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23-12-2019 | Original Article | Uitgave 3/2020

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 3/2020

The Relationship Between Maternal Depression, Externalizing and Internalizing Problems in Children, and Caregiving Burden in Urban Low-Income Ethnic and Racial Minority Families

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 3/2020
Auteurs:
Kevin M. Wagner, Carmen R. Valdez
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Abstract

A strong relationship exists between maternal depression and externalizing and internalizing problems in children, and caregiving burden might mediate this relationship. Yet, caregiving burden has rarely been tested as a mechanism underlying the relationship between maternal depression and child emotional and behavioral outcomes. Caregiving burden might be especially high in ethnic and racial minority mother–child dyads in low-income settings where there are more stressors in the environment and rates of maternal depression are elevated. A path analysis with 132 low-income urban mothers who mostly identified as racial and ethnic minorities confirmed our hypothesis that maternal depression has a direct effect on child externalizing and internalizing problems, and also an indirect effect through caregiving burden. We discuss implications of the findings with respect to research, practice, and policy with low-income, ethnic and racial minority families whose mothers have depression and care for children who exhibit externalizing and internalizing problems.

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