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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2021

03-01-2021

Childhood Conduct Problems Trajectories are Associated with Distinct Antisocial Process Screening Device Dimensions

Auteurs: Natalie Goulter, Maeve Cyr, Julie S. Kotler, Yao Zheng, Robert J. McMahon

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 3/2021

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Abstract

There is ongoing debate regarding whether psychopathy dimensions (i.e., narcissism, callous-unemotional [CU] traits, and impulsivity) can be meaningfully identified among youth samples and the correlates of these components. Thus, the present study conducted confirmatory factor analyses of the parent-reported Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD; Frick and Hare 2001) among early adolescents, and examined whether trajectories of conduct problems (CP) through childhood were associated with APSD total and subscale scores. Participants included the normative and high-risk control samples from the Fast Track project (N = 754, male = 58%, Black = 46%). Parents reported on CP in kindergarten, grades 1, 2, 4, 5, and 7, and psychopathy in grade 7. Factor analyses supported the three-factor structure. Latent class growth analyses identified four trajectories of CP including extremely high increasing (3.6%), high stable (21.6%), moderate decreasing (38.7%), and low decreasing (36.1%). All CP trajectories were significantly different from each other on psychopathy total, narcissism, and impulsivity scores; the extremely high increasing and high stable trajectories did not differ from each other on CU traits, but they scored significantly higher than the moderate decreasing and low decreasing trajectories. When controlling for other dimensions, all trajectories were significantly different on narcissism. The extremely high increasing and high stable CP trajectories did not differ from each other on impulsivity, but they scored higher than the moderate decreasing and low trajectories. Only the extremely high increasing and high stable trajectories scored higher than the low decreasing trajectory on CU traits.

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Voetnoten
1
We repeated analyses examining male and female adolescents separately. LCGA identified an optimal four-class solution for both samples. However, the sample size in the extremely high group for male youth was not large enough to detect significant differences on psychopathy scores when compared to other trajectories. For female youth, this group was comprised of such a small number of participants (.3%), there was no variance in a number of the variables, and thus, these models could not be estimated. It would be important for future research with larger sample sizes to examine sex differences in adolescent CP trajectories and associations with psychopathy.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Childhood Conduct Problems Trajectories are Associated with Distinct Antisocial Process Screening Device Dimensions
Auteurs
Natalie Goulter
Maeve Cyr
Julie S. Kotler
Yao Zheng
Robert J. McMahon
Publicatiedatum
03-01-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 3/2021
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-020-09863-y