Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2019

18-07-2018 | Original Paper

Consequences of Childhood Bullying on Mental Health and Relationships for Young Adults

Auteur: Ellen W. deLara

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 9/2019

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Childhood bullying is a well-known public health problem world-wide. Research has described numerous health and mental health effects on victims, bullies, and bystanders. While there are studies of contemporaneous consequences, there is still much to be discovered in terms of the impact of childhood bullying lasting into adult life. This qualitative inquiry investigated the aftermath of childhood bullying for young adults in terms of their health, mental health, and relationship issues. Further, it asked participants for their definitions of bullying. The study was part of a mixed-methods inquiry. For the qualitative portion, 72 graduate and undergraduate students in the U.S., ages 18 to 29, participated as a purposive sample. The majority of participants were Caucasian and female, though 28% percent represented minority groups. Semi-structured interviews were conducted lasting approximately 1 h each. A participatory action research approach was taken to understand the lived experiences and perceptions of the young adults. Grounded theory was utilized in reviewing the data for thematic responses. Member checks and triangulation were employed to substantiate credibility, authenticity, and coherence of the data. Content analysis revealed lasting consequences in (a) mental and psychological well-being (b) eating disorders, weight, and body image, and (c) relationship and trust issues. Results are indicative of the need for further research on childhood bullying as it affects later adolescent and young adult development. Understanding the aftermath of childhood bullying is important in informing bullying interventions and maintaining a focus on early prevention efforts.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Beck, A.T., Davis, D.D. & Freeman, A. (Eds.) (2015). Cognitive therapy of personality disorders. New York, N. Y: Guilford Publications. Beck, A.T., Davis, D.D. & Freeman, A. (Eds.) (2015). Cognitive therapy of personality disorders. New York, N. Y: Guilford Publications.
go back to reference deLara, E.W. (2016). Bullying scars: The impact of childhood bullying on adult life and relationships. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. deLara, E.W. (2016). Bullying scars: The impact of childhood bullying on adult life and relationships. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Gaynor, A.K. (1998). Analyzing problems in schools and school systems: A theoretical approach. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers. Gaynor, A.K. (1998). Analyzing problems in schools and school systems: A theoretical approach. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.
go back to reference Gladden, R.M., Vivolo-Kantor, A.M., Hamburger, M.E., & Lumpkin, C.D. (2014). Bullying surveillance among youths: Uniform definitions for public health and recommended data elements. Atlanta, Georgia: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Gladden, R.M., Vivolo-Kantor, A.M., Hamburger, M.E., & Lumpkin, C.D. (2014). Bullying surveillance among youths: Uniform definitions for public health and recommended data elements. Atlanta, Georgia: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
go back to reference Greenwood, D.J., & Levin, M. (2006). Introduction to action research: Social research for social change, 2nd edn. New York, N. Y: Sage Publications. Greenwood, D.J., & Levin, M. (2006). Introduction to action research: Social research for social change, 2nd edn. New York, N. Y: Sage Publications.
go back to reference Hawkes, N. (2015). Bullying in childhood may be linked to heart disease risk, study says. BMJ: British Medical Journal (Online), 350. Hawkes, N. (2015). Bullying in childhood may be linked to heart disease risk, study says. BMJ: British Medical Journal (Online), 350.
go back to reference Hill, C., & Kearl, H. (2011). Crossing the line: Sexual harassment at school. 1111 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC20036: American Association of University Women. Hill, C., & Kearl, H. (2011). Crossing the line: Sexual harassment at school. 1111 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC20036: American Association of University Women.
go back to reference Hofmann, S.G., Asnaani, A., Vonk, I.J., Sawyer, A.T., & Fang, A. (2012). The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy: A review of meta-analyses. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 36(5), 427–440. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Hofmann, S.G., Asnaani, A., Vonk, I.J., Sawyer, A.T., & Fang, A. (2012). The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy: A review of meta-analyses. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 36(5), 427–440. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Kosciw, J.G., Greytak, E.A., Bartkiewicz, M.J., Boesen, M.J., & Palmer, N.A. (2012). The 2011 National School Climate Survey: The Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in Our Nation’s Schools. 121 West 27th Street Suite 804, New York, NY 10001: Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN). Kosciw, J.G., Greytak, E.A., Bartkiewicz, M.J., Boesen, M.J., & Palmer, N.A. (2012). The 2011 National School Climate Survey: The Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in Our Nation’s Schools. 121 West 27th Street Suite 804, New York, NY 10001: Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN).
