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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2016

09-01-2016 | Original Paper

Hoarding in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Anxiety: Incidence, Clinical Correlates, and Behavioral Treatment Response

Auteurs: Eric A. Storch, Joshua M. Nadeau, Carly Johnco, Kiara Timpano, Nicole McBride, P. Jane Mutch, Adam B. Lewin, Tanya K. Murphy

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2016

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Abstract

This study examined the nature and correlates of hoarding among youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Forty children with ASD and a comorbid anxiety disorder were administered a battery of clinician-administered measures assessing presence of psychiatric disorders and anxiety severity. Parents completed questionnaires related to child hoarding behaviors, social responsiveness, internalizing and externalizing behaviors, and functional impairment. We examined the impact of hoarding behaviors on treatment response in a subsample of twenty-six youth who completed a course of personalized cognitive-behavioral therapy targeting anxiety symptoms. Hoarding symptoms were common and occurred in a clinically significant manner in approximately 25 % of cases. Overall hoarding severity was associated with increased internalizing and anxiety/depressive symptoms, externalizing behavior, and attention problems. Discarding items was associated with internalizing and anxious/depressive symptoms, but acquisition was not. Hoarding decreased following cognitive-behavioral therapy but did not differ between treatment responders and non-responders. These data are among the first to examine hoarding among youth with ASD; implications of study findings and future directions are highlighted.
Voetnoten
1
This conceptualization predates the recent acknowledgment that hoarding symptoms could either reflect a symptom subtype of OCD or be a manifestation of a discrete condition now identified as Hoarding Disorder (American Psychiatric Association 2013).
 
2
There were no differences across clinical variables between those who participated in CBT relative to those who did not.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Hoarding in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Anxiety: Incidence, Clinical Correlates, and Behavioral Treatment Response
Auteurs
Eric A. Storch
Joshua M. Nadeau
Carly Johnco
Kiara Timpano
Nicole McBride
P. Jane Mutch
Adam B. Lewin
Tanya K. Murphy
Publicatiedatum
09-01-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2016
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2687-z