Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The personality model of adult psychopathy by Widiger and Lynam (1998) posits that psychopathy consists of a maladaptive constellation of personality traits, drawn from a general model of personality such as the Five Factor Model. Specifically, the underlying callous-unemotional (CU) component of psychopathy is represented mainly by low agreeableness, and the deviant behaviour component is represented mainly by low agreeableness and conscientiousness. This conceptualisation of psychopathy has been extensively studied and validated in normal and incarcerated adult and adolescent populations. While CU traits as one of the hallmarks of child psychopathy have been studied in preschool children, the personality correlates of psychopathic traits have not yet been fully examined in this age group. The current study aimed to examine the relationship between personality, conduct problems and CU in a sample of 4 to 6 year old children. It was hypothesized that high scores on CU traits would be associated with low agreeableness and high scores on conduct problems would be associated with low agreeableness and conscientiousness. Children’s CU traits, conduct problems and personalities were assessed using teacher-rated questionnaires. The results showed that low agreeableness was the most significant predictor of CU and conduct problems in this age group, and that higher scores on CU and conduct problems were correlated with low agreeableness, low conscientiousness, high neuroticism and low openness; a constellation of personality correlates that have also been associated with psychopathic traits in adults and adolescents.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Barker, E. D., Oliver, B. R., Viding, E., Salekin, R. T., & Maughan, B. (2011). The impact of prenatal maternal risk, fearless temperament and early parenting on adolescent callous-unemotional traits: A 14-year longitudinal investigation. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(8), 878–888. PubMedCrossRef
Behar, L., & Stringfield, S. (1974). A behavior rating scale for the preschool child. Developmental Psychology, 10(5), 601. CrossRef
Brinkley, C. A., Newman, J. P., Widiger, T. A., & Lynam, D. R. (2004). Two approaches to parsing the heterogeneity of psychopathy. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(1), 69–94.
Cleckley, H. (1941). The mask of sanity. St. Luis: MO: Mosby.
Colins, O. F., Andershed, H., Frogner, L., Lopez-Romero, L., Veen, V., & Andershed, A.-K. (2013). A New Measure to Assess Psychopathic Personality in Children: The Child Problematic Traits Inventory. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 1–18.
Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Revised NEO personality inventory (NEO PI-R) and NEP five-factor inventory (NEO-FFI): professional manual: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Drugli, M. B., & Larsson, B. (2006). Children aged 4–8 years treated with parent training and child therapy because of conduct problems: Generalisation effects to day-care and school settings. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 15(7), 392–399. CrossRef
Forth, A. E., Kosson, D. S., & Hare, R. D. (2003). Hare psychopathy checklist: Youth version (PCL: YV).
Freudenthaler, H. H., Spinath, B., & Neubauer, A. C. (2008). Predicting school achievement in boys and girls. European Journal of Personality, 22(3), 231–245. CrossRef
Frick, P. J., & Hare, R. D. (2001). Antisocial process screening device: APSD: Multi-Health Systems Toronto.
Hare, R. D. (1991). The psychopathy checklist-revised (p. 23). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
John, O. P., Donahue, E. M., & Kentle, R. L. (1991). The big five inventory-versions 4a and 54. Berkeley: University of California, Berkeley, Institute of Personality and Social Research.
Kimonis, E. R., Frick, P. J., Fazekas, H., & Loney, B. R. (2006). Psychopathy, aggression, and the processing of emotional stimuli in non-referred girls and boys. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 24(1), 21–37. CrossRef
Lahey, B. B., & Waldman, I. D. (2003). A developmental propensity model of the origins of conduct problems during childhood and adolescence. In B. B. Lahey, T. E. Moffitt, & A. Caspi (Eds.), The causes of conduct disorder and serious juvenile delinquency (pp. 76–117). New York: Guilford Press.
Lynam, D. R. (2002). Psychopathy from the perspective of the five-factor model of personality.
Miller, J. D., Watts, A., & Jones, S. E. (2011). Does psychopathy manifest divergent relations with components of its nomological network depending on gender? Personality and Individual Differences, 50(5), 564–569. CrossRef
Rammstedt, B. (2007). The 10-item big five inventory. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 23(3), 193–201. CrossRef
Rammstedt, B., & John, O. P. (2007). Measuring personality in one minute or less: A 10-item short version of the big five inventory in English and German. Journal of Research in Personality, 41(1), 203–212. CrossRef
Roose, A., Bijttebier, P., Claes, L., Lilienfeld, S. O., De Fruyt, F., & Decuyper, M. (2012). Psychopathic traits in adolescence and the five factor model of personality. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 34(1), 84–93. CrossRef
Ross, S. R., Lutz, C. J., & Bailley, S. E. (2004). Psychopathy and the five factor model in a noninstitutionalized sample: A domain and facet level analysis. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26(4), 213–223. CrossRef
Rubin, K. H., Moller, L., & Emptage, A. (1987). The preschool behaviour questionnaire: A useful index of behaviour problems in elementary school-age children? Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, 19(1), 86. CrossRef
Salekin, R. T., & Lynam, D. R. (2011). Handbook of child and adolescent psychopathy. New York: Guilford Press.
Salekin, R. T., Debus, S. A., & Barker, E. D. (2010). Adolescent psychopathy and the five factor model: Domain and facet analysis. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32(4), 501–514. CrossRef
Silver, R. B., Measelle, J. R., Armstrong, J. M., & Essex, M. J. (2005). Trajectories of classroom externalizing behavior: Contributions of child characteristics, family characteristics, and the teacher–child relationship during the school transition. Journal of School Psychology, 43(1), 39–60. CrossRef
Spinath, B., Harald Freudenthaler, H., & Neubauer, A. C. (2010). Domain-specific school achievement in boys and girls as predicted by intelligence, personality and motivation. Personality and Individual Differences, 48(4), 481–486. CrossRef
Tremblay, R. E., Desmarais-Gervais, L., Gagnon, C., & Charlebois, P. (1987). The preschool behaviour questionnaire: Stability of its factor structure between cultures, sexes, ages and socioeconomic classes. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 10(4), 467–484. CrossRef
U.S. Census Bureau. (2014). State & county Quickfacts: Tooscaloosa County, Alabama. Retrieved April 20, 2014, from http://quickfacts.census.gov.
Wakschlag, L. S., Tolan, P. H., & Leventhal, B. L. (2010). Research Review:‘Ain’t misbehavin’: Towards a developmentally specified nosology for preschool disruptive behavior. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(1), 3–22.
Widiger, T. A., & Lynam, D. R. (1998). Psychopathy and the five-factor model of personality. Psychopathy: Antisocial, criminal, and violent behavior, 171–187.
Willoughby, M. T., Waschbusch, D. A., Moore, G. A., & Propper, C. B. (2011). Using the ASEBA to screen for callous unemotional traits in early childhood: Factor structure, temporal stability, and utility. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 33(1), 19–30. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
- Big-Five and Callous-unemotional Traits in Preschoolers
Randall T. Salekin
Edward D. Barker
- Springer US
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505