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08-09-2015 | Original Paper

Validation of the Dependency-Oriented and Achievement-Oriented Psychological Control Scale in Middle Childhood

Auteurs: Miri Scharf, Sofie Rousseau, Yael Smith

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 4/2016

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Abstract

The psychometric properties of the Dependency-oriented and Achievement-oriented Psychological Control Scale (DAPCS) have been proved appropriate for adolescent samples. Since parental psychological control plays a key role in the development of child pathology from an early age, it is important to evaluate the DAPCS in younger samples too. We examine the DAPCS’ validity in two samples of elementary school age children (n = 180 and n = 118). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in the first sample supported a two-factor structure, indicating the distinction between dependency-oriented psychological control (DPC) and achievement-oriented psychological control (APC). Confirmatory factor analysis in the second sample resulted in successful replication of the factor structure. Significant negative correlations between both parental psychological control dimensions and parental emotional support indicated the convergent validity of the scale. Discriminant validity was indicated by a significant unique association between higher levels of DPC and child perceived social problems, and higher levels of APC and child sensitivity to mistakes. This study provides initial justification for the application of a shorter version of the DAPCS in clinical and research settings dealing with parental psychological control in middle childhood and related child adjustment problems.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Validation of the Dependency-Oriented and Achievement-Oriented Psychological Control Scale in Middle Childhood
Auteurs
Miri Scharf
Sofie Rousseau
Yael Smith
Publicatiedatum
08-09-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 4/2016
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-015-0286-4

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