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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2014

01-11-2014 | Original Paper

Associations Between Conceptual Reasoning, Problem Solving, and Adaptive Ability in High-functioning Autism

Auteurs: Diane L. Williams, Carla A. Mazefsky, Jon D. Walker, Nancy J. Minshew, Gerald Goldstein

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2014

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Abstract

Abstract thinking is generally highly correlated with problem-solving ability which is predictive of better adaptive functioning. Measures of conceptual reasoning, an ecologically-valid laboratory measure of problem-solving, and a report measure of adaptive functioning in the natural environment, were administered to children and adults with and without autism. The individuals with autism had weaker conceptual reasoning ability than individuals with typical development of similar age and cognitive ability. For the autism group, their flexible thinking scores were significantly correlated with laboratory measures of strategy formation and rule shifting and with reported overall adaptive behavior but not socialization scores. Therefore, in autism, flexibility of thought is potentially more important for adaptive functioning in the natural environment than conceptual reasoning or problem-solving.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Associations Between Conceptual Reasoning, Problem Solving, and Adaptive Ability in High-functioning Autism
Auteurs
Diane L. Williams
Carla A. Mazefsky
Jon D. Walker
Nancy J. Minshew
Gerald Goldstein
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2190-y