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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 11/2016

30-06-2016 | Original Paper

Perceived Social Support and Mental Health among First-Year College Students with Histories of Bullying Victimization

Auteurs: Gerald M. Reid, Melissa K. Holt, Chelsey E. Bowman, Dorothy L. Espelage, Jennifer Greif Green

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 11/2016

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Abstract

Although childhood bullying victimization is associated with adult depression and anxiety, the majority of previously bullied youth do not develop psychopathology. Identifying protective factors has implications for designing interventions that can support a successful adjustment to emerging adulthood. In this study, we investigate whether perceived social support protects against depression and anxiety among first-year college students who had previously experienced bullying. We collected data from 1474 first-year college students attending four large universities across the United States. Students completed a web-based survey in fall 2012 (Wave 1) and 436 (29.5 %) participated in a follow-up survey in spring 2013 (Wave 2). Participants reported on childhood bullying victimization, current depression and anxiety, and current social support (overall and from family, friends, and significant others). Results indicated that a history of childhood bullying victimization was positively associated with depression and anxiety in both fall and spring. Further, overall social support reported in fall moderated the association between childhood bullying victimization and fall and spring anxiety. Also, higher levels of perceived family support, in particular, buffered previously bullied students’ risk for spring anxiety. Results suggest that perceptions of familial social support during the initial adjustment to college may protect previously bullied first-year students from anxiety during their adjustment to college. Research and clinical implications, study limitations, and future directions are discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Perceived Social Support and Mental Health among First-Year College Students with Histories of Bullying Victimization
Auteurs
Gerald M. Reid
Melissa K. Holt
Chelsey E. Bowman
Dorothy L. Espelage
Jennifer Greif Green
Publicatiedatum
30-06-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 11/2016
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0477-7