Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

17-01-2020 | Original Article

Comparing Mindfulness and Positivity Trainings in High-Demand Cohorts

Auteurs: Amishi P. Jha, Anthony P. Zanesco, Ekaterina Denkova, Joshua Rooks, Alexandra B. Morrison, Elizabeth A. Stanley

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 2/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Attention and working memory are at risk of degradation over intensive intervals in groups engaged in highly demanding jobs. Accordingly, there is great interest in identifying training regimes to promote cognitive resilience in such populations. Herein, US Army Soldiers were assigned to either an 8-week, 16-h mindfulness training (MT) program (n = 40) or to a well-matched active comparison program involving positivity training (PT, n = 40), during an intensive interval of predeployment training. Working memory (WM) and sustained attention task performance, as well as self-reported positive and negative trait affect, were assessed at study onset (T1) and at the end of the MT/PT program interval (T2). Positive and negative trait affect did not change over time or differ across training groups. Yet, overall decline in cognitive task performance was observed from T1 to T2. Importantly, the MT group demonstrated significantly less decline in cognitive task performance relative to the PT group, suggesting better protection from cognitive degradation over time. Based on these results, we argue that MT should be further explored as a cognitive resilience-building tool in high-demand cohorts.
Voetnoten
1
Although it was not an outcome measure of central interest, we examined mean reaction time of correct trials for completeness. Response times for correct trials were slower over time, F(1, 66) = 5.80, p = .019, but did not differ among groups, F(1, 78) = 1.99, p = .162, and there was no significant interaction of time and group, F(1, 66) = 2.20, p = .142.
 
