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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 4/2020

03-01-2020

An Examination of Relations Among Working Memory, ADHD Symptoms, and Emotion Regulation

Auteurs: Nicole B. Groves, Michael J. Kofler, Erica L. Wells, Taylor N. Day, Elizabeth S. M. Chan

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 4/2020

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Abstract

Emotion regulation difficulties are present in many, if not most, children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and confer risk for a host of adverse outcomes. Little is known, however, regarding the neurocognitive and behavioral mechanisms that underlie these difficulties. A well-characterized, clinically evaluated sample of 145 children ages 8–13 years (M = 10.33, SD = 1.47; 55 girls; 69% White/non-Hispanic) were administered multiple, counterbalanced working memory tests and assessed for emotion dysregulation and ADHD symptoms via multiple-informant reports. Bias-corrected, bootstrapped conditional effects modeling indicated that underdeveloped working memory exerted significant direct effects on emotion regulation in all tested models as well as indirect effects on emotion regulation via parent-reported hyperactive/impulsive symptoms (95% CIs excluded zero). Interestingly, hyperactive/impulsive symptoms also predicted emotion dysregulation when controlling for the influence of working memory. Inattention failed to predict emotion regulation difficulties in all tested models (all 95% CIs included zero). This pattern of results replicated across parent and teacher models and were robust to control for mono-informant bias, age, and gender. These findings suggest that emotion dysregulation in ADHD reflects, in part, both a direct outcome of underdeveloped working memory and an affective outcome of hyperactive and/or impulsive symptomatology, both attributable to and independent of the role of underlying working memory deficits.
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Metagegevens
Titel
An Examination of Relations Among Working Memory, ADHD Symptoms, and Emotion Regulation
Auteurs
Nicole B. Groves
Michael J. Kofler
Erica L. Wells
Taylor N. Day
Elizabeth S. M. Chan
Publicatiedatum
03-01-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 4/2020
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-019-00612-8

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