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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2014

01-11-2014 | Original Paper

Differences in the Efficiency of Pattern Encoding in Relation to Autistic-Like Traits: An Event-Related Potential Study

Auteurs: Junichi Takahashi, Daichi Yasunaga, Jiro Gyoba

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2014

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Abstract

We examined the effects of complexity on the efficiency of pattern encoding in the general population differing on autism-spectrum quotient (AQ) scores. We compared brain activity (electroencephalography) during a same-different task for High and Low AQ groups. The task was composed of identical comparison and categorical comparison (CC) conditions that presented simple or complex patterns. In the CC condition, the Low AQ showed large P3b amplitudes with simple patterns than with complex patterns, whereas the High AQ showed the same amplitude levels for these patterns. These indicate that, similar to simple patterns, complex patterns are efficiently encoded in the High AQ. Moreover, the High AQ had no impairment in the global pattern encoding compared with the Low AQ.
Voetnoten
1
With regards to the eliminated trials in each condition, the mean average for the High AQ group was 66.77 (SD = 7.26) in the IC condition of ESS-4, 67.32 (4.82) in the IC condition of ESS-8, 65.91 (5.58) in the CC condition of ESS-4, and 67.64 (4.03) in the CC condition of ESS-8 respectively. For the Low AQ group, the mean average was 56.36 (14.17) in the IC condition of ESS-4, 58.95 (12.84) in the IC condition of ESS-8, 62.82 (7.59) in the CC condition of ESS-4, and 64.14 (5.23) in the CC condition of ESS-8 trials.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Differences in the Efficiency of Pattern Encoding in Relation to Autistic-Like Traits: An Event-Related Potential Study
Auteurs
Junichi Takahashi
Daichi Yasunaga
Jiro Gyoba
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2150-6