Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 1/2016

17-04-2015 | Original Article

Clinical Characteristics of Pediatric Trichotillomania: Comparisons with Obsessive–Compulsive and Tic Disorders

Auteurs: Michelle Rozenman, Tara S. Peris, Araceli Gonzalez, John Piacentini

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 1/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This study compared youth ages 5–17 years with a primary diagnosis of trichotillomania (TTM, n = 30) to those with primary OCD (n = 30) and tic disorder (n = 29) on demographic characteristics, internalizing, and externalizing symptoms. Findings suggest that youth with primary TTM score more comparably to youth with tics than those with OCD on internalizing and externalizing symptom measures. Compared to the OCD group, youth in the TTM group reported lower levels of anxiety and depression. Parents of youth in the TTM group also reported fewer internalizing, externalizing, attention, and thought problems than those in the OCD group. Youth with TTM did not significantly differ from those with primary Tic disorders on any measure. Findings suggest that pediatric TTM may be more similar to pediatric tic disorders than pediatric OCD on anxiety, depression, and global internalizing and externalizing problems.
Literatuur
1.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edn. Washington, DC American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edn. Washington, DC
2.
go back to reference Christenson GA, Pyle RL, Mitchell JE (1991) Estimated lifetime prevalence of trichotillomania in college students. J Clin Psychiatry 52:415–417 PubMed Christenson GA, Pyle RL, Mitchell JE (1991) Estimated lifetime prevalence of trichotillomania in college students. J Clin Psychiatry 52:415–417 PubMed
3.
go back to reference King RA, Zohar AH, Ratzoni G, Binder M, Kron S, Dycian A et al (1995) An epidemiological study of trichotillomania in Israeli adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 34:1212–1215 PubMedCrossRef King RA, Zohar AH, Ratzoni G, Binder M, Kron S, Dycian A et al (1995) An epidemiological study of trichotillomania in Israeli adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 34:1212–1215 PubMedCrossRef
4.
go back to reference Woods DW, Flessner CA, Franklin ME, Keuthen NJ, Goodwin RD, Stein DJ et al (2006) The Trichotillomania Impact Project (TIP): exploring phenomenology, functional impairment, and treatment utilization. J Clin Psychiatry 67:1877–1888 PubMedCrossRef Woods DW, Flessner CA, Franklin ME, Keuthen NJ, Goodwin RD, Stein DJ et al (2006) The Trichotillomania Impact Project (TIP): exploring phenomenology, functional impairment, and treatment utilization. J Clin Psychiatry 67:1877–1888 PubMedCrossRef
5.
go back to reference Diefenbach GJ, Tolin DF, Hannan S, Crocetto J, Worhunsky P (2005) Trichotillomania: impact on psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Behav Res Ther 43:869–884 PubMedCrossRef Diefenbach GJ, Tolin DF, Hannan S, Crocetto J, Worhunsky P (2005) Trichotillomania: impact on psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Behav Res Ther 43:869–884 PubMedCrossRef
6.
go back to reference Hanna GL (1997) Trichotillomania and related disorders in children and adolescents. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 27:255–268 PubMedCrossRef Hanna GL (1997) Trichotillomania and related disorders in children and adolescents. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 27:255–268 PubMedCrossRef
7.
go back to reference Gj D, Mouton-Odum S, Stanley MA (2002) Affective correlates of trichotillomania. Behav Res Ther 40:1305–1315 CrossRef Gj D, Mouton-Odum S, Stanley MA (2002) Affective correlates of trichotillomania. Behav Res Ther 40:1305–1315 CrossRef
8.
go back to reference du Toit PL, van Kradenburg J, Niehaus DJ, Stein DJ (2001) Characteristics and phenomenology of hair-pulling: an exploration of subtypes. Compr Psychiatry 42:247–256 PubMedCrossRef du Toit PL, van Kradenburg J, Niehaus DJ, Stein DJ (2001) Characteristics and phenomenology of hair-pulling: an exploration of subtypes. Compr Psychiatry 42:247–256 PubMedCrossRef
9.
go back to reference Swedo SE, Rapoport JC (1991) Trichotillomania. J Child Psychol Psychiatry Allied Discip 32:401–409 CrossRef Swedo SE, Rapoport JC (1991) Trichotillomania. J Child Psychol Psychiatry Allied Discip 32:401–409 CrossRef
11.
