Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10/2012

01-10-2012 | Original Paper

Attentional Processing of Faces in ASD: A Dot-Probe Study

Auteurs: David J. Moore, Lisa Heavey, John Reidy

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 10/2012

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The present study used the Dot-Probe paradigm to explore attentional allocation to faces compared with non-social images in high-functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing controls. There was no evidence of attentional bias in either group when stimuli were presented at individually calculated sub-threshold levels. However, at supra-threshold presentation (200 ms), a face bias was found for control participants but not for those with ASD. These results add to evidence of reduced social interest in ASD, relative to controls, and further demonstrate when atypical social processing arises in the attentional time course.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference Ashwin, C., Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2006a). Attention bias to faces in Asperger Syndrome: A pictorial emotion Stroop study. Psychological Medicine, 36, 835–843. PubMedCrossRef Ashwin, C., Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2006a). Attention bias to faces in Asperger Syndrome: A pictorial emotion Stroop study. Psychological Medicine, 36, 835–843. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ashwin, C., Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2006b). Finding a face in the crowd: Testing the anger superiority effect in Asperger Syndrome. Brain and Cognition, 61, 78–95. PubMedCrossRef Ashwin, C., Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2006b). Finding a face in the crowd: Testing the anger superiority effect in Asperger Syndrome. Brain and Cognition, 61, 78–95. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bar-Haim, Y., Schulman, C., Lamy, D., & Reuveni, A. (2006). Attention to eyes and mouth in high-functioning children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 131–137. PubMedCrossRef Bar-Haim, Y., Schulman, C., Lamy, D., & Reuveni, A. (2006). Attention to eyes and mouth in high-functioning children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 131–137. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bar-Haim, Y., Lamy, D., Pergamin, L., Bakermans-Kranenberg, M. J., & van IJzendoorn, M. H. (2007). Threat-related attentional bias in anxious and nonanxious individuals: A meta-analytic study. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 1–24. PubMedCrossRef Bar-Haim, Y., Lamy, D., Pergamin, L., Bakermans-Kranenberg, M. J., & van IJzendoorn, M. H. (2007). Threat-related attentional bias in anxious and nonanxious individuals: A meta-analytic study. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 1–24. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J., & Clubley, E. (2001). The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger syndrome/high functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 5–17. PubMedCrossRef Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J., & Clubley, E. (2001). The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger syndrome/high functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 5–17. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Behrmann, M., Thomas, C., & Humphreys, K. (2006). Seeing it differently: Visual processing in autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10(6), 258–264. PubMedCrossRef Behrmann, M., Thomas, C., & Humphreys, K. (2006). Seeing it differently: Visual processing in autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10(6), 258–264. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bindemann, M., Burton, A. M., Langton, S. R. H., Schweinberger, S. R., & Doherty, M. J. (2007). The control of attention to faces. Journal of Vision, 7(10), 15, 1–8. Bindemann, M., Burton, A. M., Langton, S. R. H., Schweinberger, S. R., & Doherty, M. J. (2007). The control of attention to faces. Journal of Vision, 7(10), 15, 1–8.
go back to reference Boraston, Z., & Blakemore, S. J. (2007). The application of eye-tracking technology in the study of autism. Journal of Physiology, 581, 893–898. PubMedCrossRef Boraston, Z., & Blakemore, S. J. (2007). The application of eye-tracking technology in the study of autism. Journal of Physiology, 581, 893–898. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cerf, M., Frady, E. P., & Koch, C. (2009). Faces and text attract gaze independent of the task: Experimental data and computer model. Journal of Vision, 9(12), 10, 1–15. Cerf, M., Frady, E. P., & Koch, C. (2009). Faces and text attract gaze independent of the task: Experimental data and computer model. Journal of Vision, 9(12), 10, 1–15.
go back to reference Dawson, G., Toth, K., Abbott, R., Osterling, J., Munson, J., Estes, A., et al. (2004). Early social attention impairments in autism: Social orienting, joint attention, and attention to distress. Developmental Psychology, 40(2), 271–283. PubMedCrossRef Dawson, G., Toth, K., Abbott, R., Osterling, J., Munson, J., Estes, A., et al. (2004). Early social attention impairments in autism: Social orienting, joint attention, and attention to distress. Developmental Psychology, 40(2), 271–283. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Devue, C., Laloyaux, C., Feyers, D., Theeuwes, J. & Brédart, S. (in press). Do pictures of faces, and which ones, capture attention in the inattentional blindness paradigm? Perception. Devue, C., Laloyaux, C., Feyers, D., Theeuwes, J. & Brédart, S. (in press). Do pictures of faces, and which ones, capture attention in the inattentional blindness paradigm? Perception.
