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28-08-2018

The importance of national levels of eudaimonic well-being to life satisfaction in old age: a global study

Auteurs: Mohsen Joshanloo, M. Joseph Sirgy, Joonha Park

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 12/2018

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Abstract

Purpose

The present study sought to test the hypotheses that the relationship between age and life satisfaction is moderated by five societal factors: (1) eudaimonic well-being (i.e., psycho-social functioning), (2) economic quality, (3) healthcare system efficiency, (4) globalization, and (5) national age.

Methods

This study was a cross-sectional analysis based on data from the Gallup World Poll. The sample consisted of 264,123 individuals across 133 countries. Multi-level modeling was used to analyze the data.

Results

The results showed that out of the five moderators, only national levels of eudaimonic well-being robustly moderated the relationship between age and life satisfaction. The relationship between age and life satisfaction was negative in countries with low and moderate levels of eudaimonic well-being, and non-significant in countries with high levels of eudaimonic well-being.

Conclusion

It seems that a non-financial way to maintain higher levels of life satisfaction in aging populations is to enhance eudaimonic well-being. This can be achieved through interventions and policies targeted at individuals, groups, and organizations.
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1
The moderation analysis was repeated with a different index of national age, and the moderation was again found to be non-significant. The percentage of each country’s population aged 65 and above in 2015 was used as the alternative index of national age (obtained from https://​data.​worldbank.​org). The correlation between the index used in the present study and the alternative index was 0.897 (p < .001, N = 133), suggesting a high level of consistency.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
The importance of national levels of eudaimonic well-being to life satisfaction in old age: a global study
Auteurs
Mohsen Joshanloo
M. Joseph Sirgy
Joonha Park
Publicatiedatum
28-08-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 12/2018
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-018-1977-2

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