Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
According to the neighborhood effects hypothesis, there is a negative relation between neighborhood wealth and youth’s problem behavior. It is often assumed that there are more problems in deprived neighborhoods, but there are also reports of higher rates of behavioral problems in more affluent neighborhoods. Much of this literature does not take into account relative wealth. Our central question was whether the economic position of adolescents’ families, relative to the neighborhood in which they lived, was related to adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing problem behavior. We used longitudinal data for youth between 12–16 and 16–20 years of age, combined with population register data (N = 926; 55% females). We employ between-within models to account for time-invariant confounders, including parental background characteristics. Our findings show that, for adolescents, moving to a more affluent neighborhood was related to increased levels of depression, social phobia, aggression, and conflict with fathers and mothers. This could be indirect evidence for the relative deprivation mechanism, but we could not confirm this, and we did not find any gender differences. The results do suggest that future research should further investigate the role of individuals’ relative position in their neighborhood in order not to overgeneralize neighborhood effects and to find out for whom neighborhoods matter.
Ainsworth, J. W. (2002). Why does it take a village? The mediation of neighborhood effects on educational achievement. Social Forces, 81, 117–152. CrossRef
Allison, P. D. (2009). Fixed effects regression models. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. CrossRef
Atkinson, R., & Kintrea, K. (2000). Owner-occupation, social mix and neighbourhood impacts. Policy and Politics, 28, 93–108. CrossRef
Bacqué, M.-H., Charmes, E., & Vermeersch, S. (2014). The middle class ‘at home among the poor’ - How social mix is lived in Parisian suburbs: Between local attachment and metropolitan practices. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38, 1211–1233. CrossRef
Bakker, B. F. M., van Rooijen, J., & van Toor, L. (2014). The system of social statistical datasets of statistics Netherlands: An integral approach to the production of register-based social statistics. Statistics Journal of the IAOS, 30, 411–424.
Bell, A., & Jones, K. (2015). Explaining fixed effects: Random effects modeling of time-series cross-sectional and panel data. Political Science Research and Methods, 3, 133–153. CrossRef
Björkqvist, K., Lagerspetz, K. M. J., & Osterman, K. (1992). The direct and indirect aggression scales. Vasa, Finland: Abo Akademi University, Department of Social Sciences.
Blokland, T., & van Eijk, G. (2010). Do people who like diversity practice diversity in neighbourhood life? Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36, 313–332. CrossRef
Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Thornton, A., Freedman, D., Amell, J. W., & Harrington, H., et al. (1996). The life history calendar: A research and clinical assessment method for collecting retrospective event-history data. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 6, 101–114. CrossRef
Clampet-Lundquist, S. K., Edin, J. R., Kling, & Duncan, G. J. (2011). Moving teenagers out of high-risk neighborhoods: How girls fare better than boys. American Journal of Sociology, 116, 1154–1189. CrossRef
Craighead, W. E., Smucker, M. R., Craighead, L. W., & Ilardi, S. S. (1998). Factor analysis of the children’s depression inventory in a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 10, 156–165. CrossRef
Dietz, R. D. (2002). The estimation of neighborhood effects in the social sciences: An interdisciplinary approach. Social Science Research, 31, 539–575. CrossRef
Duncan, C., & Jones, K. (1995). Individuals and their ecologies: Analyzing the geography of chronic illness within a multi-level modeling framework. Journal of Health and Place, 1, 27–40. CrossRef
Ellen, I. G., & Turner, M. A. (1997). Does neighbourhood matter? Assessing recent evidence. Housing Policy Debate, 8, 833–866. CrossRef
Furman, W., & Buhrmester, D. (1985). Children’s perceptions of the personal relationship in their social networks. Developmental Psychology, 21, 1016–1024. CrossRef
Galster, G. (2002). An economic efficiency analysis of deconcentrating poverty populations. Journal of Housing Economics, 11, 303–329. CrossRef
Galster, G. C. (2008). Quantifying the effect of neighbourhood on individuals: Challenges, alternative approaches, and promising directions. Schmollers Jahrbuch, 128, 1–42. CrossRef
Galster, G. C. (2011). The mechanism(s) of neighbourhood effects: Theory, evidence, and policy implications. In M. van Ham, D. Manley, N. Bailey, L. Simpson, & D. Maclennan (Eds.). Neighbourhood effects research: New perspectives (pp. 23–56). Dordrecht: Springer.
