Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 6/2023

26-05-2023 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Acute Biopsychosocial Stress Responses in Mindfulness Meditators and Non-Meditators: The Mediating Role of Closeness

Auteurs: Jennifer N. Baumgartner, Tamera R. Schneider

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 6/2023

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Objectives

Applying the biopsychosocial model of challenge and threat, the present research investigated the differential cognitive, affective, behavioral, and psychophysiological responses of experienced mindfulness meditation practitioners and non-meditators in response to an acute laboratory stressor. We also tested whether perceptions of closeness link mindfulness practice with experiencing challenge rather than threat in response to acute psychosocial stress.

Method

Experienced mindfulness practitioners (n = 40) and individuals interested in mindfulness but without a practice (n = 55) reported dispositional mindfulness and closeness before engaging with a validated psychosocial stressor (i.e., mental arithmetic). After receiving stressor instructions, participants reported appraisals and state affect. During the stressor, we assessed performance and cardiovascular reactivity.

Results

Findings revealed that mindfulness practitioners, relative to non-meditators, reported greater dispositional mindfulness (ηp2 = 0.22) and closeness (ηp2 = 0.13). For mindfulness practitioners, the stressor evoked more challenge-like responses, including greater positive affect (ηp2 = 0.11) and better performance (ηp2 = 0.07), compared to non-meditators. There were no significant group differences in appraisals or cardiovascular reactivity. Rather than a direct link, we found that mindfulness meditation practice was indirectly associated with greater challenge appraisals, fully mediated by increased perceptions of closeness (CI [− 0.11, − 0.02]).

Conclusions

Findings suggest that a sustained mindfulness meditation practice confers some adaptive advantages in response to acute psychosocial stressors, such as increased positive affect and better performance. We also found that having a prolonged mindfulness meditation practice is linked to greater challenge appraisals in response to an acute stressor, but only due to having a sense of self that is characterized by greater interconnection and closeness with others.

Preregistration

This study is not pre-registered.
Literatuur
go back to reference Aron, A., & Aron, E. N. (1986). Love as the expansion of self: Understanding attraction and satisfaction. Hemisphere. Aron, A., & Aron, E. N. (1986). Love as the expansion of self: Understanding attraction and satisfaction. Hemisphere.
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base. Basic Books. Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base. Basic Books.
go back to reference Daubenmier, J., Epel, E. S., Moran, P. J., Thompson, J., Mason, A. E., Acree, M., Goldman, V., Kristeller, J., Hecht, F. M., & Mendes, W. B. (2019). A randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness-based weight loss intervention on cardiovascular reactivity to social-evaluative threat among adults with obesity. Mindfulness, 10(12), 2583–2595. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12671-019-01232-5 Daubenmier, J., Epel, E. S., Moran, P. J., Thompson, J., Mason, A. E., Acree, M., Goldman, V., Kristeller, J., Hecht, F. M., & Mendes, W. B. (2019). A randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness-based weight loss intervention on cardiovascular reactivity to social-evaluative threat among adults with obesity. Mindfulness, 10(12), 2583–2595. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12671-019-01232-5
go back to reference Hayes, A. F. (2017). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach, Guilford publications. Hayes, A. F. (2017). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach, Guilford publications.
go back to reference Kelsey, R. M., Blascovich, J., Tomaka, J., Leitten, C. L., Schneider, T. R., & Wiens, S. (1999). Cardiovascular reactivity and adaptation to recurrent psychological stress: Effects of prior task exposure. Psychophysiology, 36(6), 818–831. CrossRefPubMed Kelsey, R. M., Blascovich, J., Tomaka, J., Leitten, C. L., Schneider, T. R., & Wiens, S. (1999). Cardiovascular reactivity and adaptation to recurrent psychological stress: Effects of prior task exposure. Psychophysiology, 36(6), 818–831. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Lazarus, R. S. (2006). Stress and emotion: A new synthesis. Springer. Lazarus, R. S. (2006). Stress and emotion: A new synthesis. Springer.
go back to reference Lazarus, R. S. & Folkman, S. (1984). Coping and adaptation. In W. D. Gentry (Ed.), The handbook of behavioral medicine (pp. 282–325.). Guilford. Lazarus, R. S. & Folkman, S. (1984). Coping and adaptation. In W. D. Gentry (Ed.), The handbook of behavioral medicine (pp. 282–325.). Guilford.
go back to reference Obrist, P. A. (2012). Cardiovascular psychophysiology: A perspective. Springer. Obrist, P. A. (2012). Cardiovascular psychophysiology: A perspective. Springer.
go back to reference Rockwood, N. & Hayes, A. (2020). Mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: Regression-based approaches for clinical research. In A. G. C. Wright & M. N. Hallquist (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in clinical psychology (pp. 396–414). Cambridge University Press. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1017/​9781316995808.​037 Rockwood, N. & Hayes, A. (2020). Mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: Regression-based approaches for clinical research. In A. G. C. Wright & M. N. Hallquist (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in clinical psychology (pp. 396–414). Cambridge University Press. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1017/​9781316995808.​037
go back to reference Trautwein, F. M., Naranjo, J. R., & Schmidt, S. (2014). Meditation effects in the social domain: Self-other connectedness as a general mechanism? In S. Schmidt & H. Walach (Eds.), Meditation – Neuroscientific approaches and philosophical implications (pp. 175–198). Springer. Trautwein, F. M., Naranjo, J. R., & Schmidt, S. (2014). Meditation effects in the social domain: Self-other connectedness as a general mechanism? In S. Schmidt & H. Walach (Eds.), Meditation – Neuroscientific approaches and philosophical implications (pp. 175–198). Springer.
Metagegevens
Titel
Acute Biopsychosocial Stress Responses in Mindfulness Meditators and Non-Meditators: The Mediating Role of Closeness
Auteurs
Jennifer N. Baumgartner
Tamera R. Schneider
Publicatiedatum
26-05-2023
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 6/2023
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-023-02146-z

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2023

Mindfulness 6/2023 Naar de uitgave