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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 12/2021

08-10-2021 | Original Paper

Relationship between Chinese Women’s Childhood Family Background and their Fertility Intentions under Different Policy Conditions

Auteur: Manyu Lan

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 12/2021

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Abstract

This study aimed to explore the relationship between Chinese women’s childhood family background and their fertility intentions, including their fertility intentions for a second child under the universal two-child policy, and the ideal fertility intentions under no birth restrictions. Data of participants extracted from the 2016 China Labor-force Dynamics Survey was adopted for analysis. Zero-inflated Poisson regression and multinomial logistic regression models were used to determine the predictors of women’s intended number of children under different policy conditions. The number of siblings and parents’ education prove to be significant predictors of female fertility intentions, even controlling for several characteristic variables. The instability of parental marriage shaped female fertility intentions remarkably and made them highly polarized under no conditional or institutional constrains. A cohort effect on female fertility intentions was also identified. Women with better socioeconomic status (SES) and born in families with better economic conditions showed relatively strong childbearing desires.

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Voetnoten
1
Zhai is the president of China Population Association, and a member of the Expert Committee of National Health and Family Planning Commission of PRC. His prediction had caused lots of controversies and worries.
 
2
“First married” refers to first marriage and does not include any forms of cohabitation in the Chinese social context, and here means parents were still on their first marriage when participants were 14.
 
3
Daughters here refer to the women participants themselves. Hereafter, I use the term “daughters” and “women” interchangeably.
 
4
Actually, the child mortality rate in rural areas was almost 3 times higher than that in urban areas, and the most important reason was malnutrition caused by relatively low income, partly due to the separation of some welfare benefits from hukou status (Liu et al., 2015; China Health and Family Planning Commission, 2013).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Relationship between Chinese Women’s Childhood Family Background and their Fertility Intentions under Different Policy Conditions
Auteur
Manyu Lan
Publicatiedatum
08-10-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 12/2021
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02095-y