This study aimed to explore the current status of activities of daily living (ADLs), life orientation, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among older people in nursing homes and to further examine the mediating role of life orientation in the impact of ADLs on HRQoL.
A national cross-sectional study was conducted among older people aged 60 and above in nursing homes by the randomly stratified cluster sampling method. The status of ADLs, life orientation and HRQoL were measured using an ADL scale, a life orientation scale and the SF-12v2 scale, respectively. Multiple linear regression models were used to identify explanatory factors associated with ADLs, life orientation, and HRQoL. The potential mediating role of life orientation in the relationship between ADL and HRQoL was explored by mediation analysis.
The overall prevalence of ADL disability was 52.67%, and 84.37% of older people in nursing homes had a negative life orientation. The mean scores of physical health and mental health among older people in nursing homes were 45.44 ± 6.46 and 42.67 ± 8.48, respectively. Some sociodemographic characteristics were associated with poor physical health and mental health. After adjustments were made for covariates, the life orientation score mediated 13.81% of the total effect of the ADL score on physical component score of HRQoL and mediated 45.33% of the mental component score of HRQoL.
A sizeable proportion of older people had ADL disability and negative life orientation, and HRQoL was poor among older Chinese people in nursing homes. Life orientation partially mediates the relationship between ADLs and HRQoL.