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06-01-2020 | Original Article | Uitgave 3/2020

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 3/2020

Separation Anxiety Symptom Profiles and Parental Accommodation Across Pediatric Anxiety Disorders

Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 3/2020
Katherine E. Phillips, Lesley A. Norris, Philip C. Kendall
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Parental accommodation refers to ways in which caregivers modify their behavior to decrease child distress in the short-term. Accommodation is prevalent among anxious youth and related to decreased treatment and functional outcomes. Although separation anxiety disorder (SAD) is associated with increased accommodation, SAD is not a predictor of treatment response, suggesting that a diagnosis of SAD alone may not be enough to clarify the relationship between accommodation and separation anxiety symptoms within a clinical context. Participants were youth with a primary anxiety disorder (N = 186; aged 7–17) enrolled in an outpatient anxiety clinic. Latent class analysis was used to extract profiles from parent-reported SAD symptoms using the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV/5. Profiles were compared on pre-treatment accommodation. Low, moderate, and interfering SAD classes emerged. Interfering SAD was associated with high accommodation. Results help to clarify the association between SAD and accommodation and has implications for personalized intervention.

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