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24-02-2017 | Uitgave 3/2017

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2017

The Differential Role of Anxiety Sensitivity and its Components in the Relation between Emotional Nonacceptance and Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms and Disorders among Latinos in Primary Care

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment > Uitgave 3/2017
Auteurs:
Jafar Bakhshaie, Daniel J. Paulus, Angela Medvedeva, Tanveer Otal, Chad Lemaire, Monica Garza, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Jeanette Valdivieso, Daniel Bogiaizian, Andres G. Viana, Anahi Collado, Norman B. Schmidt, Michael J. Zvolensky

Abstract

The present investigation examined anxiety sensitivity (AS) in the relation between emotional nonacceptance (unwillingness to experience unwanted emotions) and mood and anxiety symptoms among Latinos seeking health services at a primary healthcare facility. Participants included 267 adult Latinos (85.4% female; Mage = 38.8 years, SD = 10.7, and 95.9% used Spanish as their first language). Results indicated that emotional nonacceptance was indirectly related to number of mood and anxiety disorders, anxious arousal, social anxiety, and depressive symptoms through AS. The observed effects were evident above and beyond the variance accounted for by gender, age, marital status, educational status, employment status, years living in the United States, and negative affectivity. Using a multiple mediation model revealed that the AS cognitive, physical, and social concerns demonstrated unique incremental explanatory effects (above and beyond the other two AS sub-scales) for depressive, anxious arousal, and social anxiety symptoms, respectively. Thus, specific sub-scales of AS were uniquely related with the expression of particular affective symptom domains. Overall, the present findings suggest that there is merit in focusing further scientific attention on the interplay between nonacceptance and AS in regard to better understanding and intervening to reduce anxiety/depressive vulnerability among Latinos in primary care.

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