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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 9/2019

26-03-2019

A Daily Diary Analysis of Preschool Depressive Behaviors: Prospective Associations and Moderators Across 14 Days

Auteurs: Katherine A. Leppert, Sara J. Bufferd, Thomas M. Olino, Lea R. Dougherty

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 9/2019

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Abstract

Depressive disorders can be observed in early childhood and are associated with significant concurrent and prospective impairment; however, little is known about day-to-day variations in common depressive behaviors in children. This study examined the day-to-day variability of two common depressive behaviors in preschool-aged children, sadness and irritability, and factors associated with the daily occurrence of these behaviors. Participants included 291 parents of preschool-aged children, and parents completed a 14-day daily diary. Results indicated that sleep quality did not prospectively predict next-day sadness or irritability the following day. We observed between-person stability, but within-person variability, in children’s sadness and irritability across 14 days. We observed greater between-person stability and greater within-person variability in sadness and irritability for males and for children with fewer baseline psychiatric symptoms and lower baseline impairment. Findings provide a developmental perspective on normative patterns of sadness and irritability in young children and can inform prevention and individualized intervention efforts to reduce negative sequelae in at-risk preschoolers.
Voetnoten
1
One participant completed only one daily diary, and thus within-person effects were able to be examined for 290 participants, whereas between-person effects were able to be examined for 291 participants.
 
2
We examined multiple covariance structure specifications by comparing Akaike’s information criterion (AIC) and Bayesian information criterion (BIC) estimates; they had negligible effect on the fixed and random parameter estimates or levels of significance. Covariances were modeled as independent by using the scaled identity covariance structure when models did not converge.
 
3
The model examining average daily sadness as a moderator of the within-person variability of children’s sadness did not converge when using the AR1 covariance structure; thus, a scaled identity covariance structure was applied to make covariances between days independent and to constrain variances to be constant.
 
4
The dependent variables of sadness and irritability overlapped with items in the ECI depressive and ODD symptom scales (e.g., loses temper, easily annoyed, is angry/resentful, is irritable). However, results remained similar when overlapping items were removed from the ECI symptom scales.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Daily Diary Analysis of Preschool Depressive Behaviors: Prospective Associations and Moderators Across 14 Days
Auteurs
Katherine A. Leppert
Sara J. Bufferd
Thomas M. Olino
Lea R. Dougherty
Publicatiedatum
26-03-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 9/2019
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-019-00535-4