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29-06-2017 | Uitgave 10/2017

Quality of Life Research 10/2017

The prevalence and pattern of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy among women with breast cancer receiving care in a large community oncology practice

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 10/2017
Auteurs:
Natalie B. Simon, Michael A. Danso, Thomas A. Alberico, Ethan Basch, Antonia V. Bennett

Abstract

Purpose

To describe the prevalence, severity, and risk factors of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) and its impact on function and quality of life (QOL) among women treated for breast cancer in a large U.S. Community Oncology practice.

Methods

Women previously treated with taxane-based chemotherapy for early-stage breast cancer completed the EORTC QLQ–C30, QLQ–BR23, and QLQ–CIPN20. Subscales are scored 0–100; higher scores indicate greater symptom severity. Pre-specified hypotheses were tested.

Results

126 women with mean age 56.7 years (SD 11.8) were stage I–II (79.4%) or stage III (20.6%) at the time of the survey; 65.1% were White and 27.8% were Black or African American. The mean time since last taxane chemotherapy cycle was 144.9 weeks (SD 112.9). 73.0% reported having CIPN. QLQ–CIPN20 mean scores for the sensory, motor, and autonomic subscales were 18.9 (SD 23.1), 18.6 (SD 18.7), and 17.1 (SD 21.8), respectively. CIPN symptom severity was negatively correlated with global health status/QOL and physical and role functioning (range of r = −0.46 to −0.72). It was not associated with age, body mass index, diabetes, or cumulative taxane dosage, but was greater for Black or African American women (e.g., sensory, p < 0.002). CIPN sensory impairment was marginally greater for patients treated with paclitaxel compared to docetaxel (p < 0.064).

Conclusions

CIPN was prevalent in this community oncology practice and significantly impacts function and QOL. These data highlight the importance of developing methods to mitigate CIPN, and for screening for CIPN particularly among Black or African American women.

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