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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 11/2016

12-07-2016 | Original Paper

Childhood Overweight and Obesity: Maternal and Family Factors

Auteurs: Lisa Y. Gibson, Karina L. Allen, Susan M. Byrne, Kim Clark, Eve Blair, Elizabeth Davis, Stephen R. Zubrick

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 11/2016

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Abstract

Treatment programs for childhood overweight and obesity have highlighted the importance of the family in treatment. Considering this, it is surprising that few studies have examined the role of family factors in the development of childhood overweight and obesity. The objective of this study was to examine which family and maternal factors predict increases in weight in boys and girls during middle to late childhood. This study used longitudinal data from the childhood growth and development (GAD) Study. The GAD Study involved 286 healthy weight, overweight and obese children, aged 6–13 years at baseline, who completed baseline, 1-year follow-up and 2-year follow-up assessments. Overweight/obese children were recruited from clinical and community settings. A broad range of maternal and family factors were assessed. Linear mixed models were used to identify which factors predicted child Body Mass Index (BMI) z-scores over time. For community-based children, maternal BMI and single-parent family structure were significant longitudinal predictors of child BMI z-scores. For the clinical participants, low family income was the only significant multivariate predictor of child BMI z-scores. The strong association between child BMI, maternal BMI and family structure confirms the need to target prevention and intervention efforts for childhood overweight and obesity towards families with overweight parents, particularly single-parent families.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Childhood Overweight and Obesity: Maternal and Family Factors
Auteurs
Lisa Y. Gibson
Karina L. Allen
Susan M. Byrne
Kim Clark
Eve Blair
Elizabeth Davis
Stephen R. Zubrick
Publicatiedatum
12-07-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 11/2016
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0485-7