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01-09-2015 | Uitgave 3/2015

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2015

Assessing Callous-Unemotional Traits in a Spanish Sample of Institutionalized Youths: The Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment > Uitgave 3/2015
Auteurs:
Laura López-Romero, J. Antonio Gómez-Fraguela, Estrella Romero

Abstract

Callous and unemotional traits (CU), considered as the hallmark of the construct of psychopathy, have shown their relevance in designating a specific subgroup of youths with a distinctive pattern of severe conduct problems and antisocial behavior. In order to improve the existing measures, the Inventory of Callous Unemotional traits (ICU) was developed to provide a reliable and valid measure of CU traits in youth populations. The present study aims to validate the Spanish self-reported version of the ICU in a sample of 324 institutionalized youths. Firstly, the factor structure of the ICU was tested in order to identify distinctive dimensions of CU traits. Secondly, the association of the ICU with other measures of personality and psychopathic traits, as well as with a set of external behavioral and psychosocial variables, was examined. Finally, the usefulness of CU traits measured through the ICU to designate a distinctive subgroup of antisocial youths was also investigated. After some scale refinement, results confirm the validity of the ICU as a reliable and efficient measure of CU traits in youth samples, provide some evidence as regards the dimensionality of the construct, and support its relevance in identifying a specific subgroup of youths showing a pattern of serious behavioral and psychosocial disadjustment.

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