Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Do distinct sources of social support have differential effects on health? Although previous research has contrasted family and friend support (naturalistic support), research on the relative effects of naturalistic support and constructed support (e.g., support groups) is extremely rare. Two studies of women with type 2 diabetes were conducted that assessed the independent effects of naturalistic and constructed support on physical activity and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Participants were women diagnosed with type 2 diabetes from the intervention arms of two randomized controlled trials: primarily European American women (Study 1; N = 163) and exclusively Hispanic women (Study 2; N = 142). Measures assessed physical activity, HbA1c, and friend and family support at baseline and at 6 months, as well as group support after 6 months of intervention. In Study 1, only group support was related to increases in physical activity (ΔR2 = .036). In Study 2, group support and family support showed independent effects on increases in physical activity (ΔR2 = .047 and .060, respectively). Also, group support was related to decreases in HbA1c in Study 1 (ΔR2 = .031) and Study 2 (ΔR2 = .065). Overall, constructed (group) support was related to outcomes most consistently, but naturalistic (family) support showed some independent relation to physical activity improvement.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Craig, C. L., Marshall, A. L., Sjöström, M., Bauman, A. E., Booth, M. L., Ainsworth, B. E., et al. (2003). International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35, 1381–1395. doi: 10.1249/01.MSS.0000078924.61453.FB PubMedCrossRef
Keyserling, T. C., Samuel-Hodge, C. D., Ammerman, A. S., Ainsworth, B. E., Henriquez-Roldan, C. F., et al. (2002). A randomized trial of an intervention to improve self-care behaviors of African-American women with type 2 diabetes: Impact on physical activity. Diabetes Care, 25, 1576–1583. doi: 10.2337/diacare.25.9.1576 PubMedCrossRef
Ornish, D. (1990). Dr. Dean Ornish’s program for reversing heart disease. New York: Ballantine.
Osuna, D., Barrera, M., Jr, Strycker, L. A., Toobert, D. J., Almeida, F., Rasmussen, C. G., et al. (2011). Methods for the cultural adaptation of a diabetes lifestyle intervention for Latinas: An illustrative project. Health Promotion Practice, 12, 341–348. doi: 10.1177/1524839909343279 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
Schulz, U., Pischke, C. R., Weidner, G., Daubenmier, J., Elliott-Eller, M., Scherwitz, L., et al. (2008). Social support group attendance is related to blood pressure, health behaviours, and quality of life in the multicenter lifestyle demonstration project. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 13, 423–437. doi: 10.1080/13548500701660442 CrossRef
Speigel, D., & Classen, C. (2000). Group therapy for cancer patients: A research-based handbook of psychosocial care. New York: Basic Books.
Strycker, L. A., Duncan, S. C., Chaumeton, N. R., Duncan, T. E., & Toobert, D. J. (2007). Reliability of pedometer data in samples of youth and older women. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 4. http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/4/1/4
Toobert, D. J., Strycker, L. A., Glasgow, R. E., Barrera, M., Jr, & Angell, K. (2005). Effects of the Mediterranean lifestyle program on multiple risk behaviors and psychosocial outcomes among women at risk for heart disease. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 29, 128–137. doi: 10.1207/s15324796abm2902_7 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
Tsenkova, V. K., Dienberg Love, G., Singer, B. H., & Ryff, C. D. (2008). Coping and positive affect predict longitudinal change in glycosylated hemoglobin. Health Psychology, 27, S163–S171. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.27.2(Suppl.).S163
Ussher, J., Kirsten, L., Butow, P., & Sandoval, M. (2006). What do cancer support groups provide which other supportive relationships do not? The experience of peer support groups for people with cancer. Social Science and Medicine, 62, 2565–2576. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.10.034 PubMedCrossRef
Weiss, R. S. (1973). Materials for a theory of social relationships. In W. Bennis, D. Berlow, E. Schein, & F. Steele (Eds.), Interpersonal dynamics (pp. 103–110). Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press.
- Relative contributions of naturalistic and constructed support: two studies of women with type 2 diabetes
Manuel Barrera Jr.
Deborah J. Toobert
Lisa A. Strycker
- Springer US