Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Parents are perhaps the most direct and profound influences on children’s development of emotional competence. For example, how and what emotions parents express in the family has implications for children’s ability to understand and regulate their emotions. What is less well understood is what potential environmental or contextual factors impact parents’ emotional expressiveness, particularly in high-risk samples prone to atypical emotional expressiveness (e.g., deficits in the production and recognition of emotional expressions). The present longitudinal study examined the association between life changes and parents’ expression of positive and negative emotions, as well as, how these associations changed over time in a sample of maltreating mothers. Eighty-eight mothers with a substantiated history of physical abuse completed measures of emotional expressiveness and life changes experienced over the past 6 months when their children were in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade. Results indicated that life changes decreased over time, while parental emotional expressiveness remained stable. Moreover, life changes were associated across time with the expression of negative emotions, but were unrelated to expressions of positive emotions. Findings have important implications for understanding emotional expressiveness in high-risk samples.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Acevedo, M. C. (1993). Determinants of variations in parental affect socialization: Implications for the development of emotion regulation. University Park: The Pennsylvania State University. Unpublished master’s thesis.
Asparouhov, T., & Muthén, B. (2010). Weighted least squares estimation with missing data. Mplus Technical Appendix, 1–10. Retrieved from http://www.statmodel.com/download/GstrucMissingRevision.pdf.
Bonanno, G., & Papa, A. (2003). The social and functional aspects of emotional expression during bereavement. In P. Philippot, R. S. Feldman & E. J. Coats (Eds.), Nonverbal behavior in clinical settings (pp. 145–170). New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Burns, B. J., Mustillo, S. A., Farmer, E. M. Z., McCrae, J., Kolko, D. J., Libby, A. M., & Webb, M. B. (2009). Caregiver depression, mental health service use, and child outcomes. In M. B. Webb, K. Dowd, B. J. Harden, J. Landsverk & M. Testa (Eds.), Child welfare and child well-being: New perspectives from the national survey of child and adolescent well-being (pp. 351–379). New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Crnic, K., & Low, C. (2002). Everyday stresses and parenting. In M. Bornstein (ed.), Handbook of parenting: Practical issues in parenting (2nd ed) (pp. 243–267, Vol. 5). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Denham, S. A., Mitchell-Copeland, J., Strandberg, K., Auerbach, S., & Blair, K. (1997). Parental contributions to preschoolers’ emotional competence: Direct and indirect effects. Motivation and Emotion, 21, 65–86. CrossRef
Eisenberg, N., Gershoff, E. T., Fabes, R. A., Shepard, S. A., Cumberland, A. J., Losoya, S. H., et al. (2001). Mother’s emotional expressivity and children’s behavior problems and social competence: Mediation through children’s regulation. Developmental Psychology, 37, 475–490. doi: 10.1037/0012-16126.96.36.1995. CrossRefPubMed
Eisenberg, N., Valiente, C., Morris, A. S., Fabes, R. A., Cumberland, A., Reiser, M., et al. (2003). Longitudinal relations among parental emotional expressivity, children’s regulation, and quality of socioemotional functioning. Developmental Psychology, 39, 3–19. doi: 10.1037/0012-16188.8.131.52. CrossRefPubMed
Gelman, A., Carlin, J. B., Stern, H. S., & Rubin, D. B. (2014). Bayesian data analysis (Vol. 2). Boca Raton, FL, USA: Chapman & Hall/CRC.
Herrenkohl, E. C., Herrenkohl, R. C., & Egolf, B. P. (2003). The psychosocial consequences of living environment instability on maltreated children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 73, 367–380. doi: 10.1037/0002-94184.108.40.2067.
Hollingshead, A. B. (1975). Four factor index of social status. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Kennedy, S. C., Kim, J. S., Tripodi, S. J., Brown, A. S., & Gowdy, G. (2016). Does parent-child interaction therapy reduce future physical abuse: A meta-analysis. Research on Social Work Practice, 26, 147–156. CrossRef
Manly, J. T., Kim, J. E., Rogosch, F. A., & Cicchetti, D. (2001). Dimensions of child maltreatment and children’s adjustment: Contributions of developmental timing and subtype. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 759–782. PubMed
Mazure, C. M. (1998). Life stressors as risk factors in depression. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 5, 291–313.
McKibben, L., De Vos, E., & Newberger, E. H. (1989). Victimization of mothers of abused children: A controlled study. Pediatrics, 84, 531–535. PubMed
McPherson, A. V., Lewis, K. E., Lynn, A. E., Haskett, M. E., & Behrend, T. S. (2009). Predictors of parenting stress for abusive and nonabusive mothers. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 18, 61–69. CrossRef
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2000). Mplus: The comprehensive modeling program for applied researchers: User’s guide.
Nelson, J. A., O’Brien, M., Blankson, A. N., Calkins, S. D., & Keane, S. P. (2009). Family stress and parental responses to children’s negative emotions: Tests of the spillover, crossover, and compensatory hypotheses. Journal of Family Psychology, 23, 671–679. doi: 10.1037/a0015977. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Rimm-Kaufman, S. E., & Pianta, R. C. (2000). An ecological perspective on the transition to kindergarten: A theoretical framework to guide empirical research. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 21, 491–511. DOI: 10.1016/S0193-3973(00)00051-4. CrossRef
Robinson, L. R., Sheffield Morris, A., Heller, S. S., Scheeringa, M. S., & Boris, N. W. (2009). Relations between emotion regulation, parenting, and psychopathology in young maltreated children in out of home care. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 18, 421–434. doi: 10.1007/s10826-008-9246-6. CrossRef
Shackman, J. E., Fatani, S., Camras, L. A., Berkowitz, M. J., Bachorowski, J. A., & Pollak, S. D. (2010). Emotion expression among abusive mothers is associated with their children’s emotion processing and problem behaviours. Cognition and Emotion, 24, 1421–1430. doi: 10.1080/02699930903399376. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Shipman, K. L., Schneider, R., Fitzgerald, M. M., Sims, C., Swisher, L., & Edwards, A. (2007). Maternal emotion socialization in maltreating and non‐maltreating families: Implications for children’s emotion regulation. Social Development, 16, 268–285. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2007.00384.x. CrossRef
Stith, S. M., Liu, T., Davies, L. C., Boykin, E. L., Alder, M. C., Harris, J. M., et al. (2009). Risk factors in child maltreatment: A meta-analytic review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 14, 13–29. CrossRef
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2013). Child Maltreatment 2012. http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/research-data-technology/statistics-research/child-maltreatment.
Zhou, Q., Eisenberg, N., Losoya, S. H., Fabes, R. A., Reiser, M., Guthrie, I. K., et al. (2002). The relations of parental warmth and positive expressiveness to children’s empathy‐related responding and social functioning: A longitudinal study. Child Development, 73, 893–915. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.00446. CrossRefPubMed
- Three-year Trajectories of Emotional Expressiveness among Maltreating Mothers: The Role of Life Changes
Helen M. Milojevich
Mary E. Haskett
- Springer US