Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 11/2020

16-06-2020

Differences in physical and psychological health in patients with chronic low back pain: a national survey in general Spanish population

Auteurs: María Dueñas, Jose A. Moral-Munoz, Jenifer Palomo-Osuna, Alejandro Salazar, Helena De Sola, Inmaculada Failde

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 11/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Purpose

To estimate the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed chronic low back pain (CLBP-D and CLBP-UD, respectively) in the general adult population in Spain and to compare the characteristics of these two groups with subjects without CLBP symptoms (No-CLBP). To establish CLBP-D patient sub-groups according to their self-perceived health status, mental health, level of pain and the impact of their pain on daily activities.

Methods

Data were obtained from the National Health Survey of Spain 2017 with a sample of 23,089 adults. Three groups were defined: CLBP-D, CLBP-UD and No-CLBP. In the CLBP-D group, a cluster analysis was performed to identify sub-groups. A multinomial regression model was constructed to determine the factors associated with each of the sub-groups identified.

Results

The prevalence of CLBP-D was 22% (95% CI 21.5–22.5) and that of CLBP-UD was 1.4% (95% CI 1.2–1.5). CLBP-D was more common in middle-aged females with a low educational level. They have a worse perceived health status, report more comorbidities, have worse mental health and more limitations in comparison with the populations without CLBP and with CLBP-UD. Three sub-groups of CLBP-D subjects were identified. Women and older subjects with a lower educational level, more occupational stress, less social support and with more physical limitations were the most likely subjects to be included in the group worst-affected.

Conclusions

There is a high prevalence of CLBP among the adult population in Spain. Occupational stress and a lack of social support are common factors among subjects’ worst-affected of CLBP-D and identifying the subjects with these risks is therefore a recommended strategy for improving the healthcare provided to CLBP patients.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
1.
go back to reference Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). (2018). GBD compare data visualization. Seattle: University of Washington. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). (2018). GBD compare data visualization. Seattle: University of Washington.
20.
go back to reference ENSE. (2017). Metodología Ministerio de Sanidad Consumo y Bienestar social (Vol. 64). Encuesta Nacional de Salud. ENSE. (2017). Metodología Ministerio de Sanidad Consumo y Bienestar social (Vol. 64). Encuesta Nacional de Salud.
23.
go back to reference Goldberg, D. P., Lobo, A., Munoz, P. E., et al. (1996). Cuestonario de Salud General GHQ (General Health Questionnaire): Guia Para El Usario de Las Distintas Versiones. Barcelona: Masson. Goldberg, D. P., Lobo, A., Munoz, P. E., et al. (1996). Cuestonario de Salud General GHQ (General Health Questionnaire): Guia Para El Usario de Las Distintas Versiones. Barcelona: Masson.
25.
go back to reference Bellón, J. A., Delgado, A., De Dios, L. J., et al. (1996). Validez y fiabilidad del cuestionario de apoyo social funcional Duke-UNC-11. Atención Primaria, 18, 153–163. Bellón, J. A., Delgado, A., De Dios, L. J., et al. (1996). Validez y fiabilidad del cuestionario de apoyo social funcional Duke-UNC-11. Atención Primaria, 18, 153–163.
40.
go back to reference Kabir-Mokamelkhah, E., Bahrami-Ahmadi, A., & Aghili, N. (2016). Work-related stress and quality of life among Iranian blue-collar workers with self-reported low back pain. Medical Journal of The Islamic Republic of Iran, 30, 474. Kabir-Mokamelkhah, E., Bahrami-Ahmadi, A., & Aghili, N. (2016). Work-related stress and quality of life among Iranian blue-collar workers with self-reported low back pain. Medical Journal of The Islamic Republic of Iran, 30, 474.
Metagegevens
Titel
Differences in physical and psychological health in patients with chronic low back pain: a national survey in general Spanish population
Auteurs
María Dueñas
Jose A. Moral-Munoz
Jenifer Palomo-Osuna
Alejandro Salazar
Helena De Sola
Inmaculada Failde
Publicatiedatum
16-06-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 11/2020
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-020-02553-y

Andere artikelen Uitgave 11/2020

Quality of Life Research 11/2020 Naar de uitgave