go back to reference Mishna, F., & Alaggia, R. (2005). Weighing the risks: A child’s decision to disclose peer victimization. Children & Schools, 27(4), 217–226. CrossRef Mishna, F., & Alaggia, R. (2005). Weighing the risks: A child’s decision to disclose peer victimization. Children & Schools, 27(4), 217–226. CrossRef
go back to reference Newman, B.M., & Newman, P.R. (2015). Development through life: A psychosocial approach, 12th edn. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning. Newman, B.M., & Newman, P.R. (2015). Development through life: A psychosocial approach, 12th edn. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.
go back to reference Robers, S., Kemp, J., Rathbun, A., & Morgan, R.E. (2014). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2013 (NCES 2014-042/NCJ 243299). Washington, D.C: National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education, and Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Robers, S., Kemp, J., Rathbun, A., & Morgan, R.E. (2014). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2013 (NCES 2014-042/NCJ 243299). Washington, D.C: National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education, and Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.
go back to reference Rohner, R.P. (1975). They love me, they love me not: A worldwide study of the effects of parental acceptance and rejection. New Haven, CT: HRAF Press. Rohner, R.P. (1975). They love me, they love me not: A worldwide study of the effects of parental acceptance and rejection. New Haven, CT: HRAF Press.
go back to reference Rubin, A., & Babbie, E.R. (2008). Research methods for social work. Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole. Rubin, A., & Babbie, E.R. (2008). Research methods for social work. Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole.
go back to reference Saldana, J. (2015). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. 3rd edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Saldana, J. (2015). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. 3rd edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Shetgiri, R., Espelage, D.L., & Carroll, L. (2015). Practical strategies for clinical management of bullying. New York, NY: Springer. CrossRef Shetgiri, R., Espelage, D.L., & Carroll, L. (2015). Practical strategies for clinical management of bullying. New York, NY: Springer. CrossRef
go back to reference Smith, P.K., & Sharp, S. (1994). School bullying: Insights and perspectives.. New York, N. Y: Routledge. CrossRef Smith, P.K., & Sharp, S. (1994). School bullying: Insights and perspectives.. New York, N. Y: Routledge. CrossRef
go back to reference Strauss, J., & Corbin, A. (2014). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. 4th edn, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Strauss, J., & Corbin, A. (2014). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. 4th edn, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Van der Kolk, B.A. (2003). Psychological trauma. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishers. Van der Kolk, B.A. (2003). Psychological trauma. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishers.
go back to reference von Bertalaffy, L. (1968). General system theory: Foundations, development, applications (Revised Edition). New York, NY: George Braziller, Inc. von Bertalaffy, L. (1968). General system theory: Foundations, development, applications (Revised Edition). New York, NY: George Braziller, Inc.
go back to reference Wade, TD., Keski‐Rahkonen, A., Hudson, JI. (2011). Epidemiology of eating disorders. In M.T. Tsuang, M. Tohen, P. Jones, (Eds.), Textbook of Psychiatric Epidemiology. (pp. 343–360). New York, N. Y: John Wiley & Sons. CrossRef Wade, TD., Keski‐Rahkonen, A., Hudson, JI. (2011). Epidemiology of eating disorders. In M.T. Tsuang, M. Tohen, P. Jones, (Eds.), Textbook of Psychiatric Epidemiology. (pp. 343–360). New York, N. Y: John Wiley & Sons. CrossRef
go back to reference Wehrenberg, M., & Prinz, S. (2007). The anxious brain: The neurobiological basis of anxiety disorders and how to effectively treat them.. New York, N. Y: W.W. Norton & Company. Wehrenberg, M., & Prinz, S. (2007). The anxious brain: The neurobiological basis of anxiety disorders and how to effectively treat them.. New York, N. Y: W.W. Norton & Company.
Metagegevens
Titel
Consequences of Childhood Bullying on Mental Health and Relationships for Young Adults
Auteur
Ellen W. deLara
Publicatiedatum
18-07-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 9/2019
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1197-y