Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
One reason for treating stereotypic behavior is that it may negatively impact how others perceive the individual displaying the behavior, thus impeding social interactions; however, few studies have directly evaluated this possibility. As a first step toward testing this position, participants (college students) in Study 1 watched 5-min video clips of a child engaging in hand/finger motor stereotypy at varying levels (0%, 17%, 37%, and 40% of the time) while sound was muted. Following each video, participants completed a questionnaire to evaluate their perception of the child. In Study 2, additional participants completed the same questionnaire after watching the same videos with the sound unmuted to determine if the addition of vocal stereotypy altered their perceptions of the child. Results indicate that (a) observers negatively rated the child when he displayed motor stereotypy for 17% or more of a video clip and (b) the addition of vocal stereotypy yielded more negative judgements than motor stereotypy alone.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. CrossRef
Bakan, M. B. (2014). The musicality of stimming: Promoting neurodiversity in the ethnomusicology of autism. MUSICultures, 41, 133–161.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Diagnostic criteria for 299.00 autism spectrum disorder. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/hcp-dsm.html.
Cook, J. L., & Rapp, J. T. (2018). To what extent do practitioners need to treat stereotypy during academic tasks? Behavior Modification. https://doi.org/10.1177/0145445518808226.
Cooper, J. O., Heron, T. E., & Heward, W. L. (2007). Applied behavior analysis (2nd edn.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education.
Cunningham, A. B., & Schreibman, L. (2008). Stereotypy in autism: The importance of function. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2, 469–479. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2007.09.006. CrossRef
Gaetano, J. (2018). Holm-Bonferroni sequential correction: An Excel calculator (1.3) [Microsoft Excel workbook]. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322568540_HolmBonferroni_sequential_correction_An_Excel_calculator_13.
Griffin, W. B. (2018). Peer perceptions of students with autism spectrum disorders. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088357618800035.
Grossman, R. B., Edelson, L., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2013). Production of emotional facial and vocal expressions during story retelling by children and adolescents with high-functioning autism. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research, 56(3), 1035–1044. CrossRef
Jones, R. S. P., Wint, D., & Ellis, N. C. (1990). The social effects of stereotyped behavior. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research, 34, 261–268. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.1990.tb01537.x.
Lampi, A., Fitzpatrick, P., Romero, V., Amaral, J., & Schmidt, R. C. (2018). Understanding the influence of social and motor context on the co-occurring frequency of restricted and repetitive behaviors in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3698-3. Advance online publication.
Long, E. S., Woods, D. W., Miltenberger, R. G., Fuqua, R. W., & Boudjouk, P. J. (1999). Examining the social effects of habit behaviors exhibited by individuals with mental retardation. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 11, 295–312. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1021862723409. CrossRef
MacDonald, R., Green, G., Mansfield, R., Geckeler, A., Gardenier, N., Anderson, J.,… Sanchez, J. (2007). Stereotypy in young children with autism and typically developing children. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 28, 266–277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2006.01.004. CrossRef
McClintock, K., Hall, S., & Oliver, C. (2003). Risk markers associated with challenging behaviours in people with intellectual disabilities: A meta-analytic study. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 47, 405–416. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2788.2003.00517.x. CrossRef
Newell, K. M., Incledon, T., Bodfish, J. W., & Sprague, R. L. (1999). Variability of stereotypic body-rocking in adults with mental retardation. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 104, 279–288. CrossRef
Rapp, J. T., & Vollmer, T. R. (2005). Stereotypy I: A review of behavioral assessment and treatment. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 26, 527–547. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2004.11.005. CrossRef
Symons, F. J., Sperry, L. A., Dropik, P. L., & Bodfish, J. W. (2005). The early development of stereotypy and self-injury: A review of research methods. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49, 144–158. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2004.00632.x. CrossRef
Zablotsky, B., Bradshaw, C. P., Anderson, C. M., & Law, P. (2014). Risk factors for bullying among children with autism spectrum disorders. Autism, 18, 419–427. CrossRef
- Brief Report: Evaluating College Students’ Perceptions of a Child Displaying Stereotypic Behaviors: Do Changes in Stereotypy Levels Affect Ratings?
Jodi C. Coon
John T. Rapp
- Springer US
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432