Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The objectives of the present study were to investigate the relationship between obsessive–compulsive symptoms and impulsivity, and the interaction effects of impulsivity and responsibility in relation to obsessive–compulsive symptoms. A total of 205 university and college students were asked to fill out the Padua Inventory—Washington State University Revision, the Responsibility Attitudes Scale, the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale—version 11 and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. A sub-sample (n = 79) also completed the Stop Signal Task (SST), a performance task that assesses behavioral inhibition (i.e., impulsivity). Obsessive–compulsive symptoms were found to be related to responsibility attitudes and self-reported attentional impulsiveness. There was no association between behavior inhibition (SST) and self-reported impulsivity or obsessive–compulsive symptoms. The interaction between responsibility attitudes and attentional impulsiveness as well as between responsibility and behavior inhibition, added to the prediction of obsessive–compulsive symptoms. These findings indicate that certain aspects of impulsivity influence obsessive–compulsive symptoms in interaction with responsibility attitudes.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Anholt, G., Cath, D., van Oppen, P., Eikelenboom, M., Smit, J., & van Megen, H. (2009). Do ADHD and autism symptoms predict specific OC symptom dimensions or OC symptom severity in OCD? European Psychiatry, 24, S1029. CrossRef
Bannon, C. J., Gonsalvez, R. J., Croft, R. J., & Boyce, P. M. (2002). Response inhibition deficits in obsessive–compulsive disorder. Psychiatric Research, 110, 165–174. CrossRef
Coles, M. E., & Horng, B. E. (2006). A prospective test of cognitive vulnerability to obsessive compulsive disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30, 723–734. CrossRef
Cottraux, J., & Gérard, D. (1998). Neuroimaging and neuroanatomical issues in obsessive–compulsive disorder: Toward an integrative model–perceived impulsivity. In R. P. Swinson, M. A. Antony, S. Rachman, & M. A. Richter (Eds.), Obsessive–compulsive disorder: Theory research and treatment (pp. 54–184). New York: Guilford Press.
Eysenck, S. B. G., Pearson, P. R., Easting, G., & Allsopp, J. F. (1985). Age norms for impulsiveness, venturesomeness and empathy in adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 6, 613–619. CrossRef
Geller, D. A., Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., Cradock, K., Hagermoser, L., Zaman, N., et al. (2002). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents with obsessive–compulsive disorder: Fact or artifact? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 52–58. CrossRefPubMed
Jaccard, J., & Turrisi, R. (2003). Interaction effects in multiple regression (2nd ed.). London: Sage.
Jónsdóttir, S. D., & Smári, J. (2000). Measuring obsessions without worry: Convergent and discriminant validity of the revised Padua inventory in an Icelandic student population. Scandinavian Journal of Behaviour Therapy, 29, 49–56.
Ladouceur, R., Rhéaume, J., & Aublet, F. (1997). Excessive responsibility in obsessional concerns: A fine-grained experimental analysis. Behaviour, Research and Therapy, 35, 423–427. CrossRef
Lijiffijt, M., Bekker, E. M., Quik, E. H., Bakker, J. L., Kenemans, J. L., & Verbaten, M. N. (2004). Differences between low and high trait impulsivity are not associated with differences in inhibitory motor control. Journal of Attention Disorders, 8, 25–32. CrossRef
Logan, G. D., Schachar, R., & Tannock, R. (1997). Impulsivity and inhibitory control. Psychological Science, 8, 60–64. CrossRef
Magnússon, P., Smári, J., Sigurðardóttir, D., Baldursson, G., Sigmundsson, J., Kristjánsson, K., et al. (2006). Validity of self-report an informant rating scales of adult AD/HD symptoms in comparison with a semi structured diagnostic interview. Journal of Attention Disorders, 9, 494–503. CrossRefPubMed
Oldham, J. M., Hollander, E., & Skodol, A. E. (1996). Impulsivity and compulsivity. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Pallanti, S., & Hollander, E. (2008). Obsessive–compulsive disorder spectrum as a scientific “metaphor”. CNS Spectrums, 13, 6–15. PubMed
Reynolds, B., Ortengren, A., Richards, J. B., & de Wit, H. (2006). Dimensions of impulsive behaviour: Personality and behavioural measures. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 305–315. CrossRef
Salkovskis, P. M. (1996). Cognitive-behavioural approaches to the understanding of obsessional problems. In R. M. Rapee (Ed.), Current controversies in the anxiety disorders (pp. 103–133). New York: Guilford Press.
Schaaber, U., Smári, J., & Óskarsson, H. (1990). Comparison of the hospital anxiety and depression rating scale with other anxiety and depression rating scales. Nordic Psychiatry, 44, 507–512. CrossRef
Smári, J., Gylfadóttir, T., & Halldórsdóttir, G. L. (2003). Responsibility attitudes and obsessive–compulsive symptoms in a student population. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 31, 45–51. CrossRef
Smári, J., & Hólmsteinsson, H. E. (2001). Intrusive thoughts, responsibility attitudes, thought-action fusion, and chronic thought suppression in relation to obsessive–compulsive symptoms. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 29, 13–20. CrossRef
Smári, J., Ólasson, D. Þ., Arnarsson, Þ. Ö., & Sigurðsson, J. F. (2008b). Mælitæki fyrir þunglyndi fullorðinna sem til eru í íslenskri gerð: Próffræðilegar upplýsingar og notagildi. [Icelandic translations of depression measures for adult populations: Psychometric information and usefulness]. Icelandic Journal of Psychology, 13, 7–169.
Stanford, M. S., Mathias, C. W., Dougherty, D. M., Lake, S. L., Anderson, N. E., & Patton, J. H. (2009). Fifty years of the Barratt impulsiveness scale: An update and review. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 385–395.
Summerfeldt, L. J., Hood, K., Antony, M. M., Richter, M. A., & Swinson, R. P. (2004). Impulsivity in obsessive–compulsive disorder: Comparisons with other anxiety disorders and within tic-related subgroups. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 539–553. CrossRef
Zermatten, M., & Van der Linden, M. (2008). Impulsivity in non-clinical persons with obsessive–compulsive symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 1824–1830. CrossRef
- The Interaction Effect of Impulsivity and Responsibility in Relation to Obsessive–Compulsive Symptoms
Ragnar P. Ólafsson
- Springer US