11.7% variance) as well as the specific quality of life domains of activity limitations (12.6% variance) and asthma symptoms (6.8% variance). Thus, individuals with asthma who are unable to tolerate physical discomfort may be at risk for poor asthma outcomes and interventions to reduce discomfort intolerance could potentially be useful in this population.

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