go back to reference Mancini C, Van Ameringen M, Patterson B, Simpson W, Truong C (2009) Trichotillomania in youth: a retrospective case series. Depress Anxiety 26:661–665 PubMedCrossRef Mancini C, Van Ameringen M, Patterson B, Simpson W, Truong C (2009) Trichotillomania in youth: a retrospective case series. Depress Anxiety 26:661–665 PubMedCrossRef
12.
go back to reference Reeve E (1999) Hair-pulling in children and adolescents. In: Stein DJ, Christenson GA, Hollander E (eds) Trichotillomania. American Psychiatric Press, Washington DC, pp 201–224 Reeve E (1999) Hair-pulling in children and adolescents. In: Stein DJ, Christenson GA, Hollander E (eds) Trichotillomania. American Psychiatric Press, Washington DC, pp 201–224
13.
go back to reference Walther MR, Snorrason I, Flessner CA, Franklin ME, Burkel R, Woods DW (2014) The trichotillomania impact project in young children (TIP-YC): clinical characteristics, comorbidity, functional impairment and treatment utilization. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 45:24–31 PubMedCrossRef Walther MR, Snorrason I, Flessner CA, Franklin ME, Burkel R, Woods DW (2014) The trichotillomania impact project in young children (TIP-YC): clinical characteristics, comorbidity, functional impairment and treatment utilization. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 45:24–31 PubMedCrossRef
14.
go back to reference Chang CH, Lee MB, Chiang YC, Lu YC (1991) Trichotillomania: a clinical study of 36 patients. J Formos Med Assoc 90:176–180 PubMed Chang CH, Lee MB, Chiang YC, Lu YC (1991) Trichotillomania: a clinical study of 36 patients. J Formos Med Assoc 90:176–180 PubMed
15.
go back to reference Odlaug BL, Chamberlain SR, Harvanko AM, Grant JE (2012) Age at onset in trichotillomania: clinical variables and neurocognitive performance. Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 14:PCC.12m01343 PubMedPubMedCentral Odlaug BL, Chamberlain SR, Harvanko AM, Grant JE (2012) Age at onset in trichotillomania: clinical variables and neurocognitive performance. Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 14:PCC.12m01343 PubMedPubMedCentral
16.
go back to reference Swedo SE, Leonard HE, Lenane MC, Rettew DC (1992) Trichotillomania: a profile of the disorder from infancy through adulthood. Int Peds 7:144–150 Swedo SE, Leonard HE, Lenane MC, Rettew DC (1992) Trichotillomania: a profile of the disorder from infancy through adulthood. Int Peds 7:144–150
17.
go back to reference Flessner CA, Lochner C, Stein DJ, Woods DW, Franklin ME, Keuthen NJ (2010) Age of onset of trichotillomania symptoms: investigating clinical correlates. J Nerv Ment Dis 198:896–900 PubMedCrossRef Flessner CA, Lochner C, Stein DJ, Woods DW, Franklin ME, Keuthen NJ (2010) Age of onset of trichotillomania symptoms: investigating clinical correlates. J Nerv Ment Dis 198:896–900 PubMedCrossRef
18.
go back to reference Reeve EA, Bernsten DA, Christenson GA (1992) Clinical characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity in children with trichotillomania. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 31:132–138 PubMedCrossRef Reeve EA, Bernsten DA, Christenson GA (1992) Clinical characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity in children with trichotillomania. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 31:132–138 PubMedCrossRef
19.
go back to reference Tolin DF, Franklin ME, Diefenbach GJ, Anderson E, Meunier SA (2007) Pediatric trichotillomania: descriptive psychopathology and an open trial of cognitive behavioral therapy. Cogn Behav Ther 36:129–144 PubMedCrossRef Tolin DF, Franklin ME, Diefenbach GJ, Anderson E, Meunier SA (2007) Pediatric trichotillomania: descriptive psychopathology and an open trial of cognitive behavioral therapy. Cogn Behav Ther 36:129–144 PubMedCrossRef
20.
go back to reference Panza KE, Pittenger C, Bloch MH (2013) Age and gender correlates of pulling in pediatric trichotillomania. J Am Acad Child Adolsc Psychiatry 52:241–249 CrossRef Panza KE, Pittenger C, Bloch MH (2013) Age and gender correlates of pulling in pediatric trichotillomania. J Am Acad Child Adolsc Psychiatry 52:241–249 CrossRef
21.
