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01-04-2015 | Original Article - Design Study Article | Uitgave 4/2015 Open Access

Netherlands Heart Journal 4/2015

Right ventricular function in dilated cardiomyopathy and ischemic heart disease: assessment with non-invasive imaging

Tijdschrift:
Netherlands Heart Journal > Uitgave 4/2015
Auteurs:
S. Schalla, C. Jaarsma, S.C. Bekkers, J. Waltenberger, R. Dennert, H.J. Crijns, J. Wildberger, S. Heymans, H-P. Brunner-La Rocca

Abstract

Background

Dilated cardiomyopathy and ischaemic heart disease can both lead to right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. Direct comparisons of the two entities regarding RV size and function using state-of-the-art imaging techniques have not yet been performed. We aimed to determine RV function and volume in dilated cardiomyopathy and ischaemic heart disease in relation to left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function and systolic pulmonary artery pressure.

Methods and results

A well-characterised group (cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, echocardiography, coronary angiography and endomyocardial biopsy) of 46 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy was compared with LV ejection fraction (EF)-matched patients (n = 23) with ischaemic heart disease. Volumes and EF were determined with magnetic resonance imaging, diastolic LV function and pulmonary artery pressure with echocardiography.
After multivariable linear regression, four factors independently influenced RVEF (R2 = 0.51, p < 0.001): LVEF (r = 0.54, p < 0.001), ratio of peak early and peak atrial transmitral Doppler flow velocity as measure of LV filling pressure (r = − 0.52, p < 0.001) and tricuspid regurgitation flow velocity as measure of pulmonary artery pressure (r = − 0.38, p = 0.001). RVEF was significantly worse in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy compared with ischaemic heart disease: median 48 % (interquartile range (IQR) 37–55 %) versus 56 % (IQR 48–63 %), p < 0.05.

Conclusions

In patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and ischaemic heart disease, RV function is determined by LV systolic and diastolic function, the underlying cause of LV dysfunction, and pulmonary artery pressure. It was demonstrated that RV function is more impaired in dilated cardiomyopathy.

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Netherlands Heart Journal

Het Netherlands Heart Journal wordt uitgegeven in samenwerking met de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Cardiologie en de Nederlandse Hartstichting. Het tijdschrift is Engelstalig en wordt gratis beschikbaa ...

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