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13-10-2018

The Role of Sleep Quality in Associations between Peer Victimization and Internalizing Symptoms

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Auteurs:
Elizabeth C. Tampke, Jennifer B. Blossom, Paula J. Fite

Abstract

Peer victimization is strongly associated with depression and anxiety symptoms; however, not all victimized youth experience these internalizing symptoms. Accordingly, factors that contribute to these associations need to be examined. The current study examined the potential moderating role of sleep in the associations between peer victimization and internalizing symptoms in a middle childhood sample, as this developmental stage marks a period when children are at increased risk for both poor quality sleep and peer victimization. Participants were 293 elementary school children (51.5% female, 8–12 years old). Children self-reported on sleep quality, two forms of peer victimization (i.e., relational and overt), and anxiety and depression symptoms. Results indicated that sleep quality was negatively correlated with both depressive and anxious symptoms as well as both forms of victimization. Additionally, both forms of victimization were positively correlated with depressive and anxious symptoms. Moreover, poor sleep quality was found to exacerbate the link between relational victimization and depressive symptoms during middle childhood. Findings have implications for targeting sleep with victimized youth to prevent depressive symptoms.

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