2
We also examined mean reaction time of correct non-target trials for completeness. Response times for non-target trials did not change over time, F(1, 63) = 2.16, p = .147, did not differ among groups, F(1, 77) = 0.01, p = .966, and there was no significant interaction of time and group, F(1, 63) = 2.27, p = .137.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Adler, A. B., Bliese, P. D., McGurk, D., Hoge, C. W., & Castro, C. A. (2009). Battlemind debriefing and battlemind training as early interventions with soldiers returning from Iraq: Randomization by platoon. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,77(5), 928–940. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016877.CrossRefPubMed Adler, A. B., Bliese, P. D., McGurk, D., Hoge, C. W., & Castro, C. A. (2009). Battlemind debriefing and battlemind training as early interventions with soldiers returning from Iraq: Randomization by platoon. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,77(5), 928–940. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0016877.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bolton, E., Litz, B., Britt, T., Adler, A., & Roemer, L. (2001). Reports of prior exposure to potentially traumatic events and PTSD in troops poised for deployment. Journal of Traumatic Stress,14(1), 249–256.CrossRef Bolton, E., Litz, B., Britt, T., Adler, A., & Roemer, L. (2001). Reports of prior exposure to potentially traumatic events and PTSD in troops poised for deployment. Journal of Traumatic Stress,14(1), 249–256.CrossRef
go back to reference Deuster, P. A., & Schoomaker, E. (2015). Mindfulness: A fundamental skill for performance sustainment and enhancement. Journal of Special Operations Medicine,15(1), 93–99.PubMed Deuster, P. A., & Schoomaker, E. (2015). Mindfulness: A fundamental skill for performance sustainment and enhancement. Journal of Special Operations Medicine,15(1), 93–99.PubMed
go back to reference Eidelson, R., & Soldz, S. (2012). Does comprehensive soldier fitness work: CSF research fails the test. Working paper number 1. Bala Cynwyd, PA : Coalition for an Ethical Psychology. Eidelson, R., & Soldz, S. (2012). Does comprehensive soldier fitness work: CSF research fails the test. Working paper number 1. Bala Cynwyd, PA : Coalition for an Ethical Psychology.
go back to reference Fredrickson, B. L. (2009). Positivity: Groundbreaking research reveals how to embrace the hidden strength of positive emotions, overcome negativity, and thrive. New York: Crown Publishing Group. Fredrickson, B. L. (2009). Positivity: Groundbreaking research reveals how to embrace the hidden strength of positive emotions, overcome negativity, and thrive. New York: Crown Publishing Group.
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (2013). Full catastrophe living (revised edition): Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York: Bantam Books. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2013). Full catastrophe living (revised edition): Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York: Bantam Books.
go back to reference Larsen, K. L., & Stanley, E. A. (2018). Conclusion: the way forward. In K. Hendricks Thomas & D. Albright (Eds.), Bulletproofing the psyche: Preventing mental health problems in our military and veterans (pp. 233–253). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger Books. Larsen, K. L., & Stanley, E. A. (2018). Conclusion: the way forward. In K. Hendricks Thomas & D. Albright (Eds.), Bulletproofing the psyche: Preventing mental health problems in our military and veterans (pp. 233–253). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger Books.
go back to reference Larsen, K. L., & Stanley, E. A. (2019). Mindfulness-based mind fitness training: Mindfulness training for high-stress and trauma-sensitive contexts. In I. Ivtzan (Ed.), The handbook of mindfulness-based programs: Mindfulness interventions from education to health and therapy (pp. 53–63). New York: Routledge.CrossRef Larsen, K. L., & Stanley, E. A. (2019). Mindfulness-based mind fitness training: Mindfulness training for high-stress and trauma-sensitive contexts. In I. Ivtzan (Ed.), The handbook of mindfulness-based programs: Mindfulness interventions from education to health and therapy (pp. 53–63). New York: Routledge.CrossRef
go back to reference MacDonald, C., Chamberlain, K., Long, N., Pereira-Laird, J., & Mirfin, K. (1998). Mental health, physical health, and stressors reported by New Zealand Defense Force peacekeepers: A longitudinal study. Military Medicine,163(7), 477–481.CrossRefPubMed MacDonald, C., Chamberlain, K., Long, N., Pereira-Laird, J., & Mirfin, K. (1998). Mental health, physical health, and stressors reported by New Zealand Defense Force peacekeepers: A longitudinal study. Military Medicine,163(7), 477–481.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Meredith, L., Sherbourne, S., Gaillot, S., Hansell, L., Ritschard, H., Parker, A., et al. (2011). Promoting psychological resilience in the U.S. military. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation. Meredith, L., Sherbourne, S., Gaillot, S., Hansell, L., Ritschard, H., Parker, A., et al. (2011). Promoting psychological resilience in the U.S. military. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.
go back to reference Ogden, P., & Fisher, J. (2015). Sensorimotor psychotherapy: Interventions for trauma and attachment. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. Ogden, P., & Fisher, J. (2015). Sensorimotor psychotherapy: Interventions for trauma and attachment. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
go back to reference Rooks, J. D., Morrison, A. B., Goolsarran, M., Rogers, S. L., & Jha, A. P. (2017). “We are talking about practice”: The influence of mindfulness vs. relaxation training on athletes’ attention and well-being over high-demand intervals. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 1(2), 141–153. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41465-017-0016-5.CrossRef Rooks, J. D., Morrison, A. B., Goolsarran, M., Rogers, S. L., & Jha, A. P. (2017). “We are talking about practice”: The influence of mindfulness vs. relaxation training on athletes’ attention and well-being over high-demand intervals. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 1(2), 141–153. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s41465-017-0016-5.CrossRef
go back to reference Stanley, E. A. (2014). Mindfulness-based Mind Fitness Training (MMFT): An approach for enhancing performance and building resilience in high-stress contexts. In C. T. N. A. Le & E. J. Langer (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of mindfulness (pp. 964–985). London: Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118294895.ch50.CrossRef Stanley, E. A. (2014). Mindfulness-based Mind Fitness Training (MMFT): An approach for enhancing performance and building resilience in high-stress contexts. In C. T. N. A. Le & E. J. Langer (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of mindfulness (pp. 964–985). London: Wiley-Blackwell. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​9781118294895.​ch50.CrossRef
go back to reference Tanielan, T., & Jaycox, L. (2008). Invisible wounds of war: Psychological and cognitive injuries, their consequences, and services to assist recovery. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation. Tanielan, T., & Jaycox, L. (2008). Invisible wounds of war: Psychological and cognitive injuries, their consequences, and services to assist recovery. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.
go back to reference Zanesco, A. P., King, B. G., MacLean, K. A., Jacobs, T. L., Aichele, S. R., Wallace, B. A., et al. (2016). Meditation training influences mind wandering and mindless reading. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice,3(1), 12–33. https://doi.org/10.1037/cns0000082.CrossRef Zanesco, A. P., King, B. G., MacLean, K. A., Jacobs, T. L., Aichele, S. R., Wallace, B. A., et al. (2016). Meditation training influences mind wandering and mindless reading. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice,3(1), 12–33. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​cns0000082.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Comparing Mindfulness and Positivity Trainings in High-Demand Cohorts
Auteurs
Amishi P. Jha
Anthony P. Zanesco
Ekaterina Denkova
Joshua Rooks
Alexandra B. Morrison
Elizabeth A. Stanley
Publicatiedatum
17-01-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 2/2020
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10076-6

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2020

Cognitive Therapy and Research 2/2020 Naar de uitgave