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22-03-2019 | Uitgave 2/2019

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2/2019

Self-Evaluation and Depressive Symptoms: A Latent Variable Analysis of Self-Esteem, Shame-Proneness, and Self-Criticism

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment > Uitgave 2/2019
Auteurs:
Andrew C. Porter, Rachel L. Zelkowitz, Darcy C. Gist, David A. Cole
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10862-019-09734-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

This paper examined the unique associations of latent self-esteem with symptoms of depression, over-and-above latent shame-proneness (study 1) and latent self-criticism (study 2), among two samples of undergraduate students. In study 1, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed convergent and discriminant validity for most measures of shame-proneness and self-esteem. Shame-proneness and self-esteem (taken separately) were strongly related to depressive symptoms. Controlling for each other, self-esteem but not shame-proneness remained associated with depressive symptoms. In study 2, CFA showed convergent validity but not discriminant validity for measures of self-criticism and low self-esteem. Self-esteem and self-criticism (taken separately) were strongly related to depressive symptoms. Controlling for each other, however, neither construct was significantly associated with depressive symptoms. Findings suggest that (a) self-esteem and shame-proneness have good discriminant validity, (b) self-esteem is uniquely related to depressive symptoms above and beyond shame-proneness, and (c) self-report measures of self-criticism and self-esteem have poor discriminant validity.

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