Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 1/2011

01-02-2011 | Original Article

Parental Beliefs About Child Anxiety as a Mediator of Parent and Child Anxiety

Auteurs: Sarah E. Francis, Bruce F. Chorpita

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 1/2011

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Previous research has consistently supported a link between child and parental anxiety. Less well understood, however, are mediators of this association. Recent work has suggested the importance of parental cognitions in understanding the relationship between parental and child anxiety. The present investigation, employing a cross-sectional design, evaluates the potential mediational role of a specific parental cognitive variable, namely parental beliefs about the child’s anxiety, in the relationship between parental and child anxiety. Among a sample of clinic-referred youth (n = 103) with a variety of clinical presentations, parental beliefs about the harmfulness of the child’s anxiety significantly mediated the relationship between parent and child anxiety. This finding provides preliminary support for the role of parental beliefs about child anxiety in mediating the link between parent and child anxiety.
Voetnoten
1
When fathers were excluded from the analyses, the findings reported here remained largely similar for mothers only, such that the relationships observed among the variables remained consistent with those reported, and support for partial mediation was obtained.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Antony, M. M., Beiling, P. J., Cox, B. J., Enns, M. W., & Swinson, R. P. (1998). Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the depression anxiety stress scales in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 10, 176–181. doi: 10.​1037/​1040-3590.​10.​2.​176. CrossRef Antony, M. M., Beiling, P. J., Cox, B. J., Enns, M. W., & Swinson, R. P. (1998). Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the depression anxiety stress scales in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 10, 176–181. doi: 10.​1037/​1040-3590.​10.​2.​176. CrossRef
go back to reference Barrett, P. M., Rapee, R. M., Dadds, M. R., & Ryan, S. M. (1996). Family enhancement of cognitive style in anxious and aggressive children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 187–203. doi: 10.​1007/​BF01441484. CrossRefPubMed Barrett, P. M., Rapee, R. M., Dadds, M. R., & Ryan, S. M. (1996). Family enhancement of cognitive style in anxious and aggressive children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 187–203. doi: 10.​1007/​BF01441484. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bögels, S. M., van Dongen, L., & Muris, P. M. (2003). Family influences on dysfunctional thinking in anxious children. Infant and Child Development, 12, 243–252. doi: 10.​1002/​icd.​288. CrossRef Bögels, S. M., van Dongen, L., & Muris, P. M. (2003). Family influences on dysfunctional thinking in anxious children. Infant and Child Development, 12, 243–252. doi: 10.​1002/​icd.​288. CrossRef
go back to reference Chorpita, B. F., Yim, L., Moffitt, C., Umemoto, L. A., & Francis, S. E. (2000b). Assessment of symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety and depression in children: A revised child anxiety and depression scale. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 835–855. doi: 10.​1016/​S0005-7967(99)00130-8. CrossRefPubMed Chorpita, B. F., Yim, L., Moffitt, C., Umemoto, L. A., & Francis, S. E. (2000b). Assessment of symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety and depression in children: A revised child anxiety and depression scale. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 835–855. doi: 10.​1016/​S0005-7967(99)00130-8. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cobham, V. E. (1998). The case for involving the family in the treatment of childhood anxiety. Behaviour Change, 15, 203–212. Cobham, V. E. (1998). The case for involving the family in the treatment of childhood anxiety. Behaviour Change, 15, 203–212.
go back to reference Cohen, J., & Cohen, P. (1983). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Cohen, J., & Cohen, P. (1983). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Creswell, C., & O’Connor, T. G. (2006). ‘Anxious cognitions’ in children: An exploration of associations and mediators. The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 24, 761–766. doi: 10.​1348/​026151005X70418. CrossRef Creswell, C., & O’Connor, T. G. (2006). ‘Anxious cognitions’ in children: An exploration of associations and mediators. The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 24, 761–766. doi: 10.​1348/​026151005X70418. CrossRef
go back to reference Dadds, M. R., Barrett, P. M., Rapee, R. M., & Ryan, S. (1996). Family process and child anxiety and aggression: An observational analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 715–734. doi: 10.​1007/​BF01664736. CrossRefPubMed Dadds, M. R., Barrett, P. M., Rapee, R. M., & Ryan, S. (1996). Family process and child anxiety and aggression: An observational analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 715–734. doi: 10.​1007/​BF01664736. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference DiNardo, P. A., O’Brien, G. T., Barlow, D. H., Waddell, M. T., & Blanchard, E. B. (1983). Reliability of DSM-III anxiety disorders using a new structured interview. Archives of General Psychiatry, 22, 1070–1078. DiNardo, P. A., O’Brien, G. T., Barlow, D. H., Waddell, M. T., & Blanchard, E. B. (1983). Reliability of DSM-III anxiety disorders using a new structured interview. Archives of General Psychiatry, 22, 1070–1078.
