Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between coping strategies and subjective well-being (SWB) among people living with HIV (PLWH) using the latent profile analysis (LPA) with control for socio-medical covariates.
The sample comprised five hundred and thirty people (N = 530) with a confirmed diagnosis of HIV+. The study was cross-sectional with SWB operationalized by satisfaction with life (Satisfaction with Life Scale) and positive and negative affect (PANAS-X). Coping with stress was measured by the Brief COPE Inventory, enriched by several items that assessed rumination and enhancement of positive emotional states. Additionally, the relevant socio-medical variables were collected.
The one-step model of LPA revealed the following: (1) a solution with five different coping profiles suited the data best; (2) socio-medical covariates, except for education, were not related to the profiles’ membership. Further analysis with SWB as a distal outcome showed that higher intensity coping profiles have significantly worse SWB when compared with lower intensity coping profiles. However, the lowest SWB was noted for mixed intensity coping profile (high adaptive/low maladaptive).
The person-centered approach adopted in this study informs about the heterogeneity of disease-related coping among PLWH and its possible reactive character, as the highest SWB was observed among participants with the lowest intensity of coping.
Weaver, K., Antoni, M., Lechner, S., Dura, R., Penendo, F., & Fernandez, M. (2004). Perceived stress mediates the effects of coping on the quality of life in HIV-positive women on highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS and Behavior, 8, 175–183. doi: 10.1023/B:AIBE.0000030248.52063.11. CrossRefPubMed
Sandler, I. N., Wolchik, S. A., MacKinnon, D., Ayers, T. S., & Roosa, M. W. (1997). Developing linkages between theory and intervention in stress and coping processes. In S. A. Wolchik & I. N. Sandler (Eds.), Handbook of children’s coping: Linking theory, research, and intervention (pp. 3–40). New York: Plenum Press. CrossRef
Krohne, H. W. (1993). Vigilance and cognitive avoidance as concepts in coping research. In H. W. Krohne (Ed.), Attention and avoidance: Strategies in coping with aversiveness (pp. 19–50). Seattle, WA: Hogrefe & Huber.
Seligman, M. E. P. (2011). Flourish—a new understanding of happiness and well-being—and how to achieve them. London: Nicholas Brealey Publishing.
Stiglitz, J., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J. P. (2009). Report by the commission on the measurement of economic performance and social progress.
Steptoe, A., Deaton, A., & Stone, A. (2015). Subjective wellbeing, health, and ageing. Lancet, 14, 640–648. CrossRef
Diener, E. (2009). Subjective well-being. In E. Diener (Ed.), The science of well-being (pp. 11–58). New York: Springer. CrossRef
Michaelson, J., Abdallah, S., Steuer, N., Thompson, S., & Marks, N. (2009). National accounts of well-being: Bringing real wealth onto the balance sheet. London: New Economics Foundation.
Deeks, S., Lewin, S., & Havlir, D. (2013). The end of AIDS: HIV infection as a chronic disease. Lancet. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61809-7.
Samji, H., Cescon, A., Hogg, R., Modur, S., & Althoff, K. (2013). Closing the gap: Increases in life expectancy among treated HIV-positive individuals in the United States and Canada. PLoS ONE, 18, 144–156. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081355.
Jayarajan, N., & Prabha, S. (2010). HIV and mental health: An overview of research from India. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 16, 23–39. doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.69245.
Bogart, L., Wagner, G., Galvan, F., Landrine, H., & Klein, D. (2011). Perceived discrimination and mental health symptoms among black men with HIV. Cultural diversity and ethnic minority. Psychology, 17, 295–302. doi: 10.1037/a0024056.
Pacella, M., Armelie, A., Boarts, J., Wagner, G., Jones, T., Feny, N., et al. (2012). The impact of prolonged exposure on PTSD symptoms and associated psychopathology in people living with HIV: A randomized test of concept. AIDS and Behavior, 16, 1327–1340. doi: 10.1007/s10461-011-0076-y. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Gruszczyńska, E., & Knoll, N. (2015). Meaning-focused coping, pain, and affect: A diary study of hospitalized women with rheumatoid arthritis. Quality Of Life Research: An International Journal Of Quality Of Life Aspects Of Treatment, Care & Rehabilitation, 24, 2873–2883. doi: 10.1007/s11136-015-1031-6. CrossRef
Vermunt, J. K. (2010). Latent class modelling with covariates: Two improved three-step approaches. Political Analysis, 18, 450–469. CrossRef
Tofghi, D., & Enders, C. K. (2007). Identifying the correct number of classes in mixture models. In G. R. Hancock & K. M. Samulelsen (Eds.), Advances in latent variable mixture models (pp. 317–341). Greenwich, CT: Information Age.
McLachlan, G. J., & Peel, D. (2000). Finite mixture models. New York: Wiley. CrossRef
Asparouhov, T., & Muthén, B. (2014). Variable- specific entropy contribution. Retrieved from https://www.statmodel.com/download/UnivariateEntropy.pdf.
Vermunt, J. K., & Magidson, J. (2004). Latent class analysis. In M. S. Lewis-Beck, A. Bryman, & T. F. Liao (Eds.), The sage encyclopedia of social sciences research methods (pp. 549–553). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Vermunt, J. K., & Magidson, J. (2016). Technical guide for latent GOLD 5.1: Basic, advanced, and syntax. Belmont, MA: Statistical Innovations Inc.
Armon, C., & Lichtenstein, K. (2012). The associations among coping, nadir CD4 + T-cell count, and non-HIV-related variables with health-related quality of life among an ambulatory HIV-positive patient population. Quality of Life Research, 21, 993–1003. doi: 10.1007/s11136-011-0017. CrossRefPubMed
Preau, M., Marcellin, F., Carrieri, M., Lert, F., Obadia, Y., & Spire, B. (2007). Health-related quality of life in French people living with HIV in 2003: Results from the national ANRS-EN12-VESPA Study. AIDS, 21, 19–27. CrossRef
Söllner, W., Maislinger, S., DeVries, D., Steixner, E., Rumpold, G., & Lukas, P. (2000). Use of complementary and alternative medicine by cancer patients is not associated with perceived distress or poor compliance with standard treatment but with active coping behavior. Cancer, 89, 873–880. CrossRefPubMed
Ashton, E., Vosvick, M., Chesney, M., Gore-Felton, C., Koopman, C., O’Shea, K., et al. (2005). Social support and maladaptive coping as predictors of the change in physical health symptoms among persons living with HIV/AIDS. AIDS Patient Care STDS, 19, 587–598. doi: 10.1089/apc.2005.19.587. CrossRefPubMed
Gore-Felton, C., Koopman, C., Turner-Cobb, J. M., Duran, R. E., Israelski, D., & Spiegel, D. (2002). The influence of social support, coping, and mood on sexual risk behavior among HIV-positive men and women. Journal of Health Psychology, 7, 713–722. doi: 10.1177/1359105302007006874. CrossRefPubMed
- Coping profiles and subjective well-being among people living with HIV: less intensive coping corresponds with better well-being
- Springer International Publishing