Galster, G. C., & Friedrichs, J. (2015). The dialectic of neighborhood social mix: Editors’ introduction to the special issue. Housing Studies, 30, 175–191. CrossRef
Ginther, D., Haveman, R., & Wolfe, B. (2000). Neighbourhood attributes as determinants of children’s outcomes. Journal of Human Resources, 35, 603–642. CrossRef
Hale, III, W. W., Raaijmakers, Q. A. W., Muris, P., & Meeus, W. H. J. (2005). Psychometric properties of the screen of child anxiety related emotional disorders (SCARED) in the general adolescent population. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44, 283–290. CrossRefPubMed
Hanson, T., McLanahan, S., & Thomson, E. (1997). Economic resources, parental practices and children’s well-being. In G. J. Duncan, & J. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.). Consequences of growing up poor (pp. 190–238). New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
Hedman, L., Manley, D., van Ham, M., & Östh, J. (2015). Cumulative exposure to disadvantage and the intergenerational transmission of neighbourhood effects. Journal of Economic Geography, 15, 195–215. CrossRef
Honneth, A. (2007). Recognition as ideology. In B. van den Brink, & D. Owen (Eds). Recognition and power (pp. 323–347). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Karsten, L., & Felder, N. (2015). Parents and children consuming the city: Geographies of family outings across class. Annals of Leisure Research, 18, 205–218. CrossRef
Kessler, R. C., Duncan, G. J., Gennetian, L. A., Katz, L. F., Kling, J. R., Sampson, N. A., Sanbonmatsu, L., Zaslavsky, A. M., & Ludwig, J. (2014). Associations of housing mobility interventions for children in high-poverty neighborhoods with subsequent mental disorders during adolescence. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 311, 937–948. CrossRefPubMed
Klebanov, P. K., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Duncan, G. J. (1994). Does neighborhood and family poverty affect mothers’ parenting, mental health, and social support? Journal of Marriage and Family, 56, 441–455. CrossRef
Kleinhans, R. (2004). Social implications of housing diversification in urban renewal: A review of recent literature. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 19, 367–390. CrossRef
Laursen, B. (1993). The perceived impact of conflict on adolescent relationships. Merrill- Palmer Quarterly, 39, 535–550.
Leventhal, T., Dupere, V., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2009). Neighborhood influences on adolescent development. In R. M. Lerner, & L. Steinberg (Eds.). Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 411–443). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Lund, T. J., & Dearing, E. (2012). Is growing up affluent risky for adolescents or is the problem growing up in an affluent neighborhood? Journal of Research on Adolescence, 23, 274–282. CrossRef
Marx, K. (1847). Wage labour and capital. Marx/Engels Internet Archive, retrieved from https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1847/wage-labour/.
McCulloch, A. (2001). Ward-level deprivation and individual social and economic outcomes in the British household panel survey. Environment and Planning A, 33, 667–684. CrossRef
Meeus, W.H.J., Akse, J., Branje, S.J.T., ter Bogt, T.F.M., Crommelin, P.M., Delsing, M.J.M.H., et al. (2010). Codebook of the research project conflict and management of relationships (CONAMORE). Unpublished manuscript, Utrecht University, the Netherlands.