go back to reference Drake, K. L., & Kearney, C. A. (2008). Child anxiety sensitivity and family environment as mediators of the relationship between parent psychopathology, parent anxiety sensitivity, and child anxiety. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 30, 79–86. doi: 10.​1007/​s10862-007-9055-z. CrossRef Drake, K. L., & Kearney, C. A. (2008). Child anxiety sensitivity and family environment as mediators of the relationship between parent psychopathology, parent anxiety sensitivity, and child anxiety. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 30, 79–86. doi: 10.​1007/​s10862-007-9055-z. CrossRef
go back to reference Francis, S. E., & Chorpita, B. F. (2009). Development and evaluation of the parental beliefs about anxiety questionnaire. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment (in press). Francis, S. E., & Chorpita, B. F. (2009). Development and evaluation of the parental beliefs about anxiety questionnaire. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment (in press).
go back to reference Ginsburg, G. S., Grover, R. L., & Ialongo, N. (2004). Parenting behaviors among anxious and non-anxious mothers: Relation with concurrent and long-term child outcomes. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 26, 23–41. doi: 10.​1300/​J019v26n04_​02. CrossRef Ginsburg, G. S., Grover, R. L., & Ialongo, N. (2004). Parenting behaviors among anxious and non-anxious mothers: Relation with concurrent and long-term child outcomes. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 26, 23–41. doi: 10.​1300/​J019v26n04_​02. CrossRef
go back to reference Krohne, H. W., & Hock, M. (1991). Relationships between restrictive mother–child interactions and anxiety of the child. Anxiety Research, 4, 109–124. Krohne, H. W., & Hock, M. (1991). Relationships between restrictive mother–child interactions and anxiety of the child. Anxiety Research, 4, 109–124.
go back to reference Last, C. G., Hersen, M., Kazdin, A., Orvaschel, H., & Perrin, S. (1991). Anxiety disorders in children and their families. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 928–934. PubMed Last, C. G., Hersen, M., Kazdin, A., Orvaschel, H., & Perrin, S. (1991). Anxiety disorders in children and their families. Archives of General Psychiatry, 48, 928–934. PubMed
go back to reference Lovibond, P. F., & Lovibond, S. H. (1995). The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the depression anxiety stress scales (DASS) with the beck depression and anxiety inventories. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33, 335–343. doi: 10.​1016/​0005-7967(94)00075-U. CrossRefPubMed Lovibond, P. F., & Lovibond, S. H. (1995). The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the depression anxiety stress scales (DASS) with the beck depression and anxiety inventories. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33, 335–343. doi: 10.​1016/​0005-7967(94)00075-U. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Silverman, W. K., & Albano, A. M. (1996). Anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV, child and parent versions. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation. Silverman, W. K., & Albano, A. M. (1996). Anxiety disorders interview schedule for DSM-IV, child and parent versions. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Silverman, W. K., & Nelles, W. B. (1988). The anxiety disorders interview schedule for children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 772–778. CrossRefPubMed Silverman, W. K., & Nelles, W. B. (1988). The anxiety disorders interview schedule for children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 772–778. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference van Brakel, A. M. L., Muris, P., Bögels, S. M., & Thomassen, C. (2006). A multifactorial model for the etiology of anxiety in non-clinical adolescents: Main and interactive effects of behavioral inhibition, attachment, and parental rearing. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 15, 569–579. CrossRef van Brakel, A. M. L., Muris, P., Bögels, S. M., & Thomassen, C. (2006). A multifactorial model for the etiology of anxiety in non-clinical adolescents: Main and interactive effects of behavioral inhibition, attachment, and parental rearing. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 15, 569–579. CrossRef
go back to reference Wheatcroft, R., & Creswell, C. (2007). Parents’ cognitions and expectations about their pre-school children: The contribution of parental anxiety and child anxiety. The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 25, 435–441. doi: 10.​1348/​026151006X173288​. CrossRef Wheatcroft, R., & Creswell, C. (2007). Parents’ cognitions and expectations about their pre-school children: The contribution of parental anxiety and child anxiety. The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 25, 435–441. doi: 10.​1348/​026151006X173288​. CrossRef
go back to reference Woodruff-Borden, J., Morrow, C., Bourland, S., & Cambron, S. (2002). The behavior of anxious parents: Examining mechanisms of transmission of anxiety from parent to child. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 364–374. PubMed Woodruff-Borden, J., Morrow, C., Bourland, S., & Cambron, S. (2002). The behavior of anxious parents: Examining mechanisms of transmission of anxiety from parent to child. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 364–374. PubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Parental Beliefs About Child Anxiety as a Mediator of Parent and Child Anxiety
Auteurs
Sarah E. Francis
Bruce F. Chorpita
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 1/2011
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-009-9255-9