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14-04-2015 | Original Article | Uitgave 1/2016

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 1/2016

Parental Involvement in Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention for Anxious Children: Parents’ In-Session and Out-Session Activities and Their Relationship with Treatment Outcome

Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 1/2016
Ana Isabel Pereira, Peter Muris, Denisa Mendonça, Luisa Barros, Ana Rita Goes, Teresa Marques


The present study explored the role of parents’ in-session and out-session involvement in CBT for anxious children. Fifty 8- to 12-year-old children with a principal DSM-IV anxiety disorder participated in a group CBT program. Parental involvement in the therapy was assessed by the clinician and the children and parents completed a standardized anxiety scale as the main therapy outcome measure, at pre- and post-intervention. In addition, the parents completed questionnaires to evaluate a number of possible correlates of parental involvement, namely, child’s anxiety symptoms intensity and interference, parental beliefs about anxiety, expectancies regarding the efficacy of the intervention, and parental anxiety. The results indicated that the parents were moderately involved in the therapy and that socio-economic status and parental beliefs about anxiety were significant correlates of parental involvement. Finally, partial support was found for the idea that parents’ involvement in the therapy might have a positive impact on therapy outcome.

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