Mindfulness training has become increasingly popular among people in China over the last few decades. However, current research on mindfulness primarily focuses on trait rather than state mindfulness, which is reflected in the measurements used. Thus, here, we validated and assessed the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the State Mindfulness Scale (SMS) in a non-clinical sample of Chinese university students.
SMS was translated into Chinese, and was back-translated. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was then implemented, and its reliability and validity were examined (sample n1 = 382, sub-sample n2 = 266).
The Chinese SMS (SMS-Ch) exhibited good internal consistency and acceptable test-retest reliability. CFA provided support for the higher-order 2-factor model. The correlations between SMS and validity scales (Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, Toronto Mindfulness Scale) also provided a preliminary basis for the convergent and discriminant validity.
Our results showed that the SMS-Ch has acceptable psychometric properties and is a valid and reliable instrument for assessing state mindfulness in a Chinese cultural context.
This study was not pre-registered.