Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 11/2018

01-08-2018 | Original Paper

A Latent Profile Analysis of Co-occurring Youth Posttraumatic Stress and Conduct Problems Following Community Trauma

Auteurs: Kathleen I. Crum, Danielle Cornacchio, Stefany Coxe, Jennifer Greif Green, Jonathan S. Comer

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 11/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Although most research with youth exposed to violent manmade disasters has focused on internalizing problems, recent work suggests conduct problems (CPs) may also manifest in exposed youth. However, the extent to which youth postevent CPs present independently, versus co-present in conjunction with PTSD symptoms, remains unclear. The present study examined PTS and CP symptom profiles among affected Boston-area youth following the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing. This study used latent profile analysis to identify distinct PTS and CP symptom profiles among Boston-area youth ages 4–19 years (N = 344) affected by the Boston Marathon bombing events. PTS and CPs were measured using the UCLA-PTSD-RI and the SDQ parent reports, respectively. Analyses identified 3 distinct profiles: presentations characterized by (a) low PTS, low CPs, (b) moderate PTS, low CPs, and (c) high PTS, elevated CPs. The profile characterized by the highest PTS was the only profile with elevated CPs; hyperarousal and emotional numbing/avoidance symptoms showed the greatest distinguishing properties among profiles with and without elevated CP. Types of traumatic exposure experienced by youth were differentially associated with profiles. Specifically, direct (but not relational) exposure distinguished youth classified in the profile showing elevated CPs. Findings suggest interventions following violent manmade disasters may do well to incorporate CP modules when working with youth showing the greatest hyperarousal and emotional numbing, and/or who have directly witnessed the most violence.
Literatuur
go back to reference Arman, S., Amel, A. K., & Maracy, M. R. (2013). Comparison of parent adolescent scores on strengths and difficulties questionnaire. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 18, 501–505. PubMedPubMedCentral Arman, S., Amel, A. K., & Maracy, M. R. (2013). Comparison of parent adolescent scores on strengths and difficulties questionnaire. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 18, 501–505. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Comer, J. S, Golik, A., & Martin, J. (2018). Learning from the past: understanding children’s mental health after 9/11 and after the Boston Marathon bombing. In S. Tyano, C. W. Hoven, L. Amsel, (Eds.) Responses to children’s mental health needs after major disasters: an international perspective. New York, NY: Springer. Comer, J. S, Golik, A., & Martin, J. (2018). Learning from the past: understanding children’s mental health after 9/11 and after the Boston Marathon bombing. In S. Tyano, C. W. Hoven, L. Amsel, (Eds.) Responses to children’s mental health needs after major disasters: an international perspective. New York, NY: Springer.
go back to reference La Greca, A. M., Silverman, W. K., Lai, B., & Jaccard, J. (2010). Hurricane-related exposure experiences and stressors, other life events, and social support: concurrent and prospective impact on children’s persistent posttraumatic stress symptoms. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 794–805. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0020775. CrossRefPubMed La Greca, A. M., Silverman, W. K., Lai, B., & Jaccard, J. (2010). Hurricane-related exposure experiences and stressors, other life events, and social support: concurrent and prospective impact on children’s persistent posttraumatic stress symptoms. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 794–805. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​a0020775. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Martin, J., Ford, C. B., Dyer-Friedman, J., Tang, J., & Huffman, L. C. (2004). Patterns of agreement between parent and child ratings of emotional and behavioral problems in an outpatient clinical setting: when children endorse more problems. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 25(3), 150–155. 10.1196-206X/00/2503-0150. CrossRef Martin, J., Ford, C. B., Dyer-Friedman, J., Tang, J., & Huffman, L. C. (2004). Patterns of agreement between parent and child ratings of emotional and behavioral problems in an outpatient clinical setting: when children endorse more problems. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 25(3), 150–155. 10.1196-206X/00/2503-0150. CrossRef
go back to reference McCutcheon, A. J. (1987). Latent class analysis. Sage University Paper series on Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, No. 07-064. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. McCutcheon, A. J. (1987). Latent class analysis. Sage University Paper series on Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, No. 07-064. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
go back to reference Meiser-Stedman, R., Smith, P., Glucksman, E., Yule, W., & Dalgleish, T. (2007). Parent and child agreement for acute stress disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and other psychopathology in a prospective study of children and adolescents exposed to single-event trauma. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 191–201. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10802-006-9068-1. CrossRefPubMed Meiser-Stedman, R., Smith, P., Glucksman, E., Yule, W., & Dalgleish, T. (2007). Parent and child agreement for acute stress disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and other psychopathology in a prospective study of children and adolescents exposed to single-event trauma. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 191–201. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10802-006-9068-1. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mikolajewski, A. J.., & Scheeringa, M. S.. (2018). Examining the prospective relationship between pre-disaster respiratory sinus arrhythmia and post-disaster posttraumatic stress disorder in children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 10.1007/s10802-017-0396-0. Mikolajewski, A. J.., & Scheeringa, M. S.. (2018). Examining the prospective relationship between pre-disaster respiratory sinus arrhythmia and post-disaster posttraumatic stress disorder in children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 10.1007/s10802-017-0396-0.
go back to reference Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2010). MPlus user’s guide. 6th edn. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén. Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2010). MPlus user’s guide. 6th edn. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Metagegevens
Titel
A Latent Profile Analysis of Co-occurring Youth Posttraumatic Stress and Conduct Problems Following Community Trauma
Auteurs
Kathleen I. Crum
Danielle Cornacchio
Stefany Coxe
Jennifer Greif Green
Jonathan S. Comer
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 11/2018
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1205-2

Andere artikelen Uitgave 11/2018

Journal of Child and Family Studies 11/2018 Naar de uitgave