Musterd, S., & Andersson, R. (2005). Housing mix, social mix and social opportunities. Urban Affairs Review, 40, 761–790. CrossRef
Nieuwenhuis, J. (2016). Publication bias in the neighbourhood effects literature. Geoforum, 70, 89–92. CrossRef
Nieuwenhuis, J., & Hooimeijer, P. (2016). The association between neighbourhoods and educational achievement, a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 31, 321–347. CrossRef
Nieuwenhuis, J., Völker, B., & Flap, H. (2013a). “A bad neighbour is as great a plague as a good one is a great blessing”: On negative relationships between neighbours. Urban Studies, 50, 2904–2921. CrossRef
Nieuwenhuis, J., Hooimeijer, P., van Dorsselaer, S., & Vollebergh, W. (2013b). Neighbourhood effects on school achievement: The mediating effect of parenting and problematic behaviour? Environment and Planning A, 45, 2135–2153. CrossRef
Nieuwenhuis, J., Hooimeijer, P., van Ham, M., & Meeus, W. (2016a). Neighbourhood effects on migrant and native youth’s educational commitments, an enquiry into personality differences. Urban Studies. Online First, 1–20. doi: 10.1177/0042098016640693
Oberwittler, D. (2007). The effects of neighbourhood poverty on adolescent problem behaviours: A multi-level analysis differentiated by gender and ethnicity. Housing Studies, 22, 781–804. CrossRef
Osypuk, T. L., Tchetgen-Tchetgen, E. J., Acevedo-Garcia, D., Earls, F. J., Lincoln, A. K., Schmidt, N. M., & Glymour, M. M. (2012b). Differential mental health effects of neighborhood relocation among youth in vulnerable families: Results from a randomized trial. Archives of General Psychiatry, 69, 1284–1294. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Sampson, R. J., & Raudenbush, S. W. (1999). Systematic social observation of public spaces: A new look at disorder in urban neighborhoods. American Journal of Sociology, 105, 603–651. CrossRef
Sayer, A. (2007). Class, moral worth and recognition. In T. Lovell (Ed.). (Mis)recognition, social inequality and social justice (pp. 88–102). London: Routledge.
Starfield, B., Riley, A. W., Witt, W. P., & Robertson, J. (2002). Social class gradients in health during adolescence. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 56, 354–361. CrossRef
Statistics Netherlands. (2006). Kerncijfers postcodegebieden, 2004 [Key figures for postcode areas, 2004]. The Hague: Statistics Netherlands.
Statistics Netherlands. (2011). Kerncijfers postcodegebieden, 2008-2010 [Key figures for postcode areas, 2008-2010]. The Hague: Statistics Netherlands.
van Ham, M., & Manley, D. (2010). The effect of neighbourhood housing tenure mix on labour market outcomes: A longitudinal investigation of neighbourhood effects. Journal of Economic Geography, 10, 257–282. CrossRef
van Ham, M., & Manley, D. (2012). Neighbourhood effects research at a crossroads. Ten challenges for future research. Environment and Planning A, 44, 2787–2793. CrossRef
Visser, P., van Dam, F., & Hooimeijer, P. (2008). Residential environment and spatial variation in house prices in the Netherlands. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 99, 348–360. CrossRef
Wacquant, L. (2008). Urban outcasts. Cambridge: Polity.
Walker, I., & Pettigrew, T. F. (1984). Relative deprivation theory: An overview and conceptual critique. British Journal of Social Psychology, 23, 301–310. CrossRef
Wilson, W. J. (1987). The truly disadvantaged. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Wilson, W. J. (1996). When work disappears. New York, NY: Knopf.
Yu, R., Nieuwenhuis, J., Meeus, W., Hooimeijer, P., Koot, H. M., & Branje, S. (2016). Biological sensitivity to context: Cortisol awakening response moderates the effects of neighbourhood density on the development of adolescent externalizing problem behaviours. Biological Psychology, 120, 96–107. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
- Being Poorer Than the Rest of the Neighborhood: Relative Deprivation and Problem Behavior of Youth
Maarten van Ham
- Springer US