go back to reference Lewin AB, Piacentini J, Flessner CA, Woods DW, Franklin ME, Keuthen NJ et al (2009) Depression, anxiety, and functional impairment in children with trichotillomania. Depress Anxiety 26:521–527 PubMed Lewin AB, Piacentini J, Flessner CA, Woods DW, Franklin ME, Keuthen NJ et al (2009) Depression, anxiety, and functional impairment in children with trichotillomania. Depress Anxiety 26:521–527 PubMed
22.
go back to reference Stein DJ, Grant JE, Franklin ME, Jeuthen N, Lochner C, Singer HS et al (2010) Trichotillomania (hair pulling disorder), skin picking disorder, and stereotypic movement disorder: toward DSM-V. Depress Anxiety 27:611–626 PubMedCrossRef Stein DJ, Grant JE, Franklin ME, Jeuthen N, Lochner C, Singer HS et al (2010) Trichotillomania (hair pulling disorder), skin picking disorder, and stereotypic movement disorder: toward DSM-V. Depress Anxiety 27:611–626 PubMedCrossRef
23.
go back to reference Flessner CA (2011) Cognitive behavior therapy for childhood repetitive behavior disorders: tic disorders and trichotillomania. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Clin N Am 20:319–328 CrossRef Flessner CA (2011) Cognitive behavior therapy for childhood repetitive behavior disorders: tic disorders and trichotillomania. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Clin N Am 20:319–328 CrossRef
24.
go back to reference McGuire JF, Kugler BB, Park JM, Horng B, Lewin AB, Murphy TK et al (2012) Evidence-based assessment of compulsive skin picking, chronic tic disorders and trichotillomania in children. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 43:855–883 PubMedCrossRef McGuire JF, Kugler BB, Park JM, Horng B, Lewin AB, Murphy TK et al (2012) Evidence-based assessment of compulsive skin picking, chronic tic disorders and trichotillomania in children. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 43:855–883 PubMedCrossRef
25.
go back to reference Ferrao YA, Miguel E, Stein DJ (2009) Tourette’s syndrome, trichotillomania, and obsessive-compulsive disorder: how closely are they related? Psychiatry Res 30:32–42 CrossRef Ferrao YA, Miguel E, Stein DJ (2009) Tourette’s syndrome, trichotillomania, and obsessive-compulsive disorder: how closely are they related? Psychiatry Res 30:32–42 CrossRef
26.
go back to reference Stanley MA, Swann AC, Bowers TC, Davis ML, Taylor DJ (1992) A comparison of clinical features in trichotillomania and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Behav Res Ther 30:39–44 PubMedCrossRef Stanley MA, Swann AC, Bowers TC, Davis ML, Taylor DJ (1992) A comparison of clinical features in trichotillomania and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Behav Res Ther 30:39–44 PubMedCrossRef
27.
28.
go back to reference Himle JA, Bordnick PS, Thyer BA (1995) A comparison of trichotillomania and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychopathol Behav Assess 17:251–260 CrossRef Himle JA, Bordnick PS, Thyer BA (1995) A comparison of trichotillomania and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychopathol Behav Assess 17:251–260 CrossRef
29.
go back to reference Lochner C, Seedad S, du Toit PL, Nel DG, Niehaus DJH, Sandler R, Stein DJ (2005) Obsessive-compulsive disorder and trichotillomania: a phenomenological comparison. BMC Psychiatry 5:1–9 CrossRef Lochner C, Seedad S, du Toit PL, Nel DG, Niehaus DJH, Sandler R, Stein DJ (2005) Obsessive-compulsive disorder and trichotillomania: a phenomenological comparison. BMC Psychiatry 5:1–9 CrossRef
30.
go back to reference Diefenbach GJ, Reitman D, Williamson DA (2000) Trichotillomania: a challenge to research and practice. Clin Psychiatry Rev 20:289–309 CrossRef Diefenbach GJ, Reitman D, Williamson DA (2000) Trichotillomania: a challenge to research and practice. Clin Psychiatry Rev 20:289–309 CrossRef
31.
go back to reference Christenson GA, Mansueto CS (1999) Trichotillomania: descriptive characteristics and phenomenology. In: Stein DJ, Christenson GA, Hollander E (eds) Trichotillomania. American Psychiatric Press, Washington DC, pp 1–41 Christenson GA, Mansueto CS (1999) Trichotillomania: descriptive characteristics and phenomenology. In: Stein DJ, Christenson GA, Hollander E (eds) Trichotillomania. American Psychiatric Press, Washington DC, pp 1–41
32.
