Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Claire R. Stewart and Sandra S. Sanchez have contributed equally to this study.
Atypical sensory responses are common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). While evidence suggests impaired auditory–visual integration for verbal information, findings for nonverbal stimuli are inconsistent. We tested for sensory symptoms in children with ASD (using the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile) and examined unisensory and bisensory processing with a nonverbal auditory–visual paradigm, for which neurotypical adults show bisensory facilitation. ASD participants reported more atypical sensory symptoms overall, most prominently in the auditory modality. On the experimental task, reduced response times for bisensory compared to unisensory trials were seen in both ASD and control groups, but neither group showed significant race model violation (evidence of intermodal integration). Findings do not support impaired bisensory processing for simple nonverbal stimuli in high-functioning children with ASD.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders—IV-TR (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Bomba, M. D., & Pang, E. W. (2004). Cortical auditory evoked potentials in autism: A review. International Journal of Psychophysiology: Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology, 53(3), 161–169. CrossRef
Brandwein, A. B., Foxe, J. J., Butler, J. S., Russo, N. N., Altschuler, T. S., Gomes, H., et al. (2013). The development of multisensory integration in high-functioning autism: High-density electrical mapping and psychophysical measures reveal impairments in the processing of audiovisual inputs. Cerebral Cortex, 23(6), 1329–1341. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Brown, C., & Dunn, W. (2002). Adolescent/adult sensory profile manual. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Coleman, M., & Gillberg, C. (2012). The autisms (4th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
Dunn, W. (1999). Sensory profile San Antonio. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation.
Dunn, W., Myles, B. S., & Orr, S. (2002). Sensory processing issues associated with Asperger syndrome: A preliminary investigation. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association, 56(1), 97–102. CrossRef
Eyler, A., Pierce, K., & Courchesne, E. (2012). A failure of left temporal cortex to specialize for language is an early emerging and fundamental property of autism. Brain: A Journal of Neurology, 135(Pt 33), 949–960. CrossRef
Foxe, J. J., Molholm, S., Del Bene, V. A., Frey, H. P., Russo, N. N., Blanco, D., et al. (2015). Severe multisensory speech integration deficits in high-functioning school-aged children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their resolution during early adolescence. Cerebral Cortex, 25(2), 298–312.
Gillberg, C. & Coleman, M. (2000). The biology of the autistic syndromes. London, New York: Mac Keith Press; Distributed by Cambridge University Press.
Jones, C. R. G., Happé, F., Baird. G., Simonoff, E., Marsden, A. J. S., Tregay, J., et al. (2009). Auditory discrimination and auditory sensory behaviours in autism spectrum disorders. Neuropsychologia, 47(13), 2850–2858.
Kail, R. (1991). Processing time declines exponentially during childhood and adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 27(2), 259–266. CrossRef
Kern, J. K., Trivedi, M. H., Garver, C. R., Grannemann, B. D., Andrews, A. A., Savia, J. S., et al. (2006). The pattern of sensory processing abnormalities in autism. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 10(5), 480–494. CrossRef
Kern, J. K., Trivedi, M. H., Grannemann, B. D., Garver, C. R., Johnson, D. G., Andrews, A. A., et al. (2007). Sensory correlations in autism. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 11(2), 123–134. CrossRef
Kientz, M. A., & Dunn, W. (1997). A comparison of the performance of children with and without autism on the Sensory Profile. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association, 51(7), 530–537. CrossRef
Miller, J. (1991). Channel interaction and the redundant-targets effect in bimodal divided attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 17(1), 160–169. PubMed
Palmen, S. J., van Engeland, H., Hof, P. R., & Schmitz, C. (2004). Neuropathological findings in autism. Brain: A Journal of Neurology, 127(12), 2572–2583. CrossRef
Rapin, I., & Dunn, M. (2003). Update on the language disorders of individuals on the autistic spectrum. Brain & Development, 25(3), 166–172. CrossRef
Rogers, S. J. (2009). What are infant siblings teaching us about autism in infancy? Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research, 2(3), 125–137. CrossRef
Smith, E. G., & Bennetto, L. (2007). Audiovisual speech integration and lipreading in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 48(8), 813–821. CrossRef
South, M., Ozonoff, S., & McMahon, W. M. (2007). The relationship between executive functioning, central coherence, and repetitive behaviors in the high-functioning autism spectrum. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 11(5), 437–451. CrossRef
Stein, B. E., & Meredith, M. A. (1993). The merging of the senses. Cambridge, Mass: MIT press.
Tomchek, S. D., & Dunn, W. (2007). Sensory processing in children with and without autism: A comparative study using the short sensory profile. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association, 61(2), 190–200. CrossRef
Wechsler, D. (2000). Wechsler’s abbreviated scale of intelligence. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
- Sensory Symptoms and Processing of Nonverbal Auditory and Visual Stimuli in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Claire R. Stewart
Sandra S. Sanchez
Emily L. Grenesko
Christine M. Brown
Colleen P. Chen
Alan J. Lincoln
- Springer US