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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 5/2006

01-10-2006 | Original Paper

Testing Descriptive Hypotheses Regarding Sex Differences in the Development of Conduct Problems and Delinquency

Auteurs: Benjamin B. Lahey, Carol A. Van Hulle, Irwin D. Waldman, Joseph Lee Rodgers, Brian M. D’Onofrio, Steven Pedlow, Paul Rathouz, Kate Keenan

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 5/2006

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Abstract

Accurate descriptions of sex differences in the development of childhood conduct problems and adolescent delinquency will inform theories of their causes in fundamentally important ways. Using data on 4,572 offspring of a national sample of women, we tested descriptive hypotheses regarding sex differences. As predicted, the magnitude of sex differences varied with age, suggesting that multiple processes differentially influence levels of these behaviors in females and males across development. During childhood, boys scored lower on measures of cognitive ability and exhibited lower sociability and compliance and greater hyperactivity, oppositional behavior, and conduct problems. Most of these variables were associated with childhood conduct problems and adolescent delinquency equally in females and males, but maternal delinquency and early childhood sociability were correlated more strongly with childhood conduct problems in males and childhood compliance predicted adolescent delinquency more strongly in females. Both sexes exhibited both childhood-onset and adolescent-onset trajectories of delinquency. Although more males followed a childhood-onset trajectory, there were few sex differences in the early childhood risk correlates of either delinquency trajectory.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Testing Descriptive Hypotheses Regarding Sex Differences in the Development of Conduct Problems and Delinquency
Auteurs
Benjamin B. Lahey
Carol A. Van Hulle
Irwin D. Waldman
Joseph Lee Rodgers
Brian M. D’Onofrio
Steven Pedlow
Paul Rathouz
Kate Keenan
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2006
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 5/2006
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-006-9064-5

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