go back to reference Meunier SA, Tolin DF, Franklin ME (2009) Affective and sensory correlates of hair pulling in pediatric trichotillomania. Behav Mod 33:396–407 CrossRef Meunier SA, Tolin DF, Franklin ME (2009) Affective and sensory correlates of hair pulling in pediatric trichotillomania. Behav Mod 33:396–407 CrossRef
33.
go back to reference Bloch MH (2009) Trichotillomania across the life span. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:879–883 PubMedCrossRef Bloch MH (2009) Trichotillomania across the life span. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 48:879–883 PubMedCrossRef
34.
go back to reference Elliot AJ, Fuqua RW (2001) Behavioral interventions for trichotillomania. In: Woods DW, Miltenberger RG (eds) Tic disorders, trichotillomania, and other repetitive behavior disorders: behavior approaches to analysis and treatment. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, pp 171–196 Elliot AJ, Fuqua RW (2001) Behavioral interventions for trichotillomania. In: Woods DW, Miltenberger RG (eds) Tic disorders, trichotillomania, and other repetitive behavior disorders: behavior approaches to analysis and treatment. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, pp 171–196
35.
go back to reference Ninan PT, Rothbaum BO, Marsteller FA, Knight BT, Eccard MB (2000) A placebo-controlled trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy and clomipramine in trichotillomania. J Clin Psychiatry 61:47–50 PubMedCrossRef Ninan PT, Rothbaum BO, Marsteller FA, Knight BT, Eccard MB (2000) A placebo-controlled trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy and clomipramine in trichotillomania. J Clin Psychiatry 61:47–50 PubMedCrossRef
36.
go back to reference Van Minnen A, Hoogduin KAL, Keijsers GPJ, Hellenbrand I, Hendriks GJ (2003) Treatment of trichotillomania with behavioral therapy or fluoxetine: a randomized, waiting-list controlled study. Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:517–522 PubMedCrossRef Van Minnen A, Hoogduin KAL, Keijsers GPJ, Hellenbrand I, Hendriks GJ (2003) Treatment of trichotillomania with behavioral therapy or fluoxetine: a randomized, waiting-list controlled study. Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:517–522 PubMedCrossRef
37.
go back to reference Franklin ME, Edson AL, Ledley DA, Cahill SP (2011) Behavior therapy for pediatric trichotillomania: a randomized controlled trial. Child Adolesc Psychiatry 50:763–771 CrossRef Franklin ME, Edson AL, Ledley DA, Cahill SP (2011) Behavior therapy for pediatric trichotillomania: a randomized controlled trial. Child Adolesc Psychiatry 50:763–771 CrossRef
38.
go back to reference Duke DC, Keeley ML, Geffken GR, Storch EA (2010) Trichotillomania: a current review. Clin Psychol Rev 30:181–193 PubMedCrossRef Duke DC, Keeley ML, Geffken GR, Storch EA (2010) Trichotillomania: a current review. Clin Psychol Rev 30:181–193 PubMedCrossRef
39.
go back to reference Lewin AB, Chang S, McCracken J, McQueen M, Piacentini J (2010) Comparison of clinical features among youth with tic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and both conditions. Psychiatry Res 30:317–322 CrossRef Lewin AB, Chang S, McCracken J, McQueen M, Piacentini J (2010) Comparison of clinical features among youth with tic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and both conditions. Psychiatry Res 30:317–322 CrossRef
40.
go back to reference Silverman WK, Albano AM (1996) The anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: child and parent versions. Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX Silverman WK, Albano AM (1996) The anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: child and parent versions. Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX
41.
go back to reference Silverman WK, Saavedra LM, Pina AA (2001) Test-retest reliability of anxiety symptoms and diagnoses with anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: child and parent versions. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 40:937–944 PubMedCrossRef Silverman WK, Saavedra LM, Pina AA (2001) Test-retest reliability of anxiety symptoms and diagnoses with anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: child and parent versions. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 40:937–944 PubMedCrossRef
42.
go back to reference Wood JJ, Piacentini J, Bergman RL, McCracken J, Barrios V (2002) Concurrent validity of the anxiety disorders section of the anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: child and parent versions. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 31:335–342 PubMedCrossRef Wood JJ, Piacentini J, Bergman RL, McCracken J, Barrios V (2002) Concurrent validity of the anxiety disorders section of the anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV: child and parent versions. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 31:335–342 PubMedCrossRef
43.