go back to reference Fletcher-Watson, S., Leekam, S. R., Benson, V., Frank, M. C., & Findlay, J. M. (2009). Eye-movements reveal attention to social information in autism spectrum disorder. Neuropsychologia, 47, 248–257. PubMedCrossRef Fletcher-Watson, S., Leekam, S. R., Benson, V., Frank, M. C., & Findlay, J. M. (2009). Eye-movements reveal attention to social information in autism spectrum disorder. Neuropsychologia, 47, 248–257. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Fox, E. (1996). Selective processing of threatening words in anxiety: The role of awareness. Cognition and Emotion, 10(5), 449–480. CrossRef Fox, E. (1996). Selective processing of threatening words in anxiety: The role of awareness. Cognition and Emotion, 10(5), 449–480. CrossRef
go back to reference Freeth, M., Chapman, P., Ropar, D., & Mitchell, P. (2010). Do gaze cues in complex scenes capture and direct the attention of high functioning adolescents with ASD? Evidence from eye-tracking. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(5), 534–547. PubMedCrossRef Freeth, M., Chapman, P., Ropar, D., & Mitchell, P. (2010). Do gaze cues in complex scenes capture and direct the attention of high functioning adolescents with ASD? Evidence from eye-tracking. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(5), 534–547. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hershler, O., & Hochstein, S. (2005). At first sight: A high-level pop out effect for faces. Vision Research, 45, 1707–1724. PubMedCrossRef Hershler, O., & Hochstein, S. (2005). At first sight: A high-level pop out effect for faces. Vision Research, 45, 1707–1724. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kemp-Wheeler, S. M., & Hill, A. B. (1988). Semantic priming without awareness: Some methodological considerations and replications. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 40(4), 671–692. Kemp-Wheeler, S. M., & Hill, A. B. (1988). Semantic priming without awareness: Some methodological considerations and replications. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 40(4), 671–692.
go back to reference Lee, L. O., & Knight, B. G. (2009). Attentional bias for threat in older adults: Moderation of the positivity bias by trait anxiety and stimulus modality. Psychology and Aging, 24(3), 741–747. PubMedCrossRef Lee, L. O., & Knight, B. G. (2009). Attentional bias for threat in older adults: Moderation of the positivity bias by trait anxiety and stimulus modality. Psychology and Aging, 24(3), 741–747. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference MacLeod, C., & Mathews, A. (1988). Anxiety and the allocation of attention to threat. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 40(4), 653–670. PubMed MacLeod, C., & Mathews, A. (1988). Anxiety and the allocation of attention to threat. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 40(4), 653–670. PubMed
go back to reference MacLeod, C., Mathews, A., & Tata, P. (1986). Attentional bias in emotional disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95(1), 15–20. PubMedCrossRef MacLeod, C., Mathews, A., & Tata, P. (1986). Attentional bias in emotional disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95(1), 15–20. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference MacLeod, C., Rutherford, E., Campbell, L., Ebsworthy, G., & Holker, L. (2002). Selective attention and emotional vulnerability: Assessing the causal basis of their association through the experimental manipulation of attentional bias. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111, 107–123. PubMedCrossRef MacLeod, C., Rutherford, E., Campbell, L., Ebsworthy, G., & Holker, L. (2002). Selective attention and emotional vulnerability: Assessing the causal basis of their association through the experimental manipulation of attentional bias. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111, 107–123. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Maestro, S., Muratori, F., Cavallaro, M. C., Pecini, C., Cesari, A., Paziente, A., et al. (2005). How young children treat objects and people: An empirical study of the first year of life in autism. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 35(4), 383–396. PubMedCrossRef Maestro, S., Muratori, F., Cavallaro, M. C., Pecini, C., Cesari, A., Paziente, A., et al. (2005). How young children treat objects and people: An empirical study of the first year of life in autism. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 35(4), 383–396. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mogg, K., & Bradley, B. P. (1999). Some methodological issues in assessing attentional biases for threatening faces in anxiety: A replication study using a modified version of the probe detection task. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37, 595–604. PubMedCrossRef Mogg, K., & Bradley, B. P. (1999). Some methodological issues in assessing attentional biases for threatening faces in anxiety: A replication study using a modified version of the probe detection task. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37, 595–604. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mogg, K., Bradley, B. P., Hyare, H., & Lee, S. (1998). Selective attention to food-related stimuli in hunger: Are attentional biases specific to emotional and psychopathological states, or are they also found in normal drive states? