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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2/2020

26-10-2019 | Empirical Research

Adolescents’ Future Aspirations and Expectations in the Context of a Shifting Rural Economy

Auteurs: Erin Hiley Sharp, Jayson Seaman, Corinna Jenkins Tucker, Karen T. Van Gundy, Cesar J. Rebellon

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 2/2020

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Abstract

Adolescents’ future aspirations and expectations influence the decisions they make as they transition into adulthood. However, less is known about how specific sociocultural factors interact with the formation of future aspirations and expectations and their association with goal attainment in emerging adulthood. The present study begins to fill this gap by using person-centered analysis with high school students (N = 517; 53% female; 92% white) from a rural county undergoing significant economic transition. Its aim was to identify future orientation profiles based on adolescent-reported future aspirations and expectations for success in both education and career. Four latent profiles were identified and labeled: universally high aspirations and expectations; low college aspirations and expectations; lower aspirations than expectations; and universally low aspirations and expectations. Significant gender differences were found. High school males were less likely to be in the universally high profile and more likely to be in the universally low and low college aspirations and expectations profiles. Future orientation profile placement was associated with differences in adolescent experiences in family, school, and community contexts as well as their work and education status and future residential aspirations in emerging adulthood. The findings inform future research and applied efforts focused on rural youth’s preparation for adult roles, and on retaining rural youth, a necessity for the vitality of rural communities.

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Analyses were also conducted using Multinomial Logistic Regression and the findings were identical. Authors decided to present the MANCOVA findings because of the ease in interpreting the post hoc comparisons in MANCOVA.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Adolescents’ Future Aspirations and Expectations in the Context of a Shifting Rural Economy
Auteurs
Erin Hiley Sharp
Jayson Seaman
Corinna Jenkins Tucker
Karen T. Van Gundy
Cesar J. Rebellon
Publicatiedatum
26-10-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 2/2020
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01152-6