go back to reference Walkup JT, Albano AM, Piacentini J, Birmaher B, Compton SN, Sherrill JT et al (2008) Cognitive behavioral therapy, sertraline, or a combination in childhood anxiety. N Engl J Med 359:2743–2766 CrossRef Walkup JT, Albano AM, Piacentini J, Birmaher B, Compton SN, Sherrill JT et al (2008) Cognitive behavioral therapy, sertraline, or a combination in childhood anxiety. N Engl J Med 359:2743–2766 CrossRef
44.
go back to reference March JS, Parker JD, Sullivan K, Stallings P, Connors CK (1997) The Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC): factor structure, reliability, and validity. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 36:554–565 PubMedCrossRef March JS, Parker JD, Sullivan K, Stallings P, Connors CK (1997) The Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC): factor structure, reliability, and validity. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 36:554–565 PubMedCrossRef
45.
go back to reference Baldwin JS, Dadds MR (2007) Reliability and validity of parent and child versions of the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children in community samples. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:252–260 PubMedCrossRef Baldwin JS, Dadds MR (2007) Reliability and validity of parent and child versions of the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children in community samples. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:252–260 PubMedCrossRef
46.
go back to reference March JS, Sullivan K, Parker JD (1999) Test–retest reliability of the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children. J Anxiety Disord 13:349–358 PubMedCrossRef March JS, Sullivan K, Parker JD (1999) Test–retest reliability of the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children. J Anxiety Disord 13:349–358 PubMedCrossRef
47.
go back to reference Rynn MA, Barber JP, Khalid-Khan S, Siqueland L, Dembiski M, McCarthy KS et al (2006) The psychometric properties of the MASC in a pediatric psychiatric sample. J Anxiety Disord 20:139–157 PubMedCrossRef Rynn MA, Barber JP, Khalid-Khan S, Siqueland L, Dembiski M, McCarthy KS et al (2006) The psychometric properties of the MASC in a pediatric psychiatric sample. J Anxiety Disord 20:139–157 PubMedCrossRef
48.
go back to reference Kovacs M (1992) The children’s depression inventory (CDI) manual. Multi-Health Systems, New York, NY Kovacs M (1992) The children’s depression inventory (CDI) manual. Multi-Health Systems, New York, NY
49.
go back to reference Saylor CF, Finch AJ, Spirito A, Bennett B (1984) The children’s depression inventory: a systematic evaluation of psychometric properties. J Consult Clin Psychol 52:955–967 PubMedCrossRef Saylor CF, Finch AJ, Spirito A, Bennett B (1984) The children’s depression inventory: a systematic evaluation of psychometric properties. J Consult Clin Psychol 52:955–967 PubMedCrossRef
50.
go back to reference Achenbach TM, Rescorla LA (2001) Manual for the ASEBA school-age forms and profiles. Research Centre for Children, Youth and Families, University of Vermont, Burlington Achenbach TM, Rescorla LA (2001) Manual for the ASEBA school-age forms and profiles. Research Centre for Children, Youth and Families, University of Vermont, Burlington
51.
go back to reference Costello EJ, Mustillo S, Erkanli A, Keeler G, Angold A (1996) Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:837–844 CrossRef Costello EJ, Mustillo S, Erkanli A, Keeler G, Angold A (1996) Prevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:837–844 CrossRef
52.
go back to reference Bitsko RH, Holbrook JR, Visser SN, Mink JW, Zinner SH, Ghandour RM et al (2014) A national profile of Tourette syndrome, 2011–2012. J Dev Behav Pediatr 35:317–322 PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Bitsko RH, Holbrook JR, Visser SN, Mink JW, Zinner SH, Ghandour RM et al (2014) A national profile of Tourette syndrome, 2011–2012. J Dev Behav Pediatr 35:317–322 PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
53.
go back to reference Zohar AH (1999) The epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Clin N Am 8:445–460 Zohar AH (1999) The epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Clin N Am 8:445–460
54.
go back to reference Tolin DF, Diefenbach GJ, Flessner CA, Franklin ME, Keuthen NJ, Moore P et al (2008) The trichotillomania scale for children: development and validation. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 39:331–349 PubMedCrossRef Tolin DF, Diefenbach GJ, Flessner CA, Franklin ME, Keuthen NJ, Moore P et al (2008) The trichotillomania scale for children: development and validation. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 39:331–349 PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Clinical Characteristics of Pediatric Trichotillomania: Comparisons with Obsessive–Compulsive and Tic Disorders
Auteurs
Michelle Rozenman
Tara S. Peris
Araceli Gonzalez
John Piacentini
Publicatiedatum
17-04-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 1/2016
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-015-0550-2

Andere artikelen Uitgave 1/2016

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 1/2016 Naar de uitgave