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36(2), 227–237. PubMedCrossRef Mogg, K., Bradley, B. P., Hyare, H., & Lee, S. (1998). Selective attention to food-related stimuli in hunger: Are attentional biases specific to emotional and psychopathological states, or are they also found in normal drive states? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36(2), 227–237. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Osterling, J. A., Dawson, G., & Munson, J. A. (2002). Early recognition of 1-year-old infantswith autism spectrum disorder versus mental retardation. Development and Psychopathology, 14, 239–251. PubMedCrossRef Osterling, J. A., Dawson, G., & Munson, J. A. (2002). Early recognition of 1-year-old infantswith autism spectrum disorder versus mental retardation. Development and Psychopathology, 14, 239–251. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Palermo, R., & Rhodes, G. (2007). Are you always on my mind? A review of how face perception and attention interact. Neuropsychologia, 45, 75–92. PubMedCrossRef Palermo, R., & Rhodes, G. (2007). Are you always on my mind? A review of how face perception and attention interact. Neuropsychologia, 45, 75–92. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pelphrey, K. A., Sasson, N. J., Reznick, S., Paul, G., Goldman, B. D., & Piven, J. (2002). Visual scanning of faces in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32(4), 249–261. PubMedCrossRef Pelphrey, K. A., Sasson, N. J., Reznick, S., Paul, G., Goldman, B. D., & Piven, J. (2002). Visual scanning of faces in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32(4), 249–261. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Riby, D. M., & Hancock, P. J. B. (2009). Do faces capture the attention of individuals with Williams syndrome or Autism? Evidence from tracking eye movements. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 421–431. PubMedCrossRef Riby, D. M., & Hancock, P. J. B. (2009). Do faces capture the attention of individuals with Williams syndrome or Autism? Evidence from tracking eye movements. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 421–431. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ro, T., Russell, C., & Lavie, N. (2001). Changes faces: A detection advantage in the flicker paradigm. Psychological Science, 12(1), 94–99. PubMedCrossRef Ro, T., Russell, C., & Lavie, N. (2001). Changes faces: A detection advantage in the flicker paradigm. Psychological Science, 12(1), 94–99. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schultz, R. T. (2005). Developmental deficits in social perception in autism: The role of the amygdale and fusiform face area. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 23, 125–141. PubMedCrossRef Schultz, R. T. (2005). Developmental deficits in social perception in autism: The role of the amygdale and fusiform face area. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 23, 125–141. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shafran, R., Lee, M., Cooper, Z., Palmer, R. L., & Fairburn, C. G. (2008). Effects of psychological treatment on attentional bias in eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41(4), 348–354. PubMedCrossRef Shafran, R., Lee, M., Cooper, Z., Palmer, R. L., & Fairburn, C. G. (2008). Effects of psychological treatment on attentional bias in eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41(4), 348–354. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Swettenham, J., Baron-Cohen, S., Charman, T., Cox, A., Baird, G., Drew, A., et al. (1998). The frequency and distribution of spontaneous attention shifts between social and nonsocial stimuli in autistic, typically developing, and nonautistic developmentally delayed infants. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39(5), 747–753. PubMedCrossRef Swettenham, J., Baron-Cohen, S., Charman, T., Cox, A., Baird, G., Drew, A., et al. (1998). The frequency and distribution of spontaneous attention shifts between social and nonsocial stimuli in autistic, typically developing, and nonautistic developmentally delayed infants. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39(5), 747–753. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Theeuwes, J., & Van der Stigchel, S. (2006). Faces capture attention: Evidence from inhibition of return. Visual Cognition, 13(6), 657–665. CrossRef Theeuwes, J., & Van der Stigchel, S. (2006). Faces capture attention: Evidence from inhibition of return. Visual Cognition, 13(6), 657–665. CrossRef
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1999). The Wechsler Abbreviated Scale for Intelligence. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. (1999). The Wechsler Abbreviated Scale for Intelligence. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Woodbury-Smith, M. R., Robinson, J., Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2005). Screening adults for Asperger Syndrome using the AQ: A preliminary study of its diagnostic validity in clinical practice. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(3), 331–335. PubMedCrossRef Woodbury-Smith, M. R., Robinson, J., Wheelwright, S., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2005). Screening adults for Asperger Syndrome using the AQ: A preliminary study of its diagnostic validity in clinical practice. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(3), 331–335. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Attentional Processing of Faces in ASD: A Dot-Probe Study
Auteurs
David J. Moore
Lisa Heavey
John Reidy
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 10